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02 SEP
statesone world news - Beslan school siege 2004 350 people and children are killed in a massacre in Beslan, North Ossetia
Armed Chechen rebels took over 1000 people including school children at a school. The rebels demanded international recognition of an independent Chechnya. The hostage crisis lasted for 3 days and ended after Russian troops stormed the school.
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statesone world news - Wreck of the RMS Titanic 1985 The Wreck of the sunk ship Titanic is found in the North Atlantic Ocean
A French-American expedition group found the wreck, which sunk on 14 April 1912 on her first voyage from Southampton, UK, to New York City, U.S.
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statesone world news - Pioneer 11 1979 Pioneer 11 makes its closest approach to Saturn
The NASA built space probe was the first probe to encounter Saturn - it flew by the planet at a distance of 13,000 miles (21,000 km). After its flyby, the probe went on a trajectory to go outside the Solar System. All contacts with it were lost a few weeks later.
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statesone world news - The Old Man and the Sea 1952 Life magazine publishes parts of "The Old Man And The Sea"
One of American author Ernest Hemingway’s best-known works, the novel tells the story of an old man and his fishing misadventures. Within a few days of the publication of the excerpt, 5 million copies of the magazine had been sold.
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statesone world news - Passenger pigeon 1914 Passenger Pigeons become extinct
"Martha", the last Passenger Pigeon known to man, died at the Cincinnati Zoo, Cincinnati, Ohio effectively making Passenger Pigeons extinct.
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statesone world news - Nachmanides 1267 Rabbi Moses Ben Nachman establishes a Jewish community in Jerusalem
He was raised, studied, and lived for most of his life in Girona, Catalonia (Spain). He is also considered to be an important figure in the re-establishment of the Jewish community in Jerusalem following its devastation at the hands of the Crusaders in 1099.
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statesone world news - Great Fire of London 1666 A fire ravishes the city of London
Also known as the Great fire of London, the fire broke out in a bakery and raged for 4 days destroying the houses of most inhabitants of the city.
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01 SEP
statesone world news - Beslan school siege 2004 350 people and children are killed in a massacre in Beslan, North Ossetia
Armed Chechen rebels took over 1000 people including school children at a school. The rebels demanded international recognition of an independent Chechnya. The hostage crisis lasted for 3 days and ended after Russian troops stormed the school.
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statesone world news - Wreck of the RMS Titanic 1985 The Wreck of the sunk ship Titanic is found in the North Atlantic Ocean
A French-American expedition group found the wreck, which sunk on 14 April 1912 on her first voyage from Southampton, UK, to New York City, U.S.
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statesone world news - Pioneer 11 1979 Pioneer 11 makes its closest approach to Saturn
The NASA built space probe was the first probe to encounter Saturn - it flew by the planet at a distance of 13,000 miles (21,000 km). After its flyby, the probe went on a trajectory to go outside the Solar System. All contacts with it were lost a few weeks later.
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statesone world news - The Old Man and the Sea 1952 Life magazine publishes parts of "The Old Man And The Sea"
One of American author Ernest Hemingway’s best-known works, the novel tells the story of an old man and his fishing misadventures. Within a few days of the publication of the excerpt, 5 million copies of the magazine had been sold.
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statesone world news - Passenger pigeon 1914 Passenger Pigeons become extinct
"Martha", the last Passenger Pigeon known to man, died at the Cincinnati Zoo, Cincinnati, Ohio effectively making Passenger Pigeons extinct.
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statesone world news - Nachmanides 1267 Rabbi Moses Ben Nachman establishes a Jewish community in Jerusalem
He was raised, studied, and lived for most of his life in Girona, Catalonia (Spain). He is also considered to be an important figure in the re-establishment of the Jewish community in Jerusalem following its devastation at the hands of the Crusaders in 1099.
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statesone world news - Byzantine Empire 462 Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in the East during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
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31 AUG
statesone world news - Kwangmyŏngsŏng-1 1998 North Korea Announces the Launch of its First Satellite
According to government sources of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the satellite called Kwangmyongsong-1 was successfully launched into lower Earth orbit. Most space agencies around the world, have not been able to confirm whether the launch was successful.
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statesone world news - Azerbaijan independence 1997 Princess of Wales, Diana, Dies in a Car Crash
Diana, the former wife of Charles, the heir apparent to the British Crown, was fatally injured when the driver of her car lost control while speeding away from paparazzi, and crashed in a road tunnel in Paris, France. Diana’s companion Dodi al Fayed and the car’s driver also died as a result of the accident. Her funeral was one of the most watched televised events of the century.
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statesone world news - Estonia–Russia relations 1994 Russian Troops Leave Estonia 3 years after Estonia declared independence from the Soviet Union
USSR had occupied the Baltic country in 1944, during the Second World War. Many Western countries never recognized the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic, which was first established in 1940. Between 1941 and 1944, Nazi Germany occupied the country.
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statesone world news - Federation of Malaya Independence Act 1957 1957 Federation of Malaya Gains Independence
The Federation, now known as Malaysia gained its independence from the British. The Southeast Asian country, which was one of the world's largest producer of rubber, came under British rule in the late 18th century.
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statesone world news - 1881 U.S. National Championships (tennis) 1881 1st US men's single tennis championships (Newport, Rhode Island)
The inaugural U.S. National Championship was a tennis tournament that took place in August 1881 at the Newport Casino, Newport, Rhode Island and in that first year only clubs that were members of the United States National Lawn Tennis Association were permitted to enter.
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statesone world news - Society of California Pioneers 1850 "Society of California Pioneers" organized at Montgomery & Clay Streets
As the oldest organization West of The Mississippi, The Society opened the first library in California, as well as a grand hall for meetings, lectures, and social events. Today The Society operates a public museum and a research library, both housed in one of the iconic Montgomery Barracks Buildings on The Presidio of San Francisco’s historic Main Post.
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statesone world news - Henry VI of England 1422 Henry VI becomes King of England at the age of 9 months
Henry VI (6 December 1421 – 21 May 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453. The only child of Henry V, he succeeded to the English throne at the age of nine months upon his father's death, and succeeded to the French throne on the death of his grandfather Charles VI shortly afterwards.
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30 AUG
statesone world news - Abdul Ahad Mohmand 1999 People in East Timor Vote in a Referendum
The referendum was to decide whether East Timor should get more autonomy within Indonesia or whether independence should be granted. In 1976, East Timor, which had been a Portuguese colony since 1769, was taken over by Indonesia. The referendum, which came on the heels of mass violence in the region during the Indonesian occupation, passed in favor of independence which was finally gained on May 20, 2002.
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statesone world news - Azerbaijan independence 1991 Azerbaijan Declares its Independence
The Central Asian country had been a part of the Soviet Union since 1920. In December 1991, a referendum was held to make the country’s independence from the USSR official.
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statesone world news - Guion Bluford 1983 Guion Stewart Bluford is launched into Space
Bluford, a fighter pilot for the US Air Force and part of the crew of STS-8, the third flight of NASA’s space shuttle Challenger, was the first African-American to go into space.
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statesone world news - Thurgood Marshall 1967 First African-American justice is Appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court
The United States Senate confirmed Thurgood Marshall to the country’s highest court of justice. Marshall was also the first African-American to have held the post of Solicitor General of the United States.
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statesone world news - Moscow–Washington hotline 1963 Telephone hotline Between Washington DC and Moscow is Established
The system of direct communication between the heads of then Soviet Union and now Russia and the United States was set up during the height of the Cold War when the Cuban Missile Crisis almost led the two countries to the brink of an active war. The hotline was used for the first time in 1967 during the 6-day long Arab–Israeli War.
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statesone world news - Jawaharlal Nehru 1928 Jawaharlal Nehru requests independence of India
Code named Izdeliye 501 or First Lightening, the 22 kiloton atomic bomb was detonated at the Semipalatinsk Test Site in Kazakhstan. It is thought that the bomb was a replica of the Fat Man bomb, the plans for which were brought to USSR by spies at the Manhattan project. The US called the Soviet bomb, Joe-1.
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29 AUG
statesone world news - Abdul Ahad Mohmand 1988 Abdul Mohmand becomes the first person from Afghanistan to Visit Space
Mohmand, an Afghan Air Force pilot was a crew member of the Soyuz TM-6, a Soviet spacecraft. He was in space for 9 days, which were spent at the Mir Space Station.
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statesone world news - Meitnerium 1982 Meitnerium is Synthesized for the First time
The radioactive synthetic element with an atomic number of 109 and the symbol Mt was first created at the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research, Darmstadt, Germany. Named after Austrian physicist and discoverer of nuclear fission, Lise Meitner, the element, which is not found naturally, was discovered by a team headed by Peter Armbruster and Gottfried Münzenberg.
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statesone world news - The Beatles' 1966 US tour 1966 Beatles’ Last Commercial Performance
Popular British rock group, the Beatles, played their last live concert in front of a paying public at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, California. The band came together one last time for an unannounced performance in January 1969 on the rooftop of the Apple building in London.
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statesone world news - Soviet atomic bomb project 1949 Soviet Union Tests its First Atomic Bomb
Code named Izdeliye 501 or First Lightening, the 22 kiloton atomic bomb was detonated at the Semipalatinsk Test Site in Kazakhstan. It is thought that the bomb was a replica of the Fat Man bomb, the plans for which were brought to USSR by spies at the Manhattan project. The US called the Soviet bomb, Joe-1.
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statesone world news - Mariner 2 1931 Michael Faraday Discovers Electromagnetic Induction
Michael Faraday experimentally demonstrated that a changing magnetic field can induce a voltage in a conductor. The discovery of electromagnetic induction helped in the creation of electric generators, transformers, and even induction cook tops. An English scientist, Faraday was a prolific researcher and inventor. In addition to discovering electromagnetic induction, he also discovered Benzene and electrolysis. The farad, an International System of Units (SI) measurement of a capacitance – the ability of an object to hold an electric charge was named after Faraday.
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statesone world news - 708 708 Copper coins are minted in Japan for the first time (Traditional Japanese date: August 10, 708)
Code named Izdeliye 501 or First Lightening, the 22 kiloton atomic bomb was detonated at the Semipalatinsk Test Site in Kazakhstan. It is thought that the bomb was a replica of the Fat Man bomb, the plans for which were brought to USSR by spies at the Manhattan project. The US called the Soviet bomb, Joe-1.
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28 AUG
statesone world news - I Have a Dream 1963 Martin Luther King Makes His "I Have a Dream" Speech
Martin Luther King Makes His "I Have a Dream" Speech.
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statesone world news - Evergreen Point Floating Bridge 1963 Evergreen Bridge Opens for Traffic for the First Time
TheThe longest floating bridge in the world, the Evergreen Point Bridge or the Governor Albert D. Rosellini Bridge, is on Route 520 in the state of Washington. It is built on Lake Washington and connects Seattle with the city of Medina. The bridge is 4,750 meters long, half of which is over the water.
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statesone world news - Emmett Till 1955 Emmett Till is Murdered in Mississippi
The 14-year old African-American boy was brutally killed by white men after he was allegedly reported to have flirted with a white woman a day before. Till, who was from Chicago, was visiting family in Money, Mississippi, when he was kidnapped, mutilated, and his body dumped into the river.
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statesone world news - Toyota 1937 Toyota Motor Corporation is Formed
The car company was first founded in 1933 as a subsidiary of the Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, Ltd. The division was headed by Kiichiro Toyoda, the son of the Toyota founder, Sakichi Toyoda.
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statesone world news - Scientific American 1845 First Issue of Scientific American hits the newsstands
First Issue of Scientific American hits the newsstands.
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statesone world news - Odoacer 476 German ruler Flavius Odoacer captures Pavia
Code named Izdeliye 501 or First Lightening, the 22 kiloton atomic bomb was detonated at the Semipalatinsk Test Site in Kazakhstan. It is thought that the bomb was a replica of the Fat Man bomb, the plans for which were brought to USSR by spies at the Manhattan project. The US called the Soviet bomb, Joe-1.
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27 AUG
statesone world news - Barack Obama 2008 Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be nominated by a major political party for President of the United States
Senator Obama was identified as a potential candidate for president of the U.S. after his eloquent speech at the 2004 Democratic National Convention.
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statesone world news - Mars hoax 2003 Mars approaches closest to the Earth since 57,617 BC
The next time the two planets will be this close will be in 2287.
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statesone world news - Moldova Independence 1991 Moldova gains its Independence
The Eastern European country was part of the Soviet Union since August 2, 1940, from parts of Romania and parts of the Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1991, after the dissolution of the USSR, the country gained its independence.
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statesone world news - Military coups in Nigeria 1985 Military coup in Nigeria
General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida took over the government after overthrowing Muhammadu Buhari in a bloodless coup.
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statesone world news - Mariner 2 1962 NASA Launches Mariner 2
Part of NASA’s Mariner program, the unmanned space probe was the first man-made object to flyby another planet – it encountered Venus on December 14, 1962. The space probe made its last contact with scientists on Earth on January 3, 1963.
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statesone world news - 1883 eruption of Krakatoa 1883 Krakatoa, west of Java, explodes with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people
The 1883 eruption of Krakatoa in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) began in the afternoon of Sunday, 26 August 1883 (with origins as early as May of that year), and peaked in the late morning of Monday, 27 August when over 70% of the island and its surrounding archipelago were destroyed as it collapsed into a caldera.
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26 AUG
statesone world news - Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act 1996 US President Bill Clinton signs welfare reform into law, representing major shift in welfare policy
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) is a United States federal law considered to be a major welfare reform.
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statesone world news - Sigmund Jähn 1978 First German to go into Space
Sigmund Jähn, a pilot from the East German Air Force joined the crew of Soyuz 31, a Soviet manned space flight to the Salyut 6 space station.
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statesone world news - Bobby Orr 1971 Fist major contract in Canadian NHL history
Bobby Orr signs a five-year contract with the Boston Bruins worth one million dollars, the first million dollar contract in NHL history.
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statesone world news - First voyage of James Cook 1768 James Cook Sails off on HMS Endeavour
Departing from Plymouth-Dock (Devonport) in August 1768, the expedition crossed the Atlantic, rounded Cape Horn and reached Tahiti in time to observe the transit of Venus.
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statesone world news - South African Border War 1966 Namibian War of Independence Begins
The 24-year long rebellion against the South African government began with an attack by the South African Defence Force on the members of the South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) at Omugulugwombashe. Namibia gained independence on 21 March 1990. Namibians observe Heroes Day annually on August 26.
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statesone world news - Mini Moke 1959 British Motor Corporation introduced the Morris Mini-Minor
Designed by Alec Issigonis it was only 10 ft long but seated 4 passengers.
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statesone world news - Tennis on NBC 1955 First Tennis Match to be Telecast in Color
The Davis Cup match between Australia and the US from the West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills, New York, was telecast on NBC.
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statesone world news - Battle of Crécy 1346 Battle of Crécy
Held in south of Calais in northern France. Edward III's English longbows defeat Philip VI's army, cannons used for first time in battle.
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25 AUG
statesone world news - Voyager 1 2012 First Spacecraft to Enter Interstellar Space
NASA’s Voyager 1, which was launched on September 5, 1977, left the heliosphere – the part of space that is not influenced by our Sun on this day. In February 1990, the spacecraft took the first overview picture of the solar system. It is the most distant man-made object in space.
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statesone world news - Michael Schumacher 1991 Michael Schumacher Makes His Formula One Debut
The German race car champion competed in his first Formula One race in the Belgian Grand Prix at Spa Francorchamps. While he did not win that race, he would go on to win 91 Formula One Grand Prix races.
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statesone world news - United Nations Security Council and the Iraq War 1990 Paris liberated from Nazi occupation (Freedom Tuesday)
The battle to liberate Paris, which had been under Nazi control since 1940, began on August 19, 1944, and ended on this day. The battle was fought between Nazi soldiers and members of the French resistance group, who were helped by the American Armed Forces headed by General George Patton. The Germans provided little resistance and did not carry out Hitler’s orders of razing Paris to the ground. The Nazi Commander of Paris, General Dietrich Von Choltitz surrendered to the French and American troops. On August 26, General Charles de Gaulle entered Paris and headed a liberation march on the Champs d’Elysees before declaring the Provisional Government of the French Republic.
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statesone world news - Liberation of Paris 1944 Paris liberated from Nazi occupation (Freedom Tuesday)
The battle to liberate Paris, which had been under Nazi control since 1940, began on August 19, 1944, and ended on this day. The battle was fought between Nazi soldiers and members of the French resistance group, who were helped by the American Armed Forces headed by General George Patton. The Germans provided little resistance and did not carry out Hitler’s orders of razing Paris to the ground. The Nazi Commander of Paris, General Dietrich Von Choltitz surrendered to the French and American troops. On August 26, General Charles de Gaulle entered Paris and headed a liberation march on the Champs d’Elysees before declaring the Provisional Government of the French Republic.
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statesone world news - NATO 1894 Japanese scientist Shibasaburo Kitasato discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet
Cornelius Swartwout, a Troy, New York resident invented and received the patent for the waffle iron, a device used to cook waffles. His design for the waffle iron included two plates of iron connected together with hinges. Users could pour waffle batter on one plate and place the other plate on top and cook the batter over an open fire or on a wood-burning oven. This day is often celebrated as National Waffle Day in the United States.
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statesone world news - NATO 1825 Uruguay Declares Independence from the Brazilian Empire
The Empire consisted of present-day Brazil and Uruguay and had declared its independence from Portugal in 1822. Despite the declaration of independence, Uruguay's independence was not recognized by the Empire until August 1928, when the Treaty of Montevideo was signed.
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statesone world news - Burning of Washington 1718 Hundreds of French colonists arrive in Louisiana; New Orleans founded
New Orleans was founded in 1718 by the French as Nouvelle-Orléans, under the direction of Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville.
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statesone world news - Galileo Galilei 1609 Galileo demonstrates his 1st telescope to Venetian lawmakers
A year after the demonstration, he published Starry Messenger, which described his finding - made with his new telescope - that Venus and the moons of Jupiter have phases, like the Moon.
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24 AUG
statesone world news - Pluto 2006 Pluto is Declassified as a Planet
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) declassified Pluto as a planet and classified it as a dwarf planet. According to the IAU definition, a dwarf planet is neither a planet or a natural satellite. It is ‘a celestial object orbiting a star that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity but has not cleared its orbit of space debris’. Discovered in 1930 by American astronomer Clyde Tombaugh, Pluto is the largest but second-most massive dwarf planet in our solar system. The most massive dwarf planet orbiting our sun is Eris.
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statesone world news - Earthrise 1991 Ukraine gains its independence
The Eastern European country gained independence from the Soviet Union after a failed coup to remove Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev. The country’s parliament, the Verkhovna Rada, passed the Act of Declaration of Independence of Ukraine and put the decision out to the public as a referendum. August 24 is celebrated each year as Independence Day in Ukraine.
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statesone world news - Canopus (nuclear test) 1968 France becomes the world's fifth thermonuclear power with a detonation on Mururoa Atoll in the South Pacific
"Canopus" was the code name for France's first two-stage thermonuclear test, conducted on August 24, 1968 at Fangataufa atoll. The test made France the fifth country to test a thermonuclear device after the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and China.
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statesone world news - NATO 1869 The Waffle Iron is Patented in the United States
Cornelius Swartwout, a Troy, New York resident invented and received the patent for the waffle iron, a device used to cook waffles. His design for the waffle iron included two plates of iron connected together with hinges. Users could pour waffle batter on one plate and place the other plate on top and cook the batter over an open fire or on a wood-burning oven. This day is often celebrated as National Waffle Day in the United States.
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statesone world news - Burning of Washington 1814 British forces capture Washington, D.C. and destroy many landmarks (War of 1812)
Harry D. Weed of New York was awarded a patent for snow chains by the United States Patent Office. Snow chains are attached to tires of vehicles to improve their traction on snowy and icy roads.
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statesone world news - St. Bartholomew's Day massacre 1572 St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of Protestants by Roman Catholics begins in Paris and later spreads to the French provinces
The St. Bartholomew's Day massacre in 1572 was a targeted group of assassinations and a wave of Catholic mob violence, directed against the Huguenots (French Calvinist Protestants) during the French Wars of Religion. The massacre began in the night of 23–24 August 1572.
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23 AUG
statesone world news - Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic 1990 Armenia Declares Independence From the Soviet Union
The Western Asian country had been part of the USSR since 1922. Until 1936, the country was part of the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (TSFSR), along with Azerbaijan and Georgia. In 1936, the TSFSR was broken up and Armenia was renamed the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic. The country declared itself independent of the USSR on the 23rd of August, 1990, and finally achieved independence a year later on September 21, 1991.
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statesone world news - Earthrise 1966 First Photograph of the Earth Taken From the Orbit of the Moon
NASA’s Lunar Orbiter 1 was the first American unmanned spacecraft to orbit the Moon. Taking black and white pictures of the Earth was not the Orbiter’s main task. Its primary task was to scope out landing sites on the Moon for future spacecrafts.
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statesone world news - Romania in World War II 1944 Romania Switches Sides in World War II
A coup in the Southeast European country moved its allegiance from the Axis powers to the Allies during the Second World War. In the early years of WW II, Romania had tried to remain neutral but in 1940, due to external pressures, the country joined Nazi Germany and the Axis powers. On this day, King Michael I removed the government of Ion Antonescu and declared Romanian support to the Allies. Some experts believe that by switching sides Romania helped shorten the war by several months.
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statesone world news - Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact 1939 Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact is signed
The German foreign minister, Joachim von Ribbentrop, and the Soviet foreign minister, Vyacheslav Molotov signed a non-agression pact in Moscow. The pact stipulated that the USSR would not get involved in a war in Europe.
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statesone world news - Snow chains 1904 Snow Chains Patented
Harry D. Weed of New York was awarded a patent for snow chains by the United States Patent Office. Snow chains are attached to tires of vehicles to improve their traction on snowy and icy roads.
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statesone world news - Eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 79 Mount Vesuvius begins stirring, on feast day of Vulcan, Roman god of fire (goes on to destroy Pompeii)
The First Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field, held in 1864, is the first of four treaties of the Geneva Conventions. It defines "the basis on which rest the rules of international law for the protection of the victims of armed conflicts.
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22 AUG
statesone world news - List of space travelers by nationality 1963 First Person to Enter Space Twice
The record was set by Joseph A. Walker, a United States Air Force Captain, and a fighter pilot while flying the X-15, an experimental hypersonic rocket-powered aircraft. The X-15 was a joint venture between the US Air Force and the NASA. Not only did Walker became the first person to enter space twice, he also was the first person to take a spaceflight to an altitude of 67 miles (108 kilometers) in the 12-minute long flight.
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statesone world news - Jean Bastien-Thiry 1962 France’s President Charles De Gaulle Survives an Assasination Attempt
The Organisation de l'armée secrète (OAS), a French far-right organization tried to machine gun Charles De Gaulle while he was riding to the airport with his wife. The assassination attempt was led by Jean-Marie Bastien-Thiry, an officer in the French Air Force. Bastien-Thiry and the OAS were unhappy about De Gaulle’s role in allowing Algeria’s independence. It is thought that the car De Gaulle was riding in, a Citroen DS 19, was partially responsible for saving his and his wife’s life. After being caught, Bastien-Thiry was the last person in France to be executed by a firing squad.
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statesone world news - Michael Collins (Irish leader) 1922 Irish Politician Michael Collins is Assassinated
A member and leader of Sinn Fein, a political party that advocated complete Irish independence from Britain, Collins was shot dead in an ambush. This was only a few months after he had been appointed as the Finance Minister of the Irish Free State.
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statesone world news - America's Cup 1851 The First America’s Cup is held
The cup is awarded to the winner of a race between sailing yachts. Thought to be the oldest international sporting trophy to be still awarded today the cup’s name was changed from Hundred Guinea Cup to America’s Cup after the name of the yacht that won the first race on this day. Led by Commodore John Cox Stevens, America participated in a 53 nautical mile race around the Isle of Wight in England.
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statesone world news - James Cook 1779 James Cook Lands on Possession Island
British explorer James Cook reached the island, which is off the northern coast of Queensland Australia, 2 years after he had set sail on the HMS Endeavour from Plymouth. James Cook named the area New South Wales and claimed it for the British Crown.
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statesone world news - First Geneva Convention 1864 First Geneva Convention
The First Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field, held in 1864, is the first of four treaties of the Geneva Conventions. It defines "the basis on which rest the rules of international law for the protection of the victims of armed conflicts.
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21 AUG
statesone world news - 2000 PGA Championship 2000 82nd PGA Championship: Tiger Woods become the first golfer since Ben Hogan in 1953 to win 3 majors in a calendar year
He tied the to-par record for the PGA (-18) with Bob May, and won in a playoff
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statesone world news - Mars Observer 1993 NASA loses communication with the Mars Observer almost a year after its launch
The robotic space probe was tasked with exploring and studying the Red Planet.
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statesone world news - On the Restoration of Independence of the Republic of Latvia 1991 Latvia gains full independence from the Soviet Union
Founded in 1918, the Republic of Latvia was fully incorporated as a Soviet republic after the Second World War. Independence for the Baltic state was achieved after a peaceful revolution known as the Singing Revolution, which began in Estonia.
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statesone world news - Limnic eruption 1986 Limnic eruption in Lake Nyos in Cameroon kills about 1700 people
A high amount of carbon dioxide was released by the underwater volcanic eruption.
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statesone world news - Hawaii 1959 Hawaii becomes the 50th US state
Hawaii is the only U.S. state located outside North America.
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statesone world news - Vincenzo Peruggia 1911 The Mona Lisa is stolen
The famed Leonardo da Vinci painting was stolen by a Louvre employee. It was recovered 2 years later in Italy.
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statesone world news - Ransom Eli Olds 1879 Oldsmobile is founded by Ransom Eli Olds of Olds Motor Works
The popular brand of car was first manufactured in Lansing, Michigan. The company was purchased by GM in 1908 and closed its doors in 2004.
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20 AUG
statesone world news - Oslo Accords 1993 Oslo accords negotiations conclude
The negotiations for the Oslo Accords were concluded at the Fafo Institute in Oslo. The agreement was between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization. The accords, that were eventually signed in Washington D.C. set up the Palestinian Authority and gave it governing powers over the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
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statesone world news - Iran–Iraq War 1988 The Iran-Iraq War comes to an end after 7 years
The deadly conventional war between the two Middle Eastern countries began when Iraq invaded Iran on September 22, 1980.
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statesone world news - Viking 1 1975 Viking 1 is launched by NASA using a Titan launch vehicle
It became the first space probe to successfully land on Mars.
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statesone world news - Mali Federation 1960 Senegal withdraws from the Mali Federation
Senegal withdrew from the Mali Federation, a year after its establishment. Léopold Senghor became the first president of Senegal a month later.
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statesone world news - Leon Trotsky 1940 Leon Trotsky is attacked in Mexico
Syncom 3, a communications satellite was launched from Cape Canaveral in Florida. A geostationary satellite is a manmade object that follows the Earth’s rotation around its axis. Because of this, it looks like it is not moving in the sky for observers on Earth. Like all geostationary satellites, Syncom 3 was placed in orbit about 22,00 miles from Earth, above the Equator and near the International Date Line. The 1964 Tokyo Olympics were broadcast to the United States with the help of this satellite.
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statesone world news - 1812 Overture 1882 Tchaikovsky's "1812 Overture" opens in Moscow
The Soviet spacecraft carried two dogs, Strelka and Belka, who became the first living beings to survive in space.
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statesone world news - Conclusion of the American Civil War 1866 President Andrew Johnson formally declares US Civil War over
The Central Asian country came under British control in 1859, The country was considered to be a buffer for the British trade in opium and as a frontier to protect their interests in India. Despite trying several times to consolidate their rule over Afghanistan, the Afghan people remained hostile to British control and in 1919, King Amanullah declared Afghanistan to be independent from Britain’s protection. The declaration launched a war called the Third Anglo-Afghan War, which ended with the signing of the Rawalpindi Treaty on this day. The treaty granted Afghanistan independence from the British.
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19 AUG
statesone world news - Crown Heights riot 1991 Race riots break out in the Crown Heights area of New York city
The violent race riots broke out between African-American and Orthodox Jewish residents of Crown Heights after 2 children were accidentally run down by the motorcade of Menachem Mendel Schneerson, a leader of the Orthodox Jews. This resulted in a 3-day long riot that ended in the death of 2 men and several injuries.
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statesone world news - Iran–Iraq War 1988 Iran-Iraq begin a cease-fire in their 8-year-old war (11 PM EDT)
The highly controversial novel written by Russian-American novelist Vladimir Nabakov detailed an adult man’s obsession over 12-year-old Dolores Haze, who he secretly calls Lolita.
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statesone world news - The Beatles in Hamburg 1978 A fire at the Rex Cinema in Abadan, Iran, kills over 400 people
The incident which is considered to be a run-up to the Iranian Revolution occurred during the screening of The Deers, a film by Iranian director Masoud Kimiai. It is thought that 4 extremists locked the gates of the theater and set it on fire. Many people at the time believed that the fire was started by SAVAK, the Iranian intelligence agency.
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statesone world news - 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt 1991 Conservative members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union attempt to depose Mikhail Gorbachev in a coup d'état
This action by the Tennessee legislature brought the number of states passing the 19th amendment to 36 and provided the necessary majority to ratify the amendment, which extended universal suffrage to women.
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statesone world news - Syncom 1964 World’s First Geostationary Satellite is Launched
Syncom 3, a communications satellite was launched from Cape Canaveral in Florida. A geostationary satellite is a manmade object that follows the Earth’s rotation around its axis. Because of this, it looks like it is not moving in the sky for observers on Earth. Like all geostationary satellites, Syncom 3 was placed in orbit about 22,00 miles from Earth, above the Equator and near the International Date Line. The 1964 Tokyo Olympics were broadcast to the United States with the help of this satellite.
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statesone world news - Korabl-Sputnik 5 1960 Sputnik 5 is launched by USSR
The Soviet spacecraft carried two dogs, Strelka and Belka, who became the first living beings to survive in space.
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statesone world news - Afghan Independence Day 1919 Afghanistan Gains Independence From the United Kingdom
The Central Asian country came under British control in 1859, The country was considered to be a buffer for the British trade in opium and as a frontier to protect their interests in India. Despite trying several times to consolidate their rule over Afghanistan, the Afghan people remained hostile to British control and in 1919, King Amanullah declared Afghanistan to be independent from Britain’s protection. The declaration launched a war called the Third Anglo-Afghan War, which ended with the signing of the Rawalpindi Treaty on this day. The treaty granted Afghanistan independence from the British.
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18 AUG
statesone world news - 2005 Java–Bali blackout 2005 Indonesia suffers a Massive Power Outage
Thought to be one of the biggest power outages in recent history, the Java-Bali outage affected about 100 million people. Electricity was restored to most areas within 6 hours.
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statesone world news - The Beatles in Hamburg 1960 The Beatles give their 1st public performance at the Kaiserkeller in Hamburg
The highly controversial novel written by Russian-American novelist Vladimir Nabakov detailed an adult man’s obsession over 12-year-old Dolores Haze, who he secretly calls Lolita.
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statesone world news - Lolita 1958 Lolita is First Published in the US
The highly controversial novel written by Russian-American novelist Vladimir Nabakov detailed an adult man’s obsession over 12-year-old Dolores Haze, who he secretly calls Lolita.
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statesone world news - Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution 1920 The State of Tennessee Passes the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution
This action by the Tennessee legislature brought the number of states passing the 19th amendment to 36 and provided the necessary majority to ratify the amendment, which extended universal suffrage to women.
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statesone world news - Moons of Mars 1877 Martian Moon Phobos is Discovered
One of the two natural satellites of Mars, Phobos, was discovered by American astronomer Asaph Hall. Hall also discovered Deimos, the other Martian Moon. Named after the Greek God of fear, Phobos orbits only 3700 miles from the surface of Mars, making it the Moon to orbit closest to its planet in the Solar System. Because of this, Phobos completes an orbit around Mars in 7 hours and 39 minutes.
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statesone world news - Pendle witches 1612 The Pendle witch trials begin
11 people - 9 women and 2 men - are tried for practising witch craft in one of UK's most well documented and followed witch trials. The trial lasts for two days and 10 of the accused are found guilty and executed on August 20.
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statesone world news - History of Riga 1201 The city of Riga is founded
UNESCO has declared Riga's historical center a World Heritage site in recognition of its Art Nouveau architecture, widely considered the greatest collection in Europe, and for its 19th-century buildings in wood.
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17 AUG
statesone world news - 2005 Java–Bali blackout 2008 Michael Phelps Earns his 8th Gold Medal in the 2008 Olympics
The American champion swimmer won the medal in the 4×100-meter medley relay race in the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics. With this medal, he broke the record for the most gold medals won by a person in a single Olympic games, a record previously held by American swimmer Mark Spitz.
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statesone world news - Maxie Anderson 1978 Ben Abruzzo, Maxie Anderson, and Larry Newman become the first people to complete the world's First Transatlantic Balloon Flight
The feat was accomplished in a balloon called the Double Eagle II. It took Abruzzo, Anderson, and Newman 6 days to fly from Preque Isle, Maine to a barley field near Paris.
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statesone world news - Venera 7 1970 Venera 7 launched by the Soviet Union
Launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Venera 7 became the first spacecraft to land on another planet, Venus, and send data back to Earth. It entered Venus’ atmosphere in December 1970.
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statesone world news - Moons of Mars 1960 Gabon gains independence from the French
France had occupied Gabon since the latter part of the 1800's. In 1910, the Equatorial country was added to French Equatorial Africa, a federation of France's Central African colonies. From 1934 to 1958, French Equatorial Africa was considered by France as an unified colony.
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statesone world news - Division of Korea 1945 Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel
The division of Korea between North and South Korea was the result of the Allied victory in World War II in 1945, ending the Empire of Japan's 35-year rule of Korea. The United States and the Soviet Union occupied the country, with the boundary between their zones of control along the 38th parallel.
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16 AUG
statesone world news - Harmonic Convergence 1987 First Day of Harmonic Convergence
The largest worldwide meditation event lasted for 2 days and was organized by new-age author José Argüelles. The dates for the event were chosen because of their astrological significance – on these days the Sun, the Moon and 6 of the planets were aligned in a triangular position as seen from the Earth.
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statesone world news - British Cyprus 1960 Cyprus Attains Freedom From the British
The mediterranean island country first came under British control in the early 20th century as a strategic British outpost. In 1925, it was formally added to the British Empire. the London and Zurich Agreements signed in February 1959 gave independence to Cyprus and set up a system of governance based on ethnicity.
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statesone world news - Sports Illustrated 1954 First Issue of Sports Illustrated Hits the Newsstands
The sports magazine which is famous for its annual swimsuit issue was not profitable for the first few years of its existence. The boost in spectator sports eventually helped it become successful.
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statesone world news - Loop the Loop (Olentangy Park) 1898 Patent for Loop-the-Loop Roller Coaster is Awarded
The United States’ patent office awarded the patent for the loop-the-loop roller coaster to American inventor Edwin Prescott. First installed in Coney Island, New York, the roller coaster was able to carry only 4 people at a time.
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statesone world news - Transatlantic telegraph cable 1858 The First Transatlantic Telegraph Message is sent
The message sent by Britain’s Queen Victoria to American President James Buchanan, read ‘Europe and America are united by telegraphic communication. Glory to God in the highest, on earth peace, goodwill to men.’ The cable, which cut down the time of communication between the two continents was successful only for a few months. Technical difficulties led to the cable being closed in October of 1858.
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15 AUG
statesone world news - Time in North Korea 2015 North Korea Introduces Pyongyang Time
The East Asian country introduced the time change to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the end of the Japanese occupation of Korea. Before the change, North Korea was UTC+09:00. Since this day, the time in the country is UTC+08:30.
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statesone world news - 1973 in the Vietnam War 1973 US involvement in Vietnam ends
The Case–Church Amendment passed by the US Congress set August 15 as the deadline for the end of the US military involvement in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. Because of this, the US ended all military offensives in Vietnam on this day.
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statesone world news - Woodstock 1969 The Woodstock Music & Art Fair opens its doors to participants and spectators
The iconic music festival, popularly known as Woodstock was held in Bethel, New York at the 600-acre farm of farmer Max B. Yasgur. Over 400,000 people attended the festival, which is often thought to be a key moment in the anti-establishment movement that was gaining popularity in the United States.
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statesone world news - Republic of the Congo 1960 Republic of the Congo gains its Independence
The Central African country came under French control in the late 19th century. In the early 20th century, the French consolidated their territories in Central Africa to create the French Equatorial Africa, with Brazzaville as its capital. During the Second World War, when the Nazis occupied France, Brazzaville acted as the temporary capital of Free France. After violent protests and riots, the country became independent with Fulbert Youlou as its first President.
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statesone world news - Indian independence movement 1947 India Becomes Independent From British Rule
British control of the South Asian country began in mid 1800s with the East India Company. The company initially established itself in the subcontinent for trading purposes, and then slowly took control over the princely states that separately ruled the country. A violent rebellion in 1857 prompted the British Crown to take over direct rule of India. The time between then and independence in 1945 was marked by violent and nonviolent movements targeted towards gaining independent rule. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a key figure in the nonviolent civil disobedience movement against the British. Independence came with the country being partitioned into India and Pakistan. Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India, while Liaquat Ali Khan became the first Prime Minister of Pakistan.
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14 AUG
statesone world news - 2010 Summer Youth Olympics 2010 The First Youth Olympics Begins
The Olympic-style games meet was organized by the International Olympic Committee and was held in Singapore. Like the games, the Youth Olympics are held every 4 years and have both summer and winter versions. The first Winter Youth Olympics were held in Innsbruck, Austria in January 2012. Only athletes aged 14 to 18 years are allowed to compete in these games.
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statesone world news - Stanford prison experiment 1971 Stanford prison experiments begin
The controversial Stanford prison experiments to study the effects of authority in a prison setting began. The experiment had to be shut down by the 6th day because of the adverse effect on the subjects.
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statesone world news - Independence Day (Pakistan) 1947 Pakistan becomes Independent from British rule
The South Asian country was part of British India Empire, until August 14, 1947, when the region held by the British was partitioned into India and Pakistan. The new country became a part of the commonwealth and appointed Liaquat Ali Khan as its first Prime Minister.
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statesone world news - Social Security Act 1935 Social Security Act is Signed into Law in the United States
The act, which was signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, provided benefits to the unemployed, retirees, and the disabled.
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statesone world news - Siege of Ulsan 1904 Battle of Ulsan begins
Also known as the Battle of the Japanese Sea, the conflict took place between Russia and Japan during the Russo-Japanese War.
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13 AUG
statesone world news - South Park 1997 South Park Makes its Debut on Comedy Central
The popular American animated series is created by Trey Parker and Matt Stone, and it follows the lives and adventures of 4 boys – Eric Cartman, Kenny McCormick, Kyle Broflovski, and Stan Marsh – in a fictional town called South Park, Colorado. While being popular, the show has attracted widespread criticism for profane language and for addressing controversial subjects.
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statesone world news - Berlin Wall 1961 Construction of Berlin Wall starts
The construction on the Berlin Wall, a wall that divided West Berlin from East Berlin started. It was built by the German Democratic Republic or East Germany.
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statesone world news - Sabra and Shatila massacre 1960 First Two-Way Telephonic Conversation With a Satellite
The conversation was made possible due to NASA’s Echo 1, a balloon satellite. It was launched into space on August 12. The satellite worked as reflector – signals sent to it were reflected back to the Earth.
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statesone world news - Central African Republic 1960 Central African Republic Gains its Independence From France
The landlocked African Country came under French rule in the late 19th century. On this day, Barthélemy Boganda, a nationalist politician declared the creation of an independent Central African Republic and became the first Prime Minister of the country.
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statesone world news - Women in the United States Marines 1918 First Woman enlists in the United States Marines
After joining the Marine corps, Opha May Johnson, was assigned desk duty at the Marine Corps headquarters in Arlington, Virginia.
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12 AUG
statesone world news - Sue (dinosaur) 1990 The largest dinosaur fossil is found
American palaeontologist Sue Hendrickson found the fossilised remains of a Tyrannosaurus rex in the state of South Dakota. Sue, as the dinosaur are now informally called after its discoverer, is thought to have been 14 feet tall when alive.
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statesone world news - IBM Personal Computer 1981 The IBM Personal Computer is stocked in stores for the first time
Known as the IBM PC or the IBM 5150, the computer had no disk drives and sold for about $1500.
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statesone world news - Sabra and Shatila massacre 1976 About 3500 refugees are killed during a massacre at a Palestinian refugee camp
The UN-run Tel al-Zaatar Palestinian refugee camp in the outskirts of Beirut, Lebanon had been sieged by members of a right-wing extremist group called the Phalange during the Lebanese civil war.
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statesone world news - Natura Artis Magistra 1883 The last quagga dies in captivity at the Natura Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam
A native of South Africa, quaggas were a kind of zebra that had stripes only in the front part of their bodies. They were driven into extinction through human activity and excessive hunting for their skin and meat.
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statesone world news - Asaph Hall 1877 Mars' moon Deimos is discovered by American astronomer Asaph Hall
The discovery took place at the United States Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C. Deimos is one of two natural satellites of Mars. The other moon, Phobos was also discovered by Hall and is the bigger satellite of the two. Phobos is also closer to Mars than Deimos is.
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11 AUG
statesone world news - Yuri Malenchenko 1999 Last Total Solar Eclipse of the Millennium
The eclipse was visible from Europe, most of Asia and Africa and in parts of North America. Because of its path through heavily populated parts of the world, the solar eclipse is thought to be one of the most viewed eclipses in recorded history.
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statesone world news - Mall of America 1992 Mall of America Opens its Doors to Shoppers
Located in in Bloomington, Minnesota, the mall is the largest shopping Mall in the United States. Spanning 4,870,000 sq ft, it has an indoor theme park and attracts about 40 million visitors each year.
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statesone world news - Soviet space program 1962 The Soviet Space Agency Launches Vostok 3
The spacecraft was piloted by Andriyan Nikolayev, the first cosmonaut to have orbited the Earth 64 times in 4 days.
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statesone world news - French Chad 1960 Chad gains its independence from the French
The Central African country came under French rule in 1900 after the Battle of Kousséri. Francois Tombalbay became indpendent Chad's first president.
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statesone world news - 1948 Summer Olympics 1948 The first Olympic Games after the 1938 Berlin Olympics open in London
The next two games after Berlin, scheduled to be held in Tokyo and Helsinki were cancelled due to the Second World War. The first Olympics to be broadcast on television, the London Olympics was popularly known at the time as the Austerity Games. This was because of the cutbacks the host nation had to do due to the post-war economy.
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10 AUG
statesone world news - Yuri Malenchenko 2003 The First Person to Get Married While in Space
Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko was on the International Space Station when he married Ekaterina Dmitrieva, who was located in Texas at the time of the wedding. The wedding took place through a NASA satellite hookup.
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statesone world news - 2001 Angola train attack 2001 An attack on a train during the Angolan Civi War kills about 250 people
Rebels from the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) in Angola derailed a train using an anti-tank mine and opened fire on the passengers.
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statesone world news - Magellan (spacecraft) 1990 Magellan Space Probe is Inserted in Orbit Around Venus
The first spacecraft to be launched by a space shuttle, Magellan was a robotic space probe that spent 8 months gathering data about the surface of the planet also known as Earth's twin. The probe was launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida on May 4, 1989, when Space Shuttle Atlantis took it to low Earth orbit and released it.
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statesone world news - Battle of Narva (1944) 1944 Battle of Narva ends
The 8-day long battle was fought between the German Army and the Soviet Leningrad Front for the control of the Narva Isthmus in Estonia during the Second World War. The battle ended with decisive German victory.
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statesone world news - Royal Observatory, Greenwich 1675 The foundation stone for the Royal Observatory, Greenwich is laid
Commissioned by King Charles II of England, the Royal Observatory started operating in 1676 under the supervision of John Flamsteed, the first British Astronomer Royal. The observatory is famous around the world because it location marks the Prime Meridian passes through it.
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09 AUG
statesone world news - 8888 Uprising 1965 Singapore Leaves Malaysia
The Southeast Asian Island country had joined a Malaysian Federation in 1963 as part of the Malaysia Agreement. In 1965, due to disagreements between leaders of the other members of the federation and Singaporean leaders and race tensions, the Malaysian parliament decided to expel Singapore from the Federation. The country reluctantly became independent on August 9 under the leadership of Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew.
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statesone world news - Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki 1945 An Atomic Bomb is dropped on the Japanese city of Nagasaki
The 37th President of the United States, Richard Nixon’s resignation came as a response to the Watergate Scandal. The scandal erupted after it was revealed that the Nixon government was involved in the cover-up of a break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Complex. The revelations prompted the Congress to initiate impeachment proceedings against Nixon. His resignation made him the first president in American history to resign while in office.
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statesone world news - Quit India Movement 1942 "Quit India" Movement Begins in India
The civil disobedience movement against the British colonists was spearheaded by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi had called for peaceful protests in a speech a day earlier at the Gowalia Tank Maidan, Mumbai. In the speech, he made a call of “do or die” and asked his followers to adopt nonviolence when interacting with the British. The movement began with the British imprisoning the Congress Party leadership, including Gandhi. The British ruled India from 1858, when the British Crown took over control of the country from the British East India Company. India gained its independence on August 15, 1947.
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statesone world news - ASEAN 1930 Betty Boop Makes Her Debut
The animated cartoon character made her first appearance in the cartoon, Dizzy Dishes. Thought to be modeled after singer Helen Kane, Betty was shown as a woman with an exaggerated body and a child-like face. Created by animator Max Fleischer, she is one of most recognizable cartoon characters in the world.
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statesone world news - Walden 1854 Henry David Thoreau Publishes Walden
An American transcendentalist, Thoreau wrote the book in a span of just over two years while residing near Walden Pond, a lake in Concord Massachusetts. The book, which is also known as Walden; or, Life in the Woods is about his time living near the lake and is a reflection on living a life of simplicity and austerity.
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08 AUG
statesone world news - 8888 Uprising 1988 8888 Uprising in Myanmar Begins
The pro-democracy uprising began as a student protest in Burma’s capital city, Yangon. Hundreds and thousands protesters came out on the streets to protest against the one-party rule by General Ne Win. The protests lasted for over a month and were violently put down by the government. They ended after the State Peace and Development Council, a group of senior military officers took over the government in a coup and installed a military junta. The uprisings get their name from the date the protests began - August 8, 1988.
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statesone world news - Richard Nixon 1974 Nixon Announces His Resignation
The 37th President of the United States, Richard Nixon’s resignation came as a response to the Watergate Scandal. The scandal erupted after it was revealed that the Nixon government was involved in the cover-up of a break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Complex. The revelations prompted the Congress to initiate impeachment proceedings against Nixon. His resignation made him the first president in American history to resign while in office.
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statesone world news - Iain Macmillan 1967 Photographer Iain Macmillan Takes an Iconic Photograph of the Beatles
One of the most recognizable images of the 20th century, the photograph was taken in the middle of Abbey Road in London and showed all the members of the popular rock band, The Beatles crossing the road on a zebra crossing. The photograph was used as a cover for their 11th album, Abbey Road.
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statesone world news - ASEAN 1974 ASEAN is Founded
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is an economic and political organization which was formed after the heads of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand signed the Bangkok Declaration. The purpose of the organization is to promote regional peace and stability and encourage economic development in the region. Today, ASEAN has 10 member states.
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statesone world news - Wright brothers 1908 Wright Brothers Publicly Show Off Their Flying Machine For the First Time
The human air flight pioneers displayed their flying machine and its capabilities at a racecourse at Le Mans, France, 5 years after they made their first successful flight in 1903. The flight piloted by Wilbur lasted only 1 minute and 45 seconds captured the imagination of their audiences, and silenced their critics and doubters.
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07 AUG
statesone world news - 2008 Mauritanian coup d'état 2008 War Between Russia and Georgia Breaks Out
The conflict began over South Ossetia and Abkhazia, two breakaway regions of Georgia. When the two provinces broke away from Georgia in the early 1990s and most of the international community did not recognize their independence. Russia on the other hand, backed them and placed peacekeeping forces in the two regions. In 2008, tensions escalated between the two countries after Russia moved a large number of troops in the area. The war ended with Russian victory and with Georgia losing parts of South Ossetia and Abkhazia to Russia.
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statesone world news - 1998 United States embassy bombings 1998 Coordinated bomb attacks in American embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Nairobi, Kenya kill over 200 people
The Caribbean island country was first colonized by the Spanish in the early 16th century. In 1655, the British invaded Spanish Jamaica and made it a colony after the Spanish surrendered. Jamaica soon became one of the most profitable colonies of the British Empire, especially after sugarcane was brought to the island by the English. The Jamaica Independence Act of July 1962, which was a result of anti-colonial sentiments that were spreading throughout the globe, gave Jamaica full independence by leaving the Federation of the West Indies.
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statesone world news - Purple Heart 1982 George Washington Institutes the Purple Heart
Then known as the Badge of Military Merit, the Purple Heart is a military decoration. In 1932, on the 200th birth anniversary of Washington, it was decided that the award would given to those wounded or killed while serving in the United States Armed Forces as a result of enemy action on or after April 5, 1917. August 7 is annually observed as Purple Heart Day in the United States.
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statesone world news - Philippe Petit 1974 Daredevil Walks a High Wire Between Twin Towers of the World Trade Center
French high-wire artist Philippe Petit, who was 24 years old at the time, walked 8 times across a high wire between the two towers in 45 minutes. The high wire was was 1,350 feet from the ground.
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statesone world news - History of Ivory Coast (1960–99) 1960 Côte d'Ivoire gains Independence
The West African country known as Côte d'Ivoire gained its independence from France after being a member of the French Community for 2 years. Ivory Coast became a French Colony in 1893 under the leadership of explorer Louis Gustave Binger. Felix Houphouet-Boigny became the first president of the independent country and remained in office until his death in 1993.
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06 AUG
statesone world news - 2008 Mauritanian coup d'état 2008 General Abdel Aziz sworn in as President of Mauritania
General Abdel Aziz, who came to power in a coup in 2008, was sworn in as the President of Mauritania after elections in 2009.
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statesone world news - Jamaican Independence 1962 Jamaican Independence
The Caribbean island country was first colonized by the Spanish in the early 16th century. In 1655, the British invaded Spanish Jamaica and made it a colony after the Spanish surrendered. Jamaica soon became one of the most profitable colonies of the British Empire, especially after sugarcane was brought to the island by the English. The Jamaica Independence Act of July 1962, which was a result of anti-colonial sentiments that were spreading throughout the globe, gave Jamaica full independence by leaving the Federation of the West Indies.
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statesone world news - Voting Rights Act of 1965 1956 Voting Rights Act Becomes Law in the United States
President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the act, which prohibited any discrimination in voting. The act enforces the 14th and 15th amendments to the US Constitution.
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statesone world news - Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki 1945 US Bombs Hiroshima
In the first of the only two times nuclear weapons have been used in warfare, the United States dropped a nuclear bomb, nicknamed Little Boy on the industrial city of Hiroshima in Japan. Over 150,000 people were estimated killed by the resulting explosion. Japan had joined the Second World War in December 1941 on the side of the Axis powers. After the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings 3 days later on August 9, Japan surrendered to the Allies and ended the Pacific War.
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statesone world news - Gertrude Ederle 1926 First Woman to Swim Across the English Channel
Gertrude Ederle, an American Olympic swimmer swam across the English channel a body of water between England and France, in 14 hours and 34 minutes. Only 5 other people, all men, had swum across the channel before Ederle.
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05 AUG
statesone world news - Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz 2009 General Abdel Aziz sworn in as President of Mauritania
General Abdel Aziz, who came to power in a coup in 2008, was sworn in as the President of Mauritania after elections in 2009.
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statesone world news - Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty 1963 Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty is Signed
Also known as the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, the document was signed by the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States in Moscow. The treaty, which came as a response to the heightening tensions due to the frequent testing of nuclear weapons by the these 3 countries during the Cold War, banned the testing of nuclear weapons anywhere on land, over water or in space. Underground testing was still allowed under the treaty, until it was also banned in 1996 after the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty came into force.
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statesone world news - Nelson Mandela 1962 Nelson Mandela is Arrested
The South African anti-apartheid activist and adherent of nonviolence was arrested by the government at Rivonia, a suburb of Johannesburg. After a year-long trial, Mandela was imprisoned at the infamous Robben Island prison where we spent the next 18 years. He was released from prison in 1990 after spending 28 years as a political prisoner. In the early 1990s, after intense international and domestic pressure, in part from the efforts of Mandela, the South African government started taking steps to end apartheid – a government policy of racial segregation and discrimination. As a result, Mandela was elected the country’s first black president in 1994.
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statesone world news - Timeline of World War I 1960 Burkina Faso gains its Independence
Seen by many as the decision that began the first World War, Britain declared war on Germany after Germany refused to accept its ultimatum of getting out of Belgium.
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statesone world news - Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic 1940 Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic is established
The bloody murders of the two Fall River, Massachusetts residents in their own home gained media and public attention in the United States because their daughter Lizzie Borden was accused of the crime.
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04 AUG
statesone world news - Republic of Upper Volta 1984 The Republic of Upper Volta is Renamed Burkina Faso
The West African country was first created in 1958 as a self-governing French colony. It gained its independence from the French in 1960. Between then and 1983, several coups dotted its political landscape. In 1983, a military coup installed Captain Thomas Sankara as the country's president. He changed the name of the country to Burkina Faso a year later on the coup's anniversary.
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statesone world news - Republic of Upper Volta 1983 The Military Stages a Coup in Upper Volta
A military coup in Upper Volta installed Thomas Sankara, a captain in the Upper Volta Army as its president. A year later, he changed the name of Upper Volta to Burkina Faso.
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statesone world news - Arab Federation 1944 Anne Frank is captured
One of the most well-known figures of the 20th century and a victim of the Holocaust, 14-year old Frank and her family were captured and arrested by the Germans from their hiding place in Amsterdam.
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statesone world news - Timeline of World War I 1914 Britain declares war on Germany
Seen by many as the decision that began the first World War, Britain declared war on Germany after Germany refused to accept its ultimatum of getting out of Belgium.
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statesone world news - Lizzie Borden 1892 Abby and Andrew Borden are murdered
The bloody murders of the two Fall River, Massachusetts residents in their own home gained media and public attention in the United States because their daughter Lizzie Borden was accused of the crime.
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03 AUG
statesone world news - Mahmoud Ahmadinejad 2005 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad takes office in Iran
An engineer and teacher by professional, Ahmadinejad became the 6th president of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
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statesone world news - 2005 Mauritanian coup d'état 2005 Coup in Mauritania
A military coup replaced long-time president Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya. Colonel Ely Ould Mohamed Vall took over the transitional government until elections were held in 2005.
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statesone world news - Arab Federation 1960 Niger gains its independence from France
The West African country became a French colony in the early 20th century. Hamani Diori became the first president of the country.
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statesone world news - Santa Claus Park 1946 World's first theme park opens its doors in in Santa Claus, Indiana, USA
Santa Claus Land is now known as Holiday World & Splashin' Safari.
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statesone world news - Firestone Tire and Rubber Company 1900 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company is founded
The American tire company was founded by Harvey Samuel Firestone in Akron, Ohio. In 1988, the company was taken over by Japan's Bridgestone Corporation.
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02 AUG
statesone world news - Steve Fossett 1998 Second Congo War Begins
The deadliest war in Africa, the war and its aftermath has killed an estimated 5.4 million people. The war started with a mutiny in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and soon involved 9 African nations. It lasted for 5 years.
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statesone world news - Invasion of Kuwait 1990 Invasion of Kuwait begins
In 2 days Iraqi forces had overrun Kuwaiti forces and Saddam Hussein declared Kuwait as the 19th province of Iraq. The invasion lasted for 7 months and ended after a UN-authorized coalition force led by the United States intervened.
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statesone world news - Arab Federation 1958 The Arab Federation is dissolved
The short-lived federation of Jordan and Iraq was dissolved after King Faisal of Iraq was deposed and assasinated during the 14 July Revolution.
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statesone world news - Potsdam Conference 1900 The Potsdam Conference which is convened to negotiate the terms of the end of WW II comes to an end
Representatives from the US, U.K., and Soviet Union participated in the conference.
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statesone world news - History of the London Underground 1870 World's first underground railway opened
The Tower Subway beneath river Thames in London opened its doors for passengers. The subway was closed within a few months because of bankruptcy. The tunnel is now used for utilities.
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01 AUG
statesone world news - MTV 1981 Music Television is launched
The channel, popularly known as MTV was mostly known for showing music videos and for being hosted by Video Jockeys.
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statesone world news - Vigdís Finnbogadóttir 1980 Vigdís Finnbogadóttir takes office in Iceland
The Icelandic politician was the fourth president of Iceland and the world's first democratically elected female head of state. Her 16 years of Presidency also makes her the longest serving female head of state in the world.
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statesone world news - Japan Airlines 1951 Japan Airlines (JAL) is founded
The flagship airlines of Japan, JAL started operating on October 25, 1951.
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statesone world news - 1936 Summer Olympics 1936 The XI Summer Olympics are opened in Berlin by Adolf Hitler
Initially, Jews and people of African descent were to be barred from the games, however, a boycott was threatened by several countries and the German organizers relented. 18 African-American athletes, including James "Jesse" Owens and Matthew "Mack" Robinson, placed well in the track and field events, winning several medals.
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statesone world news - Slavery Abolition Act 1833 1834 Slavery abolished in British Empire
The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 came into force a year after it was passed by the British Parliament. The act was repealed in 1998.
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31 JUL
statesone world news - Ottawa Treaty 1998 The British government bans landmines
The move came after the public pressurized the parliament to pass the Landmines Act.
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statesone world news - Thai Airways International Flight 311 1992 Thai Airways International Flight 311 crashes while approaching Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu, Nepal
All 113 people onboard were killed in the crash.
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statesone world news - START I 1991 US and USSR sign Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty
The treaty, also known as START I, limited the number of nuclear weapons and missiles the signatories could deploy. It came into force in December 1994, and expired 15 years later in 2009.
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statesone world news - 1948 Summer Olympics 1981 First female president of the US National Bar Association is appointed
Arnette R. Hubbard became the first woman to preside over the US National Bar Association, the country's largest group of association of African-American lawyers and judges.
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statesone world news - Battle of Passchendaele 1917 Third Battle of Ypres begins
Also known as the Battle of Passchendaele, the battle was part of World War I and took place between July 31 and November 6 for control of the Belgian city of Ypres.
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statesone world news - NKVD Order No. 00447 1961 Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: execute 193,000 Russians
To execute this order, numerous NKVD troikas were created on republican and various regional levels (krai and oblast).
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30 JUL
statesone world news - Pretoria Accord 2002 Pretoria Accord signed
The Pretoria Accord was signed between the between the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Rwanda as an attempt to end the Second Congo War.
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statesone world news - Jerusalem Law 1980 The Israeli Knesset passes the Jerusalem Law and adds it to Israel's Basic Law
The law declared Jerusalem the unified capital of Israel.
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statesone world news - National Aeronautics and Space Act 1980 Vanuatu gains independence
The Republic of Vanuatu gained independence from France and UK.
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statesone world news - 1948 Summer Olympics 1932 Summer Olympics open in Los Angeles
The tenth Summer Olympics was officially opened by President Ronald Reagan. This was the second time that the city of Los Angeles was hosting the multi-event international sports meet.
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statesone world news - Penguin Books 1935 1st Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution
Penguin revolutionised publishing in the 1930s through its inexpensive paperbacks, sold through Woolworths and other high street stores for sixpence, bringing high-quality paperback fiction and non-fiction to the mass market.
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statesone world news - Arc de Triomphe 1836 The Arc de Triomphe is inaugurated in Paris, France
The famous monument honors those to dies while fighting for France during the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. It was designed by Jean Chalgrin.
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statesone world news - House of Burgesses 1619 House of Burgesses Virginia forms, 1st elective American governing body
The Virginia House of Burgesses was the first legislative assembly of elected representatives in North America. The House was established by the Virginia Company, which created the body as part of an effort to encourage English craftsmen to settle in North America
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29 JUL
statesone world news - Reparations for slavery debate in the United States 2008 United States Congress apologizes for slavery
The U.S. House of Representatives publicly apolgized for the institution of slavery and Jim Crow laws that discriminated against African Americans.
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statesone world news - Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer 1981 Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer
The most talked about wedding of the year was watched on television by millions of people worldwide. The couple were married in St Paul's Cathedral, London, United Kingdom, and divorced 15 years later in 1996.
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statesone world news - National Aeronautics and Space Act 1957 The International Atomic Energy Agency is established
The independent agency aims to ban the use of nuclear energy for military purposes. American W. Sterling Cole served as the agency's first director general.
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statesone world news - 1948 Summer Olympics 1948 The XIV Olympics opened in London, United Kingdom after a 12 year hiatus due to the Second World War
The 1948 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in London, England, United Kingdom. After a 12-year hiatus because of World War II, these were the first Summer Olympics since the 1936 Games in Berlin.
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statesone world news - Arc de Triomphe 1836 The Arc de Triomphe is inaugurated in Paris, France
The famous monument honors those to dies while fighting for France during the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. It was designed by Jean Chalgrin.
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statesone world news - Berlin Blockade 1949 Moscow ends the blockade of West Berlin
The Berlin Blockade (24 June 1948 – 12 May 1949) was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control. The Soviets offered to drop the blockade if the Western Allies withdrew the newly introduced Deutsche mark from West Berlin.
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28 JUL
statesone world news - Provisional Irish Republican Army 2005 IRA Army Council Announces End to Armed Campaign
The "Provisional Irish Republican Army", also known as IRA, announced an end to its armed campaign in the group's effort to free Northern Ireland from United Kingdom's rule.
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statesone world news - 1976 Tangshan earthquake 1958 Tangshan Earthquake
Tangshan Earthquake, 8.2 in magnitude kills over 240,000 Northern China in the largest loss of life from an earthquake in the 20th century.
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statesone world news - National Aeronautics and Space Act 1958 National Aeronautics and Space Act is passed by the US Congress
The act established the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
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statesone world news - 1928 Summer Olympics 1928 IX Summer Olympics open in Amsterdam
For the first time, the Olympic Flame was lit during the Olympics. The torch relay, however, would not occur until the 1936 Summer Olympics.
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statesone world news - July Crisis 1914 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI
The "July Crisis" was a diplomatic crisis among the major powers of Europe in the summer of 1914 that led to World War I.
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statesone world news - Peruvian War of Independence 1821 Peru declares independence
The Peruvian War of Independence against Spain began in 1811 and ended with a declaration of independence under the ladership of José de San Martín.
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statesone world news - French Revolution 1794 French Revolution figure Robespierre & 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris
The Peruvian War of Independence against Spain began in 1811 and ended with a declaration of independence under the ladership of José de San Martín.
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27 JUL
statesone world news - 2012 Summer Olympics 2012 Queen Elizabeth II officially opens the 2012 Summer Olympics in London
It was the 3rd time London had hosted the multi-event international sports event. The ceremony was called Isles of Wonder and was directed by Danny Boyle.
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statesone world news - 1971 Ugandan coup d'état 1985 Coup in Uganda
Tito Lutwa Okello, an Ugandan military officer successfully staged a coup against president Milton Obote. He was ousted by current president Yoweri Museveni 6 months later.
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statesone world news - Austrian State Treaty 1955 Austrian State Treaty came to force
The treaty re-established Austria as a democratic and sovereign country after World War II. It also ended the allied occupation of the country.
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statesone world news - Potsdam Declaration 1940 Bugs Bunny's official debut
Bugs Bunny made his official debut in A Wild Hare.
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statesone world news - Death of Vincent van Gogh 1890 Vincent Van Gogh shoots himeslf
The famed painter, shot himself in the chest. He died of his wounds two days later.
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26 JUL
statesone world news - Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 2007 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 is signed into law
The law banned discrimination based on disability.
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statesone world news - History of the Maldives 1965 Independence of the Maldives
The Indian Ocean Island nation gained independence after 78 years of British rule.
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statesone world news - Geosynchronous satellite 1963 Syncom 2, the world's first geosynchronous communications satellite is launched
Part of NASA's Syncom program, it was responsible for transmitting the first TV signal from a geosynchronous satellite, a manmade satellite whose orbital period around the Earth matches the Earth's rotation.
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statesone world news - Potsdam Declaration 1945 Potsdam Declaration is signed
Also known as the "Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender", the declaration signed by the US, UK and China, detailed the terms of surrender for Japan after World War II.
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statesone world news - History of Liberia 1847 The country of Liberia is founded
This west African state was founded primarily by freed slaves from the United States. The Liberian constitution was based on the US's constitution and the capital, Monrovia, is named after James Monroe, the fifth president of the United States.
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25 JUL
statesone world news - Indian presidential election, 2007 2007 India gets its first female president
Pratibha Patil, a politician stayed in office as the head of state of the South Asian country for 5 years.
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statesone world news - Svetlana Savitskaya 1984 Svetlana Savitskaya becomes the First Woman to Walk in Space
The Soviet cosmonaut was part of the Soyuz T-12 mission, which docked at the Salyut 7 Space station. As part of the mission, she spent 3.5 hours in space testing tools. Savitskaya was also the second woman to go into space and the first to go to space twice.
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statesone world news - Louise Brown 1978 World's first test tube baby is born
Louise Joy Brown was the first person to be conceived using in-vitro fertilization or IVF technology, pioneered by doctors Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards.
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statesone world news - Cydonia (region of Mars) 1976 The famous Face on Mars photo is taken
Viking 1, the first space probe to successfully land on Mars took the famous photo of the Cydonia region on the Red Planet.
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statesone world news - Tunisian independence 1956 Tunisia gains its independence from France
The northernmost African country, became a French protectorate in 1881, under the Treaty of Bardo. The path to independence in the country was marred by civil unrest and conflict and was led by Habib Bourguiba, who became the first president of the independent country.
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24 JUL
statesone world news - Santiago de Compostela derailment 2013 Santiago de Compostela derailment
A high speed train travelling from Alvia high-speed train travelling from Madrid to Ferrol derailed on a curve killing 79 people and injuring over 100.
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statesone world news - Libyan–Egyptian War 1977 Abkhazia declares independence from Georgia
The border war began with thousands of Libyans marching towards Egypt's borders.
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statesone world news - Kitchen Debate 1959 Kitchen debate between Nixon and Khrushchev
A series of debates, now popularly called the kitchen debates, occurred between U.S. President Nixon and Soviet Premier Khrushchev in Moscow. Nixon was visiting a house built as part of an exhibit in the American National Exhibition.
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statesone world news - Treaty of Lausanne 1923 Treaty of Lausanne
The treaty is signed between Turkey and the countries that formed the Allied Powers in the First World War. Under the treaty,Turkey had to give up all the territorial claims made by the Ottoman Empire and agree to new borders.
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statesone world news - Machu Picchu 1911 Rediscovery of Machu Picchu
The 15thth century, largely forgotten Inca site in Peru was rediscovered by American Hiram Bingham III.
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23 JUL
statesone world news - Comet Hale–Bopp 1995 Comet Hale–Bopp discovery
Also known as C/1995 O1 by the scientific community, this well known comet was discovered independently by Alan Hale and Thomas Bopp.
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statesone world news - Abkhazia 1992 Abkhazia declares independence from Georgia
The Republic of Abkhazia, is a disputed territory of Georgia and is recognized as an independent state by only a handful of counties including Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru, Tuvalu.
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statesone world news - International Whaling Commission 1982 International Whaling Commission bans commercial whale hunting
The International Whaling Commission (IWC) passed a resolution to restrict commercial whaling and ban it completely after 1986. 25 countries voted to put the restrictions and ban in place.
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statesone world news - International Whaling Commission 1972 Landsat 1 launched
The first satellite in the US's LANDSAT program, the Landsat discovered an uninhabited island off the eastern coast of Canada in 1976. The island is now called Landsat Island.
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statesone world news - Landsat 1 launched 1933 American aviator Wiley Post becomes the first person to fly solo around the Earth
Post landed on Floyd Bennett Field in New York 7 days after he departed alone from the same airfield in a Lockheed Vega aircraft known as Winnie Mae.
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statesone world news - Telstar 1962 First live transatlantic television signal
Telstar 1, a communications satellite relayed the world's first transatlantic television signal in the form of a show that featured Walter Cronkite.
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22 JUL
statesone world news - STS-135 2011 Lone wolf extremist goes on a massacre in Norway
Anders Behring Breivik an anti-Islamist extremist placed a car bomb in front of the Norwegian Prime Minister's office in Oslo. A few hours after the bomb exploded, killing 8 people and injuring about 200 others, Breivik opened fire at a youth summer camp at the island of Utøya killing 69 participants. This was the deadliest incident of violence in the Scandinavian country since the Second World War.
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statesone world news - Lowest temperature ever measured on Earth 2003 Raid in Mosul
A raid on a compund near Mosul, Iraq by United States Army 101st Airborne Division ended with the deaths of killing Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay and Qusay's 14-year old son.
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statesone world news - Dick Smith (entrepreneur) 1983 First solo helicopter flight around the world
Australian Dick Smith became the first person to fly a helicopter around the world solo. He started his trip in August, 1982 and it took him around a year to finish his trip.
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statesone world news - Warsaw Ghetto 1942 Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp
The Warsaw Ghetto was the largest of all the Jewish ghettos in Nazi-occupied Europe during World War II. It was established by the Nazi German authorities in the Muranów neighborhood of the Polish capital between October and November 16, 1940; within the new General Government territory of German-occupied Poland.
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statesone world news -Wiley Post 1933 American aviator Wiley Post becomes the first person to fly solo around the Earth
Post landed on Floyd Bennett Field in New York 7 days after he departed alone from the same airfield in a Lockheed Vega aircraft known as Winnie Mae.
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statesone world news - Paris–Rouen (motor race) 1894 World's first competitive motor race
The Paris–Rouen, Le Petit Journal Competition for Horseless Carriages was the world's first city to city motoring competition. Staring in Paris and ending in Rouen, the race was organized by the newspaper Le Petit Journal.
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21 JUL
statesone world news - STS-135 2011 STS-135 lands
This space shuttle was the 135th and the last space shuttle flight of American Space Shuttle program.
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statesone world news - Lowest temperature ever measured on Earth 1983 Lowest temperature ever measured on Earth
Vostok Station, a Russian station on Antarctica experienced the lowest temperatures ever measured in recorded human history. The temperatures fell to −128.6 °F (−89.2 °C).
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statesone world news - Eugenia Charles 1980 Mary Eugenia Charles is elected as PM of Dominica
Her election to office made her the first female and the longest PM of the Commonwealth of Dominica. She is also the first elected female head of state in the Americas.
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statesone world news - Libyan–Egyptian War 1977 Libyan–Egyptian War begins
This short war between Libya and Egypt started with Libya striking Egyptian cities. The war lasted for 2 days with a ceasefire on July 24.
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statesone world news - Apollo 11 1969 First person walks on the Moon
Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk on the Moon. He stepped on the Moon's surface almost 7 hours after Apollo 11, the space craft that carried them, landed on the Sea of Traquility on the Moon. After stepping on the Moon, Armstrong uttered his famous words, "one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind."
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20 JUL
statesone world news - 2012 Aurora shooting 2012 Aurora shooting
A gunman, James Holmes, opened fire in a movie theater during the premier of the Dark Night Rises in Aurora, Colorado, killing 12 people and injuring 58 others.
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statesone world news - Viking 1 1976 Viking I lands on Mars
Part of the Viking program, Viking I became the first American spacecraft to succesfully land on MArs and to complete its mission.
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statesone world news - Turkish invasion of Cyprus 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus
Also known as Cyprus Peace Operation or Operation Attila, the invasion was a response to a coup in Cyprus.
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statesone world news - Apollo 11 1969 Apollo 11 lands on the Moon
Carrying Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, who would become the first humans to walk on the Moon, the spacecraft safely landed on the Sea of Tranquility on the Moon.
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statesone world news - Football War 1969 Football War ends
A ceasefire came into effect between Honduras and El Salvador after the two countries fought a brief war over immigration El Salvador to Honduras. The hostilities occurred during North American trials of the FIFA World Cup.
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19 JUL
statesone world news - 1903 Tour de France 1903 The first Tour de France comes to an end
Maurice Garin became the first person to win the debut of the now annual bike race.
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statesone world news - Paris Métro 1900 Paris Metro opens
One of the densest metros in the world and the second largest metro in Europe, the first line of the Paris Metro opened during the World's Fair.
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statesone world news - Franco-Prussian War 1870 Franco-Prussian War starts
The war involving France, under Napoleon and the Kingdom of Prussia began with French declaration of war. The war lasted for 9 months and ended with a German victory.
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statesone world news - Seneca Falls Convention 1848 Seneca Falls Convention begins
One of the first women's rights convention to be held in American history, the two-day convention attracted 300 women and men who protested the social, economic, and political discrimination American women faced.
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statesone world news - Lady Jane Grey 1553 Mary I replaces Lady Jane Grey as Queen of England
Also known as Bloody Mary due to her brutal persecution of Protestants, Mary I was the only child of Catherine of Aragon and Henry III.
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18 JUL
statesone world news - Detroit bankruptcy 2013 Government of Detroit declares bankruptcy
The city, which was up to $20 billion in debt, became the largest municipal entity in the United States to declare bankruptcy.
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statesone world news - Agathe Uwilingiyimana 1993 Agathe Uwilingiyimana elected as Prime Minister of Rwanda
Rwanda's only female prime minister's tenure was cut short when she was assassinated at the outset of the Rwandan genocide.
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statesone world news - Intel 1968 Intel is founded
Founded in Santa Clara, California, the Intel corporation is the world's largest semiconductor chip manufacturer.
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statesone world news - Mein Kampf 1925 "Mein Kampf" is published
Adolf Hitler's autobiographical book was written while he served his sentence for treason in prison.
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statesone world news - Papal infallibility 1870 The first Vatican Council, also known as Vatican I, decrees the doctrine of Papal infallibility
The doctrine claims that the Pope cannot err when speaking on issues of morality and/ or faith.
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17 JUL
statesone world news - Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court 1998 The Rome Statute establishing the International Criminal Court (ICC) is adopted
The ICC is the first international judicial body that has the power to try individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.
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statesone world news - Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit 1989 The Stealth Bomber makes its debut
The Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit made its first public flight from Palmdale, California.
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statesone world news - East Timor (province) 1976 Indonesia annexes East Timor and declares it its 27th province
This was the culmination of a 8-month long Indonesian invasion and occupation of the Southeast Asian country that began just after East Timor declared its independence from Portugal in November, 1975.
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statesone world news - Disneyland 1955 Disneyland opens its doors for the first time
The popular theme park (“The Happiest Place on Earth”) was opened by Walt Disney in Anaheim, California.
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statesone world news - Potsdam Conference 1945 The Potsdam Conference begins
The heads of the US, the UK, and USSR met in Potsdam to discuss the terms of the German and Japanese surrenders, and to make post-war plans.
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16 JUL
statesone world news - Amazon 1995 Amazon.com Sells its First Book
The e-commerce website was first founded in 1995 by Jeff Bezos as an online bookstore. The first book sold by the Internet giant was Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the Fundamental Mechanisms of Thought by Douglas Hofstadter.
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statesone world news - Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9 1994 Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9 collides with Jupiter
The Jupiter orbiting comet collided with Jupiter. It was the first time in recorded history that astronomers had observed a collision between two celestial objects.
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statesone world news - Mahathir Mohamad 1981 Mahathir bin Mohamad takes office for the first time
Mohmad, took office as the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia and remained in the position until 2003, becoming Malayasia's longest serving prime minister and Asia's longest serving politician.
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statesone world news - Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr 1979 Iraqi president, Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr resigns
The fourth president of Iraq resigned from his post citing health reasons and promoted his Vice President, Saddam Hussein to the post of President.
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statesone world news - The Catcher in the Rye 1951 The Catcher in the Rye is published
The book, written by J.D. Salinger is considered to be one of the top 100 works of fiction of the 20th century.
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15 JUL
statesone world news - History of MSNBC: 1996–2007 1996 MSNBC is launched
The American news television channel was created by Microsoft and General Electric's NBC unit. The first show of the channel was hosted by Jodi Applegate.
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statesone world news - Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9 1994 Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9 collides with Jupiter
The Jupiter orbiting comet collided with Jupiter. It was the first time in recorded history that astronomers had observed a collision between two celestial objects.
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statesone world news - 1983 Orly Airport attack 1955 Orly Airport attack
A Turkish Airlines check-in counter was bombed at the Orly Airport in Paris, killing 8 people and injuring more than 50 people. The Armenian militant organization ASALA took responsibility for the attack.
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statesone world news - Mainau Declaration 1979 Mainau Declaration is signed by 18 Nobel laureates
The declaration against the use of nuclear weapons was initiated by German scientists Otto Hahn and Max Born.
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statesone world news - Rosetta Stone 1799 The Rosetta Stone is found
The ancient Egyptian rock inscribed with a decree by King Ptolemy V was found in the Egyptian port city of Rashid (Rosetta) by French Captain Pierre Bouchard.
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14 JUL
statesone world news - 2016 Nice attack 2016 Terrorist Attack in Nice, France Kills 85 and Injures More than 300 People
The attack took place during Bastille Day Celebrations, when a 19-tonne truck was driven into the crowd. The attacker was eventually shot by the police.
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statesone world news - Mariner 4 1965 Mars flyby of Mariner 4
The American spacecraft became the first to take pictures of another planet and send them back to Earth.
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statesone world news - Kinney, Minnesota 1958 Coup in Iraq
Abd al-Karim Qasim, a brigadier in the Iraqi Army staged a military coup in Iraq, overthrowing the Hashemite monarchy. The Iraqi King Faisal II, the Crown Prince Abd al-Ilah, and Prime Minister Nuri al-Said were assassinated during the coup. Qasim took over the position of Prime Minister, which he held until 1963. The coup also led to the dissolution of the Arab Federation of Jordan and Iraq.
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statesone world news - Rawya Ateya 1957 First female parliamentarian in the Arab world is elected to office
Egyptian Rawya Ateya became the first woman to be elected to the National Assembly.
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statesone world news - Storming of the Bastille 1789 Storming of the Bastille
Bastille, a prison housing only 7 prisoners at the time, was stormed by a crowd calling for the closure of the prison. The storming became the central event of the French Revolution.
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13 JUL
statesone world news - Live Aid 1985 Live Aid benefit concert
Held simultaneously in London and Philadelphia, the concert raised millions in benefit of those affected by famine in Ethiopia. Over a billion people tuned in around the world to watch the show.
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statesone world news - Ogaden War 1977 Ethiopian-Somali War begins
The Somali National Army invaded the disputed Ogaden region between Somalia and Ethiopia. The war lasted for 9 months and ended with a Somalian retreat.
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statesone world news - Kinney, Minnesota 1977 Kinney, Minnesota declares its secession from the U.S
Frustrated by its failing water system, Kinney, Minnesota declared the creation of the Republic of Kinney and sent a letter of secession to the U.S. Secretary of State.
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statesone world news - Krispy Kreme 1937 Krispy Kreme Doughnuts is founded
The now-international doughnut company was founded by Kentuckian Vernon Rudolph.
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statesone world news - Carabinieri 1814 National military police of Italy created
"The Carabinieri" was established by the Royal Patents as a policing force with jurisdiction over the military and civilians.
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12 JUL
statesone world news - Geraldine Ferraro 1984 Walter F. Mondale Names Geraldine A. Ferraro as Running Mate in Presidential Elections
New York Congressperson, Geraldine A. Ferraro, became the first woman to run for office on a major party ticket in the United States.
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statesone world news - 2006 Mumbai train bombings 1975 São Tomé and Príncipe gains independence from Portuguese rule
The island nation was discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century. For over 200 years, its economy was run by African slaves who cultivated sugar, coffee, and cocoa. Manuel Pinto da Costa became the first president of the newly independent country.
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statesone world news - 1967 Newark riots 1967 Race riots break out in Newark, New Jersey, killing 26 people and injuring several others
The violence began when two white policemen arrested a black cab driver.
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statesone world news - New Zealand dollar 1962 First performance of the Rolling Stones
The British rock band performed for the first time as a group at the Marquee Club in London.
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statesone world news - Moscow Peace Treaty 1920 Moscow Peace Treaty is signed
Also known as the Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty, the treaty was signed between Lithuania and the Soviet Union. It recognized Lithuanian sovereignty in exchange for its neutrality and for safe passage for Russian troops to Poland.
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11 JUL
statesone world news - 1877 Wimbledon Championship 2012 FIFA World Cup Final is held in Johannesburg, South Africa
The Netherlands and Spain fought out for the prestigious football trophy. Spain won the match 1-0 and the 2010 FIFA World Cup.
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statesone world news - 2006 Mumbai train bombings 2006 Mumbai train bombings
Over 200 people were killed and about 700 people were injured in a series of bombings on Mumbai city trains.
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statesone world news - To Kill a Mockingbird 1960 To Kill a Mockingbird is first published as Atticus
Harper Lee's classic and Pulitzer Prize-winning book is about racial inequality during the Great Depression.
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statesone world news - New Zealand dollar 1914 Major League Baseball debut of Babe Ruth
George Herman "Babe" Ruth, Jr., one of the world's most well-known professional baseball player started his major league baseball career with the Boston Red Sox.
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statesone world news - Burr–Hamilton duel 1804 A duel between two leading American politicians claims the life of one
United States Vice President Aaron Burr and former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton ended a life-long feud with a duel. Hamilton was fatally wounded and died the next day.
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10 JUL
statesone world news - 1877 Wimbledon Championship 2012 The American Episcopal Church becomes the first to approve a rite for blessing gay marriages
While various Church bodies have widely varying practices and teachings, individual Christians of every major tradition are involved in practical (orthopraxy) discussions about how to respond to the issue.
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statesone world news - Boris Yeltsin 1991 Boris Yeltsin sworn in as 1st elected President of the Russian Federation
Just days after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Boris Yeltsin resolved to embark on a program of radical economic reform. Unlike Gorbachev's reforms, which sought to expand democracy in the socialist system, the new regime aimed to completely dismantle socialism and fully implement capitalism—converting the world's largest command economy into a free-market one.
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statesone world news - Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior 1985 Greenpeace ship, Rainbow Warrior, sinks
The ship was in harbor in New Zealand when it was bombed and sunk, killing Fernando Pereira, a photographer who was aboard the ship. It was found out later that French government operatives were responsible for the incident.
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statesone world news - New Zealand dollar 1967 New Zealand adopts new currency
The New Zealand pound was replaced by the New Zealand dollar. The denominations of the new currency followed a decimal system.
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statesone world news - Campbell's Soup Cans 1962 ` Telstar, the world's first communication satellite is launched in space
The satellite, made by a collaboration between organizations in the U.S., the U.K., and France, transmitted the first live television images in the world.
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statesone world news - Battle of Britain 1940 Battle of Britain
The German air force or Luftwaffe launched an air campaign against England. It was one of the first battles during the Second World War fought entirely between air forces and it ended a few months later with a British victory.
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09 JUL
statesone world news - South Sudan 2011 South Sudan becomes the youngest country in the world
The North East African country, formally known as Republic of South Sudan peacefully seceded from Sudan after an independence referendum was passed. Since independence, however, the country has been wrecked with widespread ethnic violence and human rights violations.
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statesone world news - Donkey Kong (video game) 1981 Donkey Kong is released by Nintendo
Nintendo's famous character Mario debuted as Jumpman in this popular arcade game.
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statesone world news - Campbell's Soup Cans 1962 Andy Warhol's iconic Campbell's Soup Cans make their debut
The Soup Cans were first displayed at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles, California, and were instrumental in popularizing Pop Art in the United States.
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statesone world news - History of slavery in Vermont 1958 Lituya Bay megatsunami
A megatsunami, a tsunami whose waves are higher than a normal tsunami, hit Lituya Bay in Alaska, United States, resulting in a wave that was recorded to be 1,720 feet or 516 meters high. This is the highest wave recorded in history.
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statesone world news - 1877 Wimbledon Championship 1877 The first Wimbledon Championship is held
The All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club in London hosted the first Wimbledon championship, which was not only the first tennis championship held in England but was also a precursor to grand slam tournaments. 22 men competed in the championship and Spencer Gore became the first person to win the Wimbledon tournament.
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08 JUL
statesone world news - Brioni Agreement 2011 Space Shuttle Atlantis is launched for the last time
It was also the last flight of NASA's 30-year long and successful Space Shuttle program. STS-135, as this final mission was called, was the program's 135th flight.
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statesone world news - Kim Jong-il 1994 Kim Jong-il takes office as the Supreme Leader of North Korea
Popularly known as "Dear Leader" in his country, Kim Jong-il took North Korea's highest office after the death of his father, Kim Il-sung. He ruled the country with an iron fist until his death in 2011, when his son, Kim Jong-un took his place. Kim Jong-il's tenure was marred by widespread human rights violations and severe famine in the country.
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statesone world news - The Wall Street Journal 1889 Wall Street Journal published for the first time
Three financial reporters named Charles Dow, Edward Jones, and Charles Bergstresser created The Wall Street Journal to supersede a previous periodical called the Customers' Afternoon Letter.
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statesone world news - History of slavery in Vermont 1777 Vermont abolishes slavery
Between 1953 and 1963, the Southeast African country was part of a British controlled federation called Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. After dissolution of the federation and independence, Nyasaland changed its name to Malawi.
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statesone world news - Vasco da Gama 1497 Vasco da Gama sets off on a voyage to India from Lisbon with 4 ships
A year later, he reached the city of Calicut in southern India and became the first European to set foot in India by way of the sea.
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07 JUL
statesone world news - Brioni Agreement 1991 Brioni Declaration is signed
The agreement was signed by Slovenia, Croatia, and Yugoslavia on the Brioni islands in Croatia. The agreement marked the end of hostilities that began with the Slovenian War of Independence. Also known as the Ten Day War, the conflict began after Slovenia declared independence from Yugoslavia.
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statesone world news - Boris Becker 1985 Boris Becker becomes the youngest person to win Wimbledon at age 17
The German tennis player beat American Kevin Curren.
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statesone world news - Sandra Day O'Connor 1981 Sandra Day O'Connor is appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court
Appointed by President Ronald Reagan, O'Connor is the first woman to be appointed to the highest court in the United States.
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statesone world news - Alaska Statehood Act 1958 President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act into law
Between 1953 and 1963, the Southeast African country was part of a British controlled federation called Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. After dissolution of the federation and independence, Nyasaland changed its name to Malawi.
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statesone world news - Roswell UFO incident 1947 Rosewell UFO incident
An object crashed into a ranch near Rosewell, New Mexico raising speculations that the object was an extraterrestrial spacecraft containing alien life forms.
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06 JUL
statesone world news - Dolly (sheep) 2013 Asiana Airlines Flight 214 crash lands in San Francisco International Airport
The plane was en route to San Francisco from Incheon International Airport, South Korea. The crash, which killed 3 people and injured at least 190 others, was the first fatal incident involving a Boeing 777 since it came on the market in 1995.
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statesone world news - Nathu La 2006 Nathula Pass, a trading post between India and China opens for business
The trading post had been closed since the Sino-Indian war of 1962. Part of the Silk Road, the pass connects Tibet with the Indian state of Sikkim.
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statesone world news - Comorian independence referendum, 1974 1975 Comoros becomes independent
The Comoros Islands gained independence after about 137 years of French rule. Their official name is the Union of the Comoros.
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statesone world news - History of Malawi 1964 Malawi gains its independence from Britain
Between 1953 and 1963, the Southeast African country was part of a British controlled federation called Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. After dissolution of the federation and independence, Nyasaland changed its name to Malawi.
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statesone world news - 1912 Summer Olympics 1912 King Gustaf V officially opens the fifth Summer Olympics in Stockholm
The international multi-event sports meet was the first such event in history to introduce the photo finish and automatic timing devices for track competitions. 28 countries, including Japan, participated in the games, making it the first time representatives from all 6 continents were present at an Olympics.
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05 JUL
statesone world news - Dolly (sheep) 1996 World's first live cloned mammal is born
Dolly the Sheep, a domestic ship was cloned using cells from an adult sheep by a team led by Ian Wilmut, Keith Campbell at the Roslin Institute. While her birth was considered to be a success for cloning science, she did not live very long – scientists had predicted that she would live for about 12 years, but she died just a few months short of her 7th birthday.
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statesone world news - Constitution of Armenia 1995 Armenian Constitution is adopted
A nation-wide referendum led to the approval and adoption of Armenia's constitution. The country had gained its independence after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
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statesone world news - History of Cape Verde 1975 Cape Verde gains independence from Portugal
The Island country had come under Portuguese colonial control in the late 15th century.
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statesone world news - Alice's Adventures in Wonderland 1973 Coup in Rwanda
Then Army Chief of staff, Juvénal Habyarimana, staged a coup and overthrew the President, Grégoire Kayibanda. Habyarimana then held the post of president for 20 years.
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statesone world news - United States Declaration of Independence 1811 Venezuela declares independence from Spain
Under the leadership of Francisco de Miranda, Venezuela declared its independence from Spain. This started the Venezuelan War of Independence. The country gained independence 10 years later in 1821.
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04 JUL
statesone world news - Higgs boson 2012 Discovery of Higgs boson particle is announced by scientists at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
The existence of the elusive elementary particle in physics, was suggested in the 1960s. The Higgs boson, which is named after Nobel laureate, Peter Higgs, was finally detected by scientists working at the Large Hadron Collider.
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statesone world news - Freedom of Information Act (United States) 1966 Freedom of Information Act in the US is signed into law
The 36th President of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson signed the law, which allows for the disclosure of government information to the public. It came into effect a year later in 1967.
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statesone world news - History of the Philippines (1946–65) 1946 Philippines gains independence from the United States
The South East Asian country had been ruled for almost 381 years by various colonial powers, starting with the Spanish in the early 16th century.
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statesone world news - Alice's Adventures in Wonderland 1865 Alice in Wonderland is published for the first time
The classic fantasy novel was written by author Lewis Carroll, whose real name was Charles Lutwidge Dodgson. The book recounted the adventures of a curious girl, Alice, who falls into a rabbit hole and meets human-like animals and creatures.
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statesone world news - United States Declaration of Independence 1776 United States Declaration of Independence is adopted in Philadelphia
The statement declared the independence of the 13 British colonies from the British crown. It also announced the creation of a new country called the United States of America. Then handwritten declaration was approved by the Second Continental Congress and was signed by 56 delegates on August 2, 1776.
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03 JUL
statesone world news - 2013 Egyptian coup d'état 2013 Egyptian coup d'état
Egyptian defense minister Abdul Fatah al-Sisi staged a coup and forced out President Mohamed Morsi, just over a year after he was elected.
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statesone world news - Iran Air Flight 655 1988 Iran Air flight 655 is shot down by a US Navy ship
The USS Vincennes mistakenly shot down the airplane en route to Dubai, killing all 290 people aboard. The Vincennes, a guided missile cruiser, incorrectly identified the plane as a military aircraft. In 1996, the United States government made a cash settlement with Iran in order to close the case Iran had brought against the US in the International Court of Justice.
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statesone world news - Algerian war 1962 Algeria gains its independence from France
Algeria's independence from France, after 132 years of French rule, was finalized after the signing of the Évian Accords in the spa town of Évian-les-Bains. The accords ended a 7-year long voilent war of independence. Independence was finally achieved after the July 1, 1962, referendum favored complete Algerian independence. Ahmed Ben Bella became the first President of the country.
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statesone world news - Battle of Gettysburg 1863 Battle of Gettysburg ends
The 3-day long battle during the American Civil War was fought between the Union and Confederacy in-and-around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Thought to be one of the bloodiest battles of the war – around 50,000 soldiers were lost on both sides – the Battle of Gettysburg marked a key turning point in the conflict. The decisive Union victory led to the retreat of Confederate soldiers from the north.
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statesone world news - Great auk 1844 The "Great Auks" go extinct
The last known pair of Great Auks, members of a species of flightless birds, were killed off the coast of Iceland at the request of a collector. It is believed that the extinction of these birds was caused by human activities and hunting due to the high demand for their feathers.
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02 JUL
statesone world news - Steve Fossett 2002 American businessman, Steve Fossett completes the first solo around-the-world Balloon Flight
This was Fossett's 6th attempt to circumnavigate the world. It took him 13 days in a balloon called Spirit of Freedom to cover 20,000 miles.
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statesone world news - Civil Rights Act 1964 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs "Civil Rights Act" & "Voting Rights Act"The Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark civil rights and US labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. It prohibited unequal application of voter registration requirements, racial segregation in schools, employment, and public accommodations.
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statesone world news - AbioCor 2001 World's First Self-Contained Artificial Heart Transplant
59-year old American Robert L. Tools became the first person to receive the a self-contained artificial heart transplant called the AbioCor at the Jewish Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky. The AbioCor is an artificial heart that is not connected to wires or an external pump.
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statesone world news - Operation Sealion 1940 Hitler orders invasion of Britain (Operation Sea lion)
Following the Fall of France, Adolf Hitler, the German Führer and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, hoped the British government would seek a peace agreement and he reluctantly considered invasion only as a last resort if all other options failed.
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statesone world news - Fred Noonan 1937 American aviator Amelia Earhart and her navigator Fred Noonan are heard for the last time before disappearing
They were attempting to make the first around-the-world flight in a Lockheed Model 10 Electra. Neither they nor the plane have ever been found and that has to led to speculation about what happened to them. An accomplished pilot, Earhart was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
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statesone world news - The Zeppelin Takes Off for the First Time 1900 The Zeppelin Takes Off for the First Time
The rigid aircraft named after Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin, the inventor of the dirigible and founder of the Zeppelin Airship Construction Company, made its first flight over Lake Constance in Germany. Unlike blimps or balloons, Zeppelins are built by stretching material over a rigid framework, usually made of metal. Zeppelins can be steered and they were used by the German Air Force to conduct aerial attacks during the First World War.
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01 JUL
statesone world news - International Criminal Court 2002 The International Criminal Court (ICC) is established
It is the first international judicial body that has the power to try individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. It was created by the Rome Statute, an international treaty that was signed in the Italian city of Rome in 1998.
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statesone world news - Warsaw Pact 1991 The Warsaw Pact, a defense treaty between 8 communist countries, is formally disbanded in Prague
The pact was founded in 1955, during the height of the Cold War, as a way to counterbalance the power of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Western Europe.
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statesone world news - Walkman 1979 The Walkman makes its appearance in stores for the first time
The portable audio cassette player was made by Sony and went on sale in Japan.
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statesone world news - Tunguska event 1908 "SOS" is adopted as the International Distress Signal
The 2nd International Radiotelegraphic Convention, which was signed in December 1906, made the Morse code distress signal (· · · – – – · · ·), the standard international maritime distress signal. Even though it was replaced by the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System in 1999, SOS is universally seen as a distress call and is often mistakenly thought to be an abbreviation of Save Our Souls or Save Our Ship.
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statesone world news - Tour de France 1903 The Tour de France Bicycle Race is flagged off for the first time
The now annual multi-leg bike race lasted for 20 days with a course that stretched about 1,500 miles. The race was first created by "the sports daily", "L'Auto" , as a way to boost its circulation. The first Tour de France was win by Italian-French racer, Maurice Garin.
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30 JUN
statesone world news - Leap second 1972 The first leap second is added to UTC
Leap seconds are added to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) from time to time to account for the Earth's slowing rotation. UTC is the basis for the calculation of local times worldwide.
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statesone world news - Soyuz 11 1971 The crew of Soviet spacecraft “Soyuz 11” dies after the loss of air supply
The cause of the tragedy was a faulty valve. The three cosmonauts had previously achieved the first docking of a spacecraft to a space station in history.
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statesone world news - Gone with the Wind (novel) 1936 The novel “Gone with the Wind” is published
Margaret Mitchell's story set in the American South during the American Civil War became one of the United States' biggest best-sellers. The 1939 movie version starring Vivien Leigh and Clark Gable was similarly successful.
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statesone world news - Tunguska event 1908 The Tunguska event leaves 2000 square km of Siberian forest flattened and scorched
The devastation is believed to have been caused by the explosion of an asteroid or comet. It is the largest impact event in recorded history.
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statesone world news - Annus Mirabilis papers 1905 Albert Einstein submits a paper outlining his theory of special relativity
The text “Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper” comprises the currently accepted theory about the relationship between space and time. The theory of special relativity is the basis for his theory of general relativity, which he published in 1916.
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29 JUN
statesone world news - iPhone (1st generation) 2007 Apple releases the first iPhone
The iPhone revolutionized the smartphone industry and for a while made Apple one of the world's most valuable companies.
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statesone world news - STS-71 1995 The Space Shuttle Atlantis docks with the Russian space station Mir
The rendezvous in space marked a new age of cooperation between the former Cold War adversaries. The docking created the largest man-made Earth satellite in history.
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statesone world news - Montreal Protocol 1990 The world's first scheduled transatlantic flight takes off
The London Amendment to the Montreal Protocol stipulated that CFCs be phased out by 2000 in developed countries and by 2010 in developing countries. CFCs are one of the substances most harmful to the ozone layer, escalating the greenhouse effect and global warming.
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statesone world news - Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria 1986 Sir Richard Branson breaks the record for the fastest Atlantic crossing by boat
The British businessman took about three days to cross the ocean in his speedboat “Virgin Atlantic Challenger II”. He was denied the prestigious Blue Riband for the fastest crossing because he refueled on the way.
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statesone world news - 1927 in aviation 1927 Two U.S. aviators complete the first transpacific flight
Lester Maitland and Albert Hegenberger had taken off from Oakland Municipal Airport the previous day. Their “Bird of Paradise” aircraft touched down in Oahu, Hawaii 25 hours and 50 minutes later.
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28 JUN
statesone world news - Stonewall riots 1969 A police raid of a gay tavern sparks a series of violent clashes
The Stonewall Riots in New York City marked the beginning of the gay rights movement in the United States. The Christopher Street Day, a yearly observance for Gay Pride in some European countries, is named after the bar's location.
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statesone world news - East Jerusalem 1967 Israel annexes East Jerusalem
From Israel's point of view, the annexation effected the reunification of its capital city. However, the international community declared it illegal and views East Jerusalem as Palestinian territory occupied by Israel.
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statesone world news - 1939 in aviation 1939 The world's first scheduled transatlantic flight takes off
The Boeing 314 Clipper flying boat was operated by Pan Am. It took about 24 hours to reach Marseille, France. The scheduled service was soon discontinued again because of the outbreak of World War II.
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statesone world news - Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria 1914 Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie are assassinated
Gavrilo Princip's attack effected a crisis among Europe's major powers (July Crisis). This ultimately triggered the First World War, which with over 37 million deaths was one of the bloodiest war of all time. Five years later to the day, the Treaty of Versailles formally ended the war.
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statesone world news - Saxophone history 1846 The saxophone is patented
Belgian musician Adolphe Sax developed the woodwind instrument typically made of brass, which in recent decades has heavily influenced the sound of the jazz, military band, rock, and pop musical genres.
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27 JUN
statesone world news - Ich bin ein Berliner 1963 U.S. President John F. Kennedy holds his iconic “Ich bin ein Berliner” speech
The speech was a welcome gesture of support for the people of West Berlin. East Germany had erected the Berlin Wall just two years earlier to stop mass emigration to the West.
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statesone world news - United Nations Charter 1945 The "United Nations Charter" is signed
The Charter of the United Nations (also known as the UN Charter) of 1945 is the foundational treaty of the United Nations, an intergovernmental organization. It was signed at the San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center in San Francisco, United States, on 26 June 1945, by 50 of the 51 original member countries.
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statesone world news - Helicopter 1936 The world's first practical helicopter lifts off
The twin-rotor Focke-Wulf Fw 61 was first tested in Bremen, Germany. None of the first prototypes survived World War II but a replica can be seen at the Hubschraubermuseum in Bückeburg, Germany.
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statesone world news - The Gold Rush 1925 Charlie Chaplin's film “The Gold Rush” receives its premiere
The comedy featuring Chaplin in his famous Little Tramp role is a classic of the silent film genre. The English star actor repeatedly stated that this is the film he wants to be remembered for.
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statesone world news - 1906 French Grand Prix 1906 The first Grand Prix car race is held
The competition was held on a circuit around Le Mans, France and organized by the Automobile Club de France (ACF). Renault's Ferenc Szisz won the competition.
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26 JUN
statesone world news - Costa Concordia disaster 2012 The cruise ship Costa Concordia sinks, killing 32
The ship's captain was later accused of imprudence, negligence, and incompetence.
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statesone world news - January 2001 El Salvador earthquake 2001 An earthquake devastates El Salvador
This quake killed nearly 1000 people; at least 315 people feel victim to a second quake on February 13, 2001.
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statesone world news - Korean War 2000 Bill Gates steps down as CEO of Microsoft
Gates co-founded Microsoft in 1975 together with Paul Allen.
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statesone world news - At Folsom Prison 1968 Johnny Cash performs live at Folsom State Prison
At Folsom Prison is a live album and 27th overall album by Johnny Cash, released on Columbia Records in May 1968. After his 1955 song "Folsom Prison Blues", Cash had been interested in recording a performance at a prison. His idea was put on hold until 1967, when personnel changes at Columbia Records put Bob Johnston in charge of producing Cash's material.
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statesone world news - 1915 Avezzano earthquake 1915 The worst earthquake in Italian history kills 30,000
The quake hit the town of Avezzano, about 100 km (60 m) east of Rome.
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25 JUN
statesone world news - List of elected and appointed female heads of state and government 1993 Both Canada and Turkey elect female heads of government for the first time
Kim Campbell became Canada's and Tansu Çiller Turkey's Prime Minister on this day. Worldwide, women in top political positions are still the exception.
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statesone world news - Our World (TV special) 1967 The world's first live global satellite TV program is aired
The BBC program “Our World” featured artists from 19 countries. The Beatles premiered their song “All You Need Is Love” on the show. Some 400 million viewers tuned in.
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statesone world news - Korean War 1950 The Korean War begins as North Korea invades South Korea
The war soon evolved into an international conflict and a proxy war between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, leading to fears of a new World War. It was ended by an armistice in 1953.
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statesone world news - The Diary of a Young Girl 1947 The diary of Anne Frank is published
The Jewish girl's account of her life in hiding from the Nazis has become a well-known work of world literature and made Anne one of the most prominent victims of the Nazi regime. She died at age 15 in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
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statesone world news - The Firebird 1910 Igor Stravinsky's ballet “The Firebird” is premiered
The work was performed by Sergei Diaghilev's legendary ballet company “Ballets Russes”. It was a huge success, catapulting Stravinsky to stardom.
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24 JUN
statesone world news - Igandu train collision 2002 Africa's worst ever train disaster kills 281
Rabin became the country's fifth Prime Minister. For his engagement in a peaceful solution to the Middle East conflict, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994 (together with Shimon Peres and Yasir Arafat). A year later, Rabin was assassinated by a Jewish extremist.
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statesone world news - Delta Air Lines Flight 191 1982 A British Airways jumbo jet experiences a sudden total engine failure
At the same time, the crew observed a mysterious glow in the darkness. The Boeing 747's pilots had unwittingly flown into a cloud of volcanic ash caused by the eruption of Mount Galunggung, causing all four engines to flame out. The crew eventually succeeded in restarting the engines and landing safely in Jakarta.
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statesone world news - Berlin Blockade 1984 The Berlin Blockade begins
In reaction to the currency reform in West Germany, the Soviet Union blocked all access to West Berlin. It was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. Western Allies launched the Berlin airlift to transport supplies to the blocked area. In Germany, the planes became known as “raisin bombers” or “candy bombers”.
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statesone world news - Pablo Picasso 1901 Pablo Picasso opens his first exhibition
The 18-year-old Spanish artist was featured for the first time in Ambroise Vollard's gallery in 6 Rue Laffite in Paris. Neither of the two art critics that visited the show thought much about the works. Picasso went on to become one of the most influential artists of all time.
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statesone world news - History of Freemasonry 1717 The world's first Masonic Grand Lodge is established
Freemasonry is a fraternal organization that has counted among its members a large number of known intellectuals. Due to its secretive nature, many myths about their underground activities have emerged through the ages. A Grand Lodge is the governing body for a certain geographic area.
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23 JUN
statesone world news - Israeli legislative election, 1992 1992 Yitzhak Rabin's Labor Party wins the election in Israel
Rabin became the country's fifth Prime Minister. For his engagement in a peaceful solution to the Middle East conflict, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994 (together with Shimon Peres and Yasir Arafat). A year later, Rabin was assassinated by a Jewish extremist.
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statesone world news - Air India Flight 182 1985 An Air India jumbo jet crashes into the Atlantic Ocean
The crash was caused by a bomb planted by the Sikh militant group Babbar Khalsa. The incident, in which all 329 people aboard died, was the first bombing of a Boeing 747.
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statesone world news - Antarctic Treaty System 1961 The Antarctic Treaty comes into force
The treaty was the first arms control agreement signed during the Cold War. It sets Antarctica aside as a scientific preserve and prohibits military activities on the continent.
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statesone world news - Wiley Post 1931 Wiley Post and Harold Gatty start their record-breaking flight around the world
The American-Australian team was the first to circumnavigate the planet in a single-engine plane. After several stops, they returned to Roosevelt Field eight days later. They took nearly two weeks less than the previous record holder, the German airship Graf Zeppelin.
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statesone world news - International Olympic Committee 1894 The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is founded
The IOC is responsible for organizing the Olympic Games and similar events. The committee was established at the initiative of French educator, Pierre de Coubertin.
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22 JUN
statesone world news - Checkpoint Charlie 1990 Checkpoint Charlie is dismantled
The crossing point on the sector border between East Berlin and West Berlin had become obsolete with the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Today, the former checkpoint, including the famous sign stating “You are leaving the American sector”, is a tourist attraction.
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statesone world news - Maradona Hand of God 1986 Diego Maradona coins the phrase “Hand of God”
The Argentinian football star had scored a goal with his hand during the FIFA World Cup quarter final against England. The referee allowed the goal, the Argentinian team were later crowned world champions. After the game, Maradona said that the goal was scored “a little with the head of Maradona and a little with the hand of God”.
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statesone world news - Battle of Okinawa 1945 Okinawa falls to U.S. troops
The Battle of Okinawa marked a decisive defeat for Japan during World War II as the archipelago represented the last line of defense for mainland Japan. The country surrendered two months after the end of the battle.
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statesone world news - Operation Barbarossa 1941 Germany invades the Soviet Union
The initially successful attack soon proved a disaster for the Germans as wintry conditions and fierce Soviet resistance caused massive losses and ultimately forced them to retreat.
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statesone world news - Galileo affair 1633 The Church forces Galileo Galilei to renounce his heliocentric world view
The Holy Office concluded that the Italian scientist, by stating that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe, was “vehemently suspect of heresy”. Galileo spent the rest of his life under house arrest.
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21 JUN
statesone world news - Greenland 2009 Greenland assumes self-rule
The island had been administered by Denmark (earlier Denmark-Norway) for centuries. The Self-Government Act grants Greenland full responsibility for its inner affairs, while Denmark retains control of foreign policy.
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statesone world news - SpaceShipOne 2004 SpaceShipOne completes the world's first manned private spaceflight
The privately funded spaceplane reached an altitude of just over 100 kilometers (62 miles). Mike Melvill was the pilot and only occupant.
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statesone world news - Josef Mengele 1985 The body of Josef Mengele is identified
An international team of scientists confirmed that the skeletal remains found in a cemetery in Embu, Brazil are those of the Nazi war criminal. Mengele was a physician in the Auschwitz concentration camp and conducted horrific experimtents on some of the inmates.
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statesone world news - Pope Paul VI 1942 Cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini becomes Pope Paul VI
The Italian pontiff is known for completing the Second Vatican Council, addressing the Roman Catholic Church's relationship with the modern world.
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statesone world news - Queen Victoria 1895 The "Kiel Canal" is opened by German Emperor Wilhelm II
The 98 km (61 mi) long canal in Northern Germany is one of the world's busiest artificial water ways. It connects the North Sea with the Baltic Sea.
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20 JUN
statesone world news - Steve Fossett 1991 The German parliament moves to Berlin
Bonn had been the capital of West Germany until the country's reunification in 1990. The “Hauptstadtbeschluss” (capital decision) stipulated that the seat of government and the parliament also be moved to the “new” capital Berlin.
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statesone world news - 1987 Hipercor bombing 1975 The film "Jaws" is premiered
Steven Spielberg's thriller about a rogue great white shark terrorizing a summer resort town is often regarded as one of the greatest films of all time.
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statesone world news - Moscow–Washington hotline 1963 The “red telephone” is instituted
The hotline between the U.S. and the Soviet Union was established following Cuban Missile Crisis. Contrary to popular belief, communications between the two superpowers occurred via teletype or fax, and today, via email.
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statesone world news - Civil Rights Act of 1964 1942 Kazimierz Piechowski and three others escape from Auschwitz concentration camp
In a feat of “exceptional courage and gallantry”, as stated by the Polish author Kazimierz Smoleń, the four prisoners left via the front gate in a stolen SS staff car, dressed as SS officers. During World War II, the Nazi regime murdered 1.1 million people in Auschwitz. Only 144 are known to have escaped.
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statesone world news - Queen Victoria 1837 Victoria becomes Queen of the United Kingdom
During the 64 years of her regency, the United Kingdom became one of the world's most potent powers. The British Empire soon encompassed large parts of the planet. Queen Victoria died in 1901.
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19 JUN
statesone world news - Steve Fossett 2002 Steve Fossett takes off on his record-breaking balloon flight
The American adventurer lifted off from Northam in Western Australia to commence history's first solo flight around the world in any aircraft. On July 3, after having traveled 33,195 km (20,626 mi), he touched down again in Queensland, Australia.
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statesone world news - 1987 Hipercor bombing 1987 An ETA car bomb kills 21 in Barcelona
The 1987 Hipercor bombing was one of the bloodiest attacks by Basque separatist organization, Euskadi Ta Askatasuna or ETA.
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statesone world news - Garfield (character) 1978 "Garfield" the lazy cat makes his debut
The first Garfield comic strip by Jim Davis appeared in 41 newspapers on that day. It currently holds the Guinness World Record for the world's most widely syndicated comic strip.
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statesone world news - Civil Rights Act of 1964 1964 The U.S. Senate passes the "Civil Rights Act of 1964"
18 Senators unsuccessfully launched a filibuster to prevent passage of the law against discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. Richard Russel stated, “We will resist to the bitter end any measure or any movement which would have a tendency to bring about social equality and intermingling and amalgamation of the races in our (Southern) states.” The bill was signed into law on July 2, 1964.
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statesone world news - Natives Land Act, 1913 1913 South Africa implements the "Natives Land Act"
The law limited the areas of land that could be owned by black people to “native reserve” areas, which comprised less than 10 percent of the country's total area. It was in force until Apartheid was dismantled in the 1990s.
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18 JUN
statesone world news - SALT II 1979 Leonid Brezhnev and Jimmy Carter sign SALT II
The second “Strategic Arms Limitation Talks” (SALT) agreement was a ground-breaking arms reduction treaty between the Soviet Union and the United States.
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statesone world news - British European Airways Flight 548 1972 118 die in the Staines Air Disaster
The Hawker Siddeley Trident aircraft entered a deep stall and plummeted to the ground shortly after takeoff from London Heathrow Airport.
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statesone world news - LP record 1948 The LP record is introduced
The 33⅓ rpm microgroove vinyl Long Playing record developed by Columbia Records soon became the music industry's standard medium. It allowed for a total playing time of 20 minutes per side.
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statesone world news - Appel of 18 June 1940 A speech by Charles de Gaulle sparks the French Resistance to German occupation
The Appeal of June 18, transmitted by radio from de Gaulle's exile in the United Kingdom, was pivotal in mobilizing the French after Germany had declared more than half of the country an occupied zone. On August 25, French and Allied troops liberated Paris.
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statesone world news - Battle of Waterloo 1815 Napoleon suffers a shattering defeat at the "Battle of Waterloo"
The battle was Napoleon's last. The French Emperor was exiled to Saint Helena where he died six years later. “To meet one's Waterloo” is still a figure of speech today indicating total defeat.
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17 JUN
statesone world news - Watergate scandal 1792 The arrest of five White House operatives sets off the Watergate scandal
The men were caught attempting to wiretap the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex. The scandal ultimately led to U.S. President Richard Nixon's resignation.
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statesone world news - Icelandic constitutional referendum, 1944 1944 Iceland becomes a republic
The Nordic island country had previously been included in the Norwegian and Danish monarchies. The republic's first President was Sveinn Björnsson.
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statesone world news - Monterey Pop Festival 1940 The three Baltic states fall under Soviet occupation
While the world's attention was focused on the recent German invasion of Paris, the Soviet Union annexed Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
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statesone world news - Amelia Earhart 1928 Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the Atlantic
Wilmer Stultz piloted the Fokker F.VII aircraft, Earhart kept the flight log.They arrived at Burry Port in Wales, the United Kingdom, 20 hours and 40 minutes later.
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statesone world news - Statue of Liberty 1885 The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York
Hundreds of thousands of spectators welcomed the emblematic statue, which was a gift to the United States from the people of France and has become one of the country's most recognized symbols.
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16 JUN
statesone world news - List of smoking bans 2010 The world's first country-wide total tobacco ban goes into effect
Bhutan banned the cultivation, harvesting, production, and sale of tobacco and tobacco products. It is still legal in the South Asian country to smoke in a private setting, but obtaining tobacco products legally is close to impossible.
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statesone world news - Soweto uprising 1976 South African police kill hundreds of protesting school children
An estimated 20,000 youth were protesting against the introduction of Afrikaans as the languages of instruction in their schools when police officers started firing into the crowd. The “Soweto uprising” is today commemorated on Youth Day each year.
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statesone world news - Monterey Pop Festival 1967 The Monterey Pop Festival opens
The three-day concert event featured historic performances by Jimi Hendrix, The Who, Ravi Shankar, and Janis Joplin.
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statesone world news - Valentina Tereshkova 1963 Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space
The Soviet cosmonaut completed 48 orbits on board the spaceship “Vostok 6” before returning safely to Earth. The former textile worker was declared “Hero of the Soviet Union” and received the United Nations Gold Medal of Peace.
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statesone world news - Psycho (1960 film) 1960 Alfred Hitchcock's film "Psycho" is premiered
The horror-thriller starring Anthony Perkins and Vera Miles has become one of the classics of the genre. The shower scene is one of the best-known murder scenes in the history of film.
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15 JUN
statesone world news - Mount Pinatubo 1991 Mount Pinatubo explodes
The stratovolcano's eruption was one of the most violent of the 20th century. About 800 people died, but the event had also global consequences. For example, it caused a global temperature drop of 0.5 °C (0.9 °F).
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statesone world news - Spanish general election, 1977 1977 Spain holds the first free elections since 1936
The transition to democracy followed nearly four decades of right-wing dictatorship under Francisco Franco. Adolfo Suárez became Spain's first democratically elected Prime Minister.
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statesone world news - UEFA 1983 The Union of European Football Associations is founded
The UEFA is the umbrella organization for association football in Europe. It comprises 54 member countries in Europe and Asia.
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statesone world news - Charles Goodyear 1844 Charles Goodyear patents vulcanization
The American inventor is credited with developing the basic concept of strengthening rubber by adding sulfur or similar materials. Vulcanized rubber is today used for a wide array of products, such as tires and shoe soles.
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statesone world news - Transatlantic flight of Alcock and Brown 1667 The first human blood transfusion is administered
Jean-Baptiste Denys, physician to King Louis XIV of France, transfused sheep blood into a 15-year-old boy. He survived, most likely due to the relatively small amount of blood used.
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14 JUN
statesone world news - Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty 2002 A large asteroid just misses the Earth
2002 MN, a 73-meter lump, was three times closer to Earth than the Moon. It was first discovered three days after its closest approach.
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statesone world news - Falklands War 1982 The Falklands War ends
After 74 days of fighting, British troops captured the capital, Stanley, prompting the Argentine forces to surrender and return the islands to British control.
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statesone world news - Monkeys and apes in space 1983 Albert II becomes the first monkey in space
The rhesus monkey was one of several animals used for testing purposes before sending humans into space. Albert II survived his ascent to 134 km (83 mi) altitude but died on his return to Earth due to a parachute failure.
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statesone world news - 1938 Yellow River flood 1940 The New York Times publishes the Pentagon Papers
The fall of Paris marked the end of Germany's attacks on the western front. In the Armistice of Compiègne, three-fifths of France were declared occupied.
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statesone world news - Transatlantic flight of Alcock and Brown 1919 Alcock and Brown take off for the first non-stop transatlantic flight
The British aviators began their journey in St. John's, Newfoundland and reached Galway in Ireland less than 16 hours later. One month earlier, Albert Cushing Read flew across the Atlantic, but his flight included a stop in the Azores Islands.
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13 JUN
statesone world news - Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty 2002 The United States withdraw from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty
The ABM Treaty was signed in 1972 by the Soviet Union and the United States. It regulated the establishment of anti-ballistic missile shields against nuclear missiles. Critics bemoaned the treaty's termination for its potential negative effect on nuclear proliferation.
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statesone world news - Inter-Korean Summit 2000 The leaders of South Korea and North Korea meet in an historic summit
The talks were initiated by then President of South Korea, Kim Dae-jung. For the implementation of his “Sunshine Policy”, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2000.
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statesone world news - Pioneer 10 1983 Pioneer 10 becomes the first man-made object to leave the central solar system
The U.S. space probe crossed the orbit of Neptune, which at the time was classified as the furthest planet from the Sun.
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statesone world news - 1938 Yellow River flood 1971 The New York Times publishes the Pentagon Papers
The secret study of the United States' involvement in the Vietnam War revealed the government's lies concerning the scale of U.S. activities in Vietnam and neighboring countries. Daniel Ellsberg, an employee of the RAND Corporation, leaked the documents to the New York Times, and he was later tried but not convicted of espionage.
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statesone world news - History of the bicycle 1950 South Africa implements the Group Areas Act
The law assigned geographically separate residential and business areas for different racial groups, forcing non-whites from the most developed areas. It was a major pillar of the apartheid system of racial segregation and oppression.
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12 JUN
statesone world news - Orlando Mass Shooting 2016 Mass Shooting at Pulse Nightclub in Orlando, Florida Kills 49 People
In what is now thought to be one of the deadliest incidents of violence against LGBTQ people in history, the shooting committed by 29-year old Omar Mateen is also the second deadliest terrorist attack on US soil since the September 11, 2001 attacks.
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statesone world news - Boeing 777 1994 The world's largest twinjet takes off on its maiden flight
The Boeing 777, or Triple Seven, typically transports up to 451 passengers. It is one of Boeing's commercially most successful planes.
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statesone world news - Boris Yeltsin 1991 Boris Yeltsin becomes Russia's first President
After the end of the Soviet Union, Yeltsin launched radical economic reforms that aimed at dismantling socialism and restore capitalism.
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statesone world news - Tear down this wall! 1987^ Ronald Reagan challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to “tear down this wall”
The U.S. President held his famous speech near the Berlin Wall, one of the most important symbols for the division between East and West during the Cold War. The wall was dismantled in 1989, but many observers doubt that Reagan's famous catchphrase had any impact on this decision.
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statesone world news - Rivonia Trial 1964 Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison
The South African anti-apartheid activist spent 27 years in prison. In 1993, he received the Nobel Peace Prize and one year late he became President of South Africa.
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11 JUN
statesone world news - 2010 FIFA World Cup 2010 Africa hosts the FIFA World Cup for the first time
The 19th association football world cup was opened in Johannesburg, South Africa. The winner of this historic edition was Spain.
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statesone world news - Christopher Cockerell 1959 Christopher Cockerell first presents the hovercraft
The amphibious air-cushion vehicle first crossed the English Channel just weeks after Cockerell first demonstrated his prototype, the SR.N1. The scheduled “flights” between Dover (U.K.) and Calais (France) were discontinued in 2000.
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statesone world news - 1955 Le Mans disaster 1955 More than 80 people die in the Le Mans car race disaster
In one of history's worst car racing accidents, Pierre Levegh's Mercedes crashed into a crowd of spectators and burst into flames.
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statesone world news - 1938 Yellow River flood 1938 China launches the "1938 Yellow River flood"
In what Steven Dutch, a Professor at the University of Wisconsin, called “the world's largest act of environmental warfare in history”, the Chinese government created the flood to halt invading Japanese forces.
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statesone world news - History of the bicycle 1817 The first predecessor of the bicycle is demonstrated
Using his revolutionary Laufmaschine, also known as Draisine, a two-wheeler without pedals, German inventor Karl Drais completed a 14 km test run in less than an hour, presenting a viable alternative to transportation by horse.
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10 JUN
statesone world news - Kosovo War 1999 The Kosovo War ends
Slobodan Milošević, then President of Serbia, agreed to withdraw his troops from the disputed territory following a massive NATO bombing campaign. NATO's involvement has been criticized for its lack of a U.N. mandate.
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statesone world news - Six-Day War 1957 The Six-Day War ends
Israel and Syria agreed to observe a ceasefire mediated by the United Nations, ending six days of armed conflict. On the previous day, Israel had occupied the Golan Heights.
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statesone world news - Soyuzmultfilm 1936 The Russian animation studio Soyuzmultfilm is established
The film studio produced at total of 1530 movies, among them some of the best-known films of the Soviet era, such as Hedgehog in the Fog and The Bremen Town Musicians.
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statesone world news - Alcoholics Anonymous 1935 Alcoholics Anonymous is founded
Bill Wilson and Dr. Bob Smith established the mutual aid fellowship to battle alcoholism. Today, the organization is active in many countries around the world.
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statesone world news - Autochrome Lumière 1907 Autochrome Lumière color photography is introduced
The process was invented by the legendary Lumière brothers in 1903. It was the first practical and commercially successful technology for the production of color photos.
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09 JUN
statesone world news - Golan Heights 1967 Israel captures the Golan Heights from Syria
Israel's occupation of the territory and the establishment of Israeli settlements in the area continue to hamper negotiations to find a peaceful solution to the ongoing Middle East conflict.
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statesone world news - Operation Opera 1957 Four Austrian climbers become the first to conquer Broad Peak
Fritz Wintersteller, Marcus Schmuck, Kurt Diemberger, and Hermann Buhl reached the 8051 meter high summit of one of the world's highest mountains on the border of Pakistan and China.
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statesone world news - Bhumibol Adulyadej 1946 Bhumibol Adulyadej is crowned King of Thailand
As of 2014, he is the world's longest reigning head of state, with nearly 70 years on the throne.
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statesone world news - The Wise Little Hen 1934 Donald Duck makes his film debut in The Wise Little Hen
The short-tempered duck typically wearing a sailor suit is one of Walt Disney's most famous cartoon characters. Donald's first book appearance was in The Adventures of Mickey Mouse, which was published in 1931.
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statesone world news - Charles Kingsford Smith 1928 Charles Kingsford Smith completes the world's first trans-Pacific flight
The Australian aviator and his 4-man crew had departed Oakland, California on the morning on May 31. Nine days later, after several stops, they landed safely in Brisbane.
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08 JUN
statesone world news - New Zealand nuclear-free zone 1987 New Zealand becomes a nuclear-free zone
The New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament, and Arms Control Act 1987 barred any nuclear-powered or nuclear-armed ships from entering the country. New Zealand was the first country to legislate towards a nuclear-free zone in the 1950s.
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statesone world news - Operation Opera 1972 Nick Út takes his famous “napalm girl” photo
The Pulitzer Prize winning image officially entitled “The Terror of War” depicts nine-year-old Phan Thị Kim Phúc and other Vietnamese children fleeing a napalm attack. It has become one of the best-known symbols for the indescribable sufferings in armed conflicts.
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statesone world news - Nineteen Eighty-Four 1949 George Orwell publishes Nineteen Eighty-Four
Orwell's nightmarish description of a totalitarian society set in the year 1984 is one of the most significant works of English literature and one of the best-known novels of all time. The phrase, Big Brother is watching you, stems from this work.
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statesone world news - Carmina Burana (Orff) 1937 Carl Orff's Carmina Burana is premiered
The cantata, especially Orff's breathless rendition of the medieval poem O Fortuna, has been featured in countless works of popular culture, including The Simpsons, Last of the Mohicans, and Jackass: The Movie.
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statesone world news - Herman Hollerith 1887 Herman Hollerith patents his punch card calculator
The U.S. data processing pioneer, one of the grandfathers of the technology company IBM, used his revolutionary machine to process the large amount of data collected during the U.S. census of 1890/1891.
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07 JUN
statesone world news - Surinam Airways Flight 764 1989 A Surinam Airways jet crashes on landing in Paramaribo
The pilots were blamed for the disaster. They had attempted to land using the wrong navigation signal. Of the 187 people on board, 11 survived.
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statesone world news - Operation Opera 1981 Israel destroys Iraq's Osirak nuclear reactors
The attack, triggered by fears of a potential Iraqi atom bomb, prompted international criticism and is considered a political disaster as it caused the quarreling Arab states to unite against their common enemy, Israel.
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statesone world news - 1975 Cricket World Cup 1975 The first Cricket World Cup begins
England hosted the first edition of the event, which today has become one of the world's most important sporting events. The West Indies entered the history books as the first Cricket World Champions.
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statesone world news - Legoland 1968 The world's first Legoland resort opens
The Legoland in Billund, Denmark was the first of six theme parks based around the Lego interlocking plastic bricks. Billund is the home of The Lego Group.
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statesone world news - Vatican City 1929 Vatican City becomes an independent state
The Lateran Treaty, which was signed on February 11 of the same year, was ratified by Italy's fascist government on this day. It guarantees the political and territorial sovereignty of Vatican City.
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06 JUN
statesone world news - Pope John Paul II 1984 The video game Tetris is published
Russian computer engineer, Alexey Pajitnov, created the puzzle game. With over 100 million copies sold, it is one of the most successful video games in history.
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statesone world news - 1982 Lebanon War 1982 Israeli forces invade Lebanon
The 1982 Lebanon War was triggered by the attack on Israeli ambassador, Shlomo Argov, in London on June 3. Thousands of civilians died during the war, which lasted three years.
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statesone world news - National Basketball Association 1946 The National Basketball Association (NBA) is founded
The NBA, which comprises teams in the United States and Canada, is considered the world's premier men's professional basketball league.
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statesone world news - Normandy landings 1944 On D-Day, 160,000 Allied soldiers land in Normandy, France
The World War II invasion of Normandy established a new major front against the Germans in the west and helped Soviet forces facing the bulk of German troops in the east. Germany capitulated on May 7, 1945.
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statesone world news - Frozen food 1930 Frozen food is sold in retail stores for the first time
18 stores in Springfield, Massachusetts took part in a trial to test consumer acceptance. Clarence Birdseye, the founder of the Birds Eye Frozen Food Company, is considered to be the father of the modern frozen food industry.
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05 JUN
statesone world news - Timeline of HIV/AIDS 1981 The first cases of AIDS are reported
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention described five cases of a rare form of pneumonia, a deadly immune deficiency disease which later became known as AIDS. In 2000, more than 40 million people worldwide were affected by it.
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statesone world news - Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy 1968 Robert F. Kennedy is assassinated
The attacker, a 24-year old Palestinian, was disgruntled by Kennedy's support for Israel. The brother of former U.S. President, John F. Kennedy, died on the following day.
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statesone world news - Born in the U.S.A. 1967 The "Six-Day War" begins in the Middle East
Israeli forces launched a surprise attack against Egypt, prompting other Arab allies to enter the conflict. Egypt had previously blocked the Straits of Tiran to Israeli traffic and amassed its troops at the border between the two countries.
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statesone world news - Elvis Presley 1956 Elvis Presley first performs “Hound Dog” live on TV
Presley's suggestive hip movements during this performance earned him his nickname, “Elvis the Pelvis”. “Hound Dog” became his best-selling song with about 10 million sold copies.
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statesone world news - Montgolfier brothers 1883 The first "Orient Express" leaves Paris
The legendary train journey from Paris to Istanbul featured in many works of popular culture, including Bram Stoker's “Dracula” and Agatha Christie's “Murder on the Orient Express“.
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04 JUN
statesone world news - Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 1989 Thousands die in the Tiananmen Square Massacre
Using assault rifles and tanks, Chinese troops massacred unarmed civilians who had taken part in pro-democracy protests.
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statesone world news - Polish legislative election, 1989 1989 Poland holds the first free elections after World War II
The landslide victory of the Polish trade union, “Solidarity”, marked the beginning of the Autumn of Nations, a wave of revolutions resulting in the fall of communism.
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statesone world news - Born in the U.S.A. 1984 Bruce Springsteen releases Born in the U.S.A.
The album was Springsteen's most successful. It featured hits like “Born in the U.S.A.”, “Dancing in the Dark”, and “I'm on Fire”.
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statesone world news - Pulitzer Prize 1917 The first "Pulitzer Prize" is awarded
Every year, the prestigious award honors outstanding journalistic achievements. It was established with money bequeathed to Columbia University by publisher Joseph Pulitzer.
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statesone world news - Montgolfier brothers 1783 The Montgolfier brothers demonstrate the first hot air balloon
The flight of the montgolfière lasted only about 10 minutes, but it secured the French inventors a place in the history books.
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03 JUN
statesone world news - Bradley Manning Trial 2013 The trial against whistleblower Bradley Manning begins
The American soldier, a trans woman now called Chelsea Manning, was responsible for leaking classified videos documenting U.S. war atrocities during the Iraq War. She was sentenced to 35 years confinement.
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statesone world news - Eschede derailment 1998 101 people die in the Eschede train disaster
Travelling at 200 km/h (120 mph), a high-speed ICE train derailed and crashed into a bridge. The accident was caused by a fatigue crack in one of the train's wheels. It was the deadliest high-speed train disaster in history.
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statesone world news - Shlomo Argov 1982 The Israeli ambassador to the U.K. is shot
Shlomo Argov survived the assassination attempt by a Palestinian terrorist group, but he was permanently paralyzed. The event triggered the 1982 Lebanon War.
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statesone world news - 1973 Paris Air Show crash 1973 The world's first supersonic airliner crashes
The Soviet Tupolev Tu-144, sometimes referred to as Concordski, disintegrated in mid-air during the 1973 Paris Air Show. 14 people died.
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statesone world news - Martin Behaim 1492 Martin Behaim presents the world's first globe
The German geographer called his terrestrial globe Erdapfel, or Earth Apple. It is kept in a darkened room at the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg, Germany.
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02 JUN
statesone world news - Pope John Paul II 1979 Pope John Paul II becomes the first pontiff to visit a communist country
Millions of spectators lined the streets of Warsaw as the Pope began his nine-day tour of his native Poland.
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statesone world news - Benno Ohnesorg 1967 Benno Ohnesorg, a Geman student is killed
A police officer shot the unarmed German student at a demonstration against the state visit of the controversial Shah of Iran. It later ruled that the shooting was not an act of self-defense. The event was pivotal for the foundation of the terrorist organization “Movement 2 June”.
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statesone world news - Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II 1953 Queen Elizabeth II is crowned
The coronation in London's Westminster Abbey was the first televised major international event in history. Elizabeth's accession to the throne followed the death of her father, King George VI, 16 months previously.
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statesone world news - Italian institutional referendum, 1946 1946 Italy becomes a parliamentary republic
The transition from a monarchy to today's Italian Republic was effected by the favorable outcome of a referendum, in which 89 percent of Italians, also including women for the first time, took part.
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statesone world news - Wedding March (Mendelssohn) 1847 Felix Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" is used at a wedding for the first time
Dorothy Carew and Tom Daniel were the first to use the iconic piece for their wedding ceremony. The event that made the work world famous was the wedding of Victoria, Princess Royal and Prince Frederick William of Prussia in 1858.
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01 JUN
statesone world news - Air France Flight 447 2009 Air France flight 447 crashes into the Atlantic
All 228 people on board died in the crash. It took two years to find and recover the wreckage from the ocean floor.
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statesone world news - Rhodesia 2005 Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) ends 90 years of white rule
In 1980, the Republic of Zimbabwe achieved sovereignty from the United Kingdom.
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statesone world news - South African Constitution of 1961 1945 The first group of Berlin women start clearing the rubble of World War II
In Germany, the Trümmerfrauen are a well-known symbol for a new beginning after the total desolation in the aftermath of the war, and for the Wirtschaftswunder, the rapid reconstruction of Germany's economy through hard labor.
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statesone world news - Henry Heimlich 1874 The Heimlich maneuver is published
Henry Heimlich is credited with developing the technique using abdominal thrusts to stop choking.
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statesone world news - James Clark Ross 1831 The British explorer James Clark Ross discovers the North Magnetic Pole
It is the location where the Earth's magnetic field points directly downwards. It lies in the vicinity of the Geographic North Pole.
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31 MAY
statesone world news - 2013 El Reno tornado 2013 The widest tornado ever recorded hits El Reno, Oklahoma
The storm had a width of 4.2 km (2.6 mi). Nine people were killed as it swept over rural areas of Central Oklahoma.
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statesone world news - Deep Throat (Watergate) 2005 "Deep Throat" reveals himself
Former FBI agent Mark Felt admitted that he was the most important informant in the 1970's Watergate scandal which uncovered the dirty tricks of the Nixon administration, ultimately leading to Nixon's resignation.
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statesone world news - South African Constitution of 1961 1961 South Africa becomes an independent republic
Following international criticism of the country's Apartheid regime, it had to leave the Commonwealth of Nations. The system of racial segregation was gradually abolished in the early 1990s.
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statesone world news - Electric locomotive 1879 Werner von Siemens presents the world's first electric locomotive
Von Siemens' landmark invention was soon used in trams. 1881 saw the introduction of the world's first electric tram in Berlin, Germany.
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statesone world news - Big Ben 1859 The Great Clock housing Big Ben starts keeping time
The clock at the top of Elizabeth Tower at the north end of the British Houses of Parliament is one of the world's best-known timekeepers.
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30 MAY
statesone world news - Nuclear power phase-out 2011 Germany abandons nuclear energy
The government's decision followed the nuclear meltdown at Japan's Fukushima power plant and years of hands-on protests and activism by Germany powerful anti-nuclear movement.
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statesone world news - Biafra 1967^ The Republic of Biafra is proclaimed
The short-lived state consisted of Nigeria's Eastern Region. Its secession sparked the Nigerian Civil War, which lasted until 1970 and resulted in the region's re-integration into Nigeria.
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statesone world news - War Requiem 1962 Benjamin Britten's War Requiem is premiered
The work was performed for the consecration of the new Coventry Cathedral, which had been destroyed in World War II. It juxtaposes the traditional Latin Mass for the Dead with war poems by Wilfred Owen.
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statesone world news - White Christmas (song) 1961 Rafael Trujillo is assassinated
El Jefe had been the Dominican Republic's President for 31 years. Despite the assassination, the intended removal of the dictatorship in the Caribbean country failed as the ruler's son, Ramfis Trujillo, soon stepped into his father's shoes.
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statesone world news - 1911 Indianapolis 500 1911 The first Indianapolis 500 is held
Ray Harroun won the first running of the 500-mile automobile race, which is today one of the world's most prestigious sporting events.
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29 MAY
statesone world news - Olusegun Obasanjo 1999 Olusegun Obasanjo wins Nigeria's first free elections in 16 years
The former Nigerian Army general and military ruler oversaw a democratization process that defines the country's political system to the present day.
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statesone world news - Benjamin Netanyahu 1996 Benjamin Netanyahu becomes Israel's prime minister
The conservative politician is criticized for hampering the peace process that former prime minister, Yitzhak Rabin, had promoted.
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statesone world news - Amnesty International 1953 Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay conquer Mount Everest
The first successful ascent of the world's highest mountain came after Tom Bourdillon and Charles Evans had come within 100 meters of the summit just three days previously.
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statesone world news - White Christmas (song) 1942 Bing Crosby records White Christmas
Crosby's rendition of Irving Berlin's song became the most successful of his career and the best-selling Christmas single in history.
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statesone world news - The Rite of Spring 1913 Igor Stravinsky's ballet Le Sacre du printemps is premiered
The performance sparked a riot in the audience as many felt its irregular beat and the percussive character was a sacrilege against music. Today, it is considered one of the key works of 20th-century art music.
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28 MAY
statesone world news - Chagai-I 1998 Pakistan detonates five atom bombs
The nuclear tests came as a response to India's tests just days earlier. Fearing a devastating conflict between the two nuclear powers, a number of countries, including the U.S. and Japan, imposed economic sanctions.
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statesone world news - Mathias Rust 1987 Mathias Rust lands on the Red Square in Moscow
The 19-year old West German amateur pilot illegally landed his Cessna in the heart of the Russian capital at the height of the Cold War.
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statesone world news - Amnesty International 1961 Amnesty International is founded
The publication of Peter Benenson's article “The forgotten prisoners” is commonly considered the organization's birth hour. Amnesty International is one of the world's most influential human rights organizations.
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statesone world news - Volkswagen (film) 1937 Volkswagen (VW) is founded
The automobile manufacturer whose name means “People's Car” in German is one of the world's biggest. It produced classics like the VW Golf and the VW Beetle.
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statesone world news - Alan Turing 1936 Alan Turing submits On Computable Numbers for publication
In this landmark paper, the British computer pioneer described the Turing Machine and defined the inherent limits of computation.
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27 MAY
statesone world news - 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake 2006 A massive earthquake devastates parts of Java, Indonesia
With 5 million people living within 50 km of the quake's epicenter, about 6000 died, and 1.5 million were left homeless.
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statesone world news - Operation Anthropoid 1942 Czech resistance fighters kill Reinhard Heydrich
The high-ranking German Nazi official was one of the main architects of the Holocaust. In retaliation, the Nazis murdered all male inhabitants over 15 years of age in the Czech village of Lidice and deported most of the remaining people to concentration camps.
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statesone world news - Golden Gate Bridge Opening 1937 The "Golden Gate Bridge" is opened
The suspension bridge connecting San Francisco peninsula with Marin County is one of the most recognized works of United States architecture.
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statesone world news - Three Little Pigs (film) 1933 Walt Disney's cartoon Three Little Pigs is released
The animated short film is one of the best-known cartoons of all time. In 1934, it was awarded the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film.
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statesone world news - London 1851 chess tournament 1851 The world's first chess tournament is held in London
Adolf Anderssen, a maths teacher from Wrocław, won the tournament, which was held parallel to the 1851 Great Exhibition.
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26 MAY
statesone world news - China Airlines Flight 611 1972 The Soviet Union and the United States sign the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty
The "ABM Treaty" regulated the establishment of anti-ballistic missile shields against nuclear missiles. It was one of the most important treaties between the two superpowers during the Cold War.
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statesone world news - Tupolev Tu-144 1970 The Tupolev Tu-144 becomes the first commercial transport to exceed Mach 2
The Russian plane, sometimes nicknamed Concordski, first took to the skies in 1968, two months before the Concorde.
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statesone world news - 1923 24 Hours of Le Mans 1923 The 24 Hours of Le Mans is held for the first time
Only three competitors completed the race in 1923. The winners were André Lagarde and Albert Leonard of France, who covered 2210 kilometers in 24 hours.
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statesone world news - Masjed Soleyman 1908 Engineers make the first major oil find in the Middle East
The discovery in Masjed Soleyman in Iran had a major impact on the country's and the world region's economy and politics. More than half of the world's oil reserves are located in the Middle East.
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statesone world news - Dow Jones Industrial Average 1896 The "Dow Jones Industrial Average" is first published
The Dow Jones is one of the world's most important stock market indices. Today it comprises data from 30 major U.S. companies.
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25 MAY
statesone world news - China Airlines Flight 611 2002 A China Airlines jumbo jet breaks apart in mid-air
The Boeing 747 aircraft crashed into the Taiwan Strait, leaving no survivors among the 225 people on board. The accident was caused by improper repairs 22 years earlier, and the airplane was far beyond the serviceable life recommended by Boeing in terms of the number of flights, total hours in the air, and the number of years in service.
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statesone world news - American Airlines Flight 191 1979 American Airlines flight 191 crashes shortly after takeoff
The photo showing the lopsided DC-10 hurtling towards the ground at O'Hare International Airport in Chicago is one of the most horrifying images in aviation history. All 258 people on board died.
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statesone world news - Disappearance of Etan Patz 1979 Etan Patz disappears
The disappearance and murder of the 6-year-old boy from New York City and the extensive publicity it received helped spark the missing children's movement.
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statesone world news - Star Wars (film) 1977 The first Star Wars film is released
George Lucas' epic space opera encompassing seven films is one of the most popular works in movie history.
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statesone world news - Organisation of African Unity 1963 32 African countries form a coalition against white rule
The Organisation of African Unity was founded to promote decolonization and end white minority governments in Africa. The OAU was replaced by the African Union in 2002.
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24 MAY
statesone world news - Versailles wedding hall disaster 1992 23 die in the Jerusalem wedding hall disaster
Hundreds of wedding guests fell two stories deep when a portion of the third floor collapsed. The tragedy was Israel's worst civil disaster.
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statesone world news - Eurovision Song Contest 1956 1956 The first Eurovision Song Contest is held
Lys Assia won the first edition for Switzerland. The ESC is a major song contest in Europe and one of the world's longest-running TV programs. It is held in a different country each year.
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statesone world news - Amy Johnson 1930 Amy Johnson flies solo from England to Australia
The English aviatrix was the first woman to achieve this feat. Her 18,000 km (11,000 mi) flight aboard a de Havilland Gypsy Moth aircraft took her from Croydon, U.K. to Darwin, Australia in 19 days.
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statesone world news - Kola Superdeep Borehole 1960 Engineers begin drilling the world's deepest hole
The "Kola Superdeep Borehole" had reached the unsurpassed depth of 12,262 meters (40,230 feett) before the project was abandoned due to lack of funding.
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statesone world news - Mary Had a Little Lamb 1930 Mary had a little lamb is published
Sarah Josepha Hale's poem is one of the best-known English language nursery rhymes.
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23 MAY
statesone world news - Giovanni Falcone 1992 The Italian mafia murder Giovanni Falcone
Falcone, a judge, was the mafia's most prominent adversary. After he, together with his wife and three bodyguards, fell victim to a car bomb, Falcone became a folk hero in Italy.
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statesone world news - Tommy (album) 1969 "The Who" release Tommy
The British rock band's fourth album is considered the first musical work of the rock opera genre..
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statesone world news - Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet 1951 Delegates of the Dalai Lama sign the Seventeen Point Agreement
The contract affirmed Chinese sovereignty over Tibet. According to Tibetan officials, the document was signed under duress and is, therefore, invalid.
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statesone world news - West Germany 1949 The Federal Republic of Germany is established
The proclamation of the "Grundgesetz`", Germany's current constitution, marked the birth hour of the republic. The foundation of West Germany came four years after the demise of the Nazi regime and the end of World War II.
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statesone world news - Bábism 1844 Siyyid `Alí Muḥammad Shírází founds Bábism
"The Báb", as he called himself, created the religion which was a forerunner of the Bahá'í Faith. His teachings were seen as a threat by the Islamic clergy, and his followers were brutally persecuted by the Persian government.
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22 MAY
statesone world news - Tokyo Skytree 2012 The world's tallest tower is opened to the public
At 643 meters (2080 feet), the "Tokyo Skytree" in Japan's capital city is also the second tallest structure in the world after Burj Khalifa in Dubai. Its prime purpose is relaying TV and radio signals.
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statesone world news - Air India Express Flight 812 2010 A Boeing 737 crash kills 158. Only 8 passengers survived.
Air India Express Flight 812 overshot the runway on landing at Mangalore International Airport. It fell over a cliff and burst into flames. The 737 is the world's most widely flown aircraft.
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statesone world news - Pac-Man 1980 The arcade game "Pac-Man" is released
The game featuring a dot-munching round yellow figure moving through a maze has become one of the best-known video games in history. It was produced by Namco.
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statesone world news - 1960 Valdivia earthquake 1960 The most violent earthquake in recorded history hits Chile
The most violent earthquake in recorded history hits Chile.
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statesone world news - WAC Corporal 1946 First US rocket (named "WAC Corporal" or the "WAC") to reach edge of space fired from White Sands Missile Range New Mexico
A few "WAC Corporals" survive in museums, including one at the National Air and Space Museum and another in the White Sands Missile Range Museum.
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statesone world news - Pact of Steel 1939 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini sign "Pact of Steel"
Known formally as the "Pact of Friendship and Alliance between Germany and Italy", it was a military and political alliance between the Kingdom of Italy and Nazi Germany. The pact consisted of two parts. The first section was an open declaration of continuing trust and cooperation between Germany and Italy while the second, a "Secret Supplementary Protocol", encouraged a union of policies concerning the military and economy.
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statesone world news - Wright brothers patent war 1906 The Wright brothers' flying machine is patented
The American aviation pioneers are credited with having performed “the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight.” (Fédération Aéronautique Internationale)
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statesone world news - Theatrum Orbis Terrarum 1570 'Theatrum Orbis Terrarum' (Theatre of the World) is published by Abraham Ortelius in Antwerp with 70 maps
"Theatrum Orbis Terrarum" is considered to be the first true modern atlas of the world.
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statesone world news - Battle of the Granicus 334 BC The Macedonian army of Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of the Granicus
The Battle of the Granicus River in May 334 BC was the first of three major battles fought between Alexander the Great and the Persian Empire. The battle took place on the road from Abydos to Dascylium (near modern-day Ergili, Turkey), at the crossing of the Granicus River (modern-day Biga Çayı).
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21 MAY
statesone world news - Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi 2006 Former Prime Minister of India, Rajiv Gandhi, is assassinated
The attacker was a woman believed to be linked the Sri Lankan separatist militant organization, the Tamil Tigers. At least 14 people lost their lives in the suicide bombing.
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statesone world news - White Night riots 1979 Violent clashes follow the lenient sentencing for Harvey Milk's murderer
Milk, the first openly gay U.S. politician, had been shot and killed together with San Francisco Mayor George Moscone. The assassin, Dan White, was convicted of voluntary manslaughter only, triggering the White Night Riots.
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statesone world news - 9th Street Art Exhibition 1951 The "9th Street Art Exhibition" opens in New York
The ground-breaking art exhibition showing works by artists like Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning is considered the birth hour of the artistic avant-garde referred to as the New York School.
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statesone world news - Amelia Earhart 1932 Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly solo nonstop across the Atlantic
The U.S. aviatress' disappearance on an attempted round-the-world flight five years later is one of the most discussed unsolved mysteries in the history of flight.
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statesone world news - Charles Lindbergh 1927 Aviator Charles Lindbergh, in the Spirit of St Louis, lands in Paris after the first solo air crossing of Atlantic
The earliest known shoes are sandals dating from approximately 7000 or 8000 BC, found in the Fort Rock Cave in the US state of Oregon in 1938.
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statesone world news - History of FIFA 1904 FIFA, the world governing body of association football, is founded
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association is responsible for the organization of the World Cup, which is one of the world's most viewed sporting events.
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statesone world news - 1832 Democratic National Convention 1832 1st Democratic National Convention (Baltimore)
The purpose of the convention was to choose a running mate for incumbent President Andrew Jackson of Tennessee, rather than the previous methods of using a caucus of Congressional representatives and senators.
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statesone world news - 1792 Unzen earthquake and tsunami 1904 Mount Unzen eruption
Mount Unzen on Japan's Shimabara Peninsula, erupts creating a tsunami, killing about 15,000; Japan's deadliest volcanic eruption
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20 MAY
statesone world news - Three Gorges Dam 2006 The Three Gorges Dam is officially opened
The hydroelectric dam is the world's largest power station in terms of installed capacity. Despite its benefits, the project remains controversial because it flooded archeological and cultural sites and displaced some 1.3 million people.
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statesone world news - Church Street bombing 1983 In South Africa, a car bomb planted by anti-Apartheid activists kills 19
The Church Street Bombing was carried out by the military wing of the African National Congress (ANC). It was one of the bloodiest chapters in the ANC’s long and difficult struggle against racial segregation and oppression in South Africa.
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statesone world news - Auschwitz concentration camp 1940 The first prisoners arrive at Auschwitz concentration camp
Auschwitz was the biggest extermination camp during World War II. From 1940 to 1945, the Nazi regime murdered at least 1.1 million people here.
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statesone world news - Charles Lindbergh 1927 Charles Lindbergh takes off on the first solo non-stop transatlantic flight
He departed from Long Island in the United States and arrived in Paris, France at 22:22 on the next day.
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statesone world news - Levi Strauss 1873 Blue jeans are patented
Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis invented the garment, which today represents one of the most popular types of trousers worldwide.
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statesone world news - Shoe history 1310 Shoes were made for both right & left feet
The earliest known shoes are sandals dating from approximately 7000 or 8000 BC, found in the Fort Rock Cave in the US state of Oregon in 1938.
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statesone world news - 1293 Kamakura earthquake 1293 Earthquake strikes Kamakura Japan, 30,000 killed
The 1293 Kamakura earthquake in Japan occurred at about 06:00 local time on 27 May 1293.
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18 MAY
statesone world news - History of same-sex marriage in the United States 2009 The Sri Lankan Civil War ends
The 25-year conflict between the government and the separatist Tamil Tigers had claimed up to 100,000 lives. It ended with the Tigers' defeat.
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statesone world news - 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens 1980 Mount St. Helens erupts
The eruption killed 57 people. A large part of the previously cone-shaped volcano was replaced by a massive crater; its summit is now some 1300 feet (400 meters) lower than before the eruption.
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statesone world news - Smiling Buddha 1974 India becomes the sixth nation to explode an atomic bomb in operation code "Smiling Buddha"
The bomb was detonated on the army base, Pokhran Test Range (PTR), in Rajasthan by the Indian Army under the supervision of several key Indian generals.
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statesone world news - Bath School disaster 1927 45 people die in the United States' worst school massacre
Chancellor Willy Brandt signed the treaty, by which Germany gives up any territorial claims and guarantees the Oder-Neisse line as the valid border to Poland.
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statesone world news - Frankfurt Parliament 1848 The first German National Assembly gathers in Frankfurt
The assembly constituted the first freely elected parliament of Germany. It produced a constitution that provided the basis for today's constitution of Germany (Grundgesetz).
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statesone world news - Khodynka Tragedy 1896 Khodynka Tragedy
A mass panic on Khodynka Field, Moscow, during the festivities of the coronation of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, results in the deaths of 1,389 people.
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statesone world news - Coronation of Napoleon I 1804 Napoleon Bonaparte is appointed Emperor of the French
On May 18, 1804, the Sénat conservateur vested the Republican government of the French First Republic in an Emperor, and preparations for a coronation followed. Napoleon's elevation to Emperor was overwhelmingly approved by the French citizens in the French constitutional referendum of 1804.
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17 MAY
statesone world news - History of same-sex marriage in the United States 2004 Massachusetts becomes the first U.S. state to legalize same-sex marriage
Massachusetts became the sixth jurisdiction in the world (after the Netherlands, Belgium, Ontario, British Columbia, and Quebec) to legalize same-sex marriage. It was the first U.S. state to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples.
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statesone world news - Homosexuality and psychology 1990 The WHO deletes homosexuality from its list of mental diseases
Precisely 14 years later, the first same-sex marriages in the United States were performed as Massachusetts became the first state to legalize them.
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statesone world news - Treaty of Warsaw (1970) 1972 Germany's "Bundestag" ratifies the Treaty of Warsaw
Chancellor Willy Brandt signed the treaty, by which Germany gives up any territorial claims and guarantees the Oder-Neisse line as the valid border to Poland.
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statesone world news - Bay of Pigs Invasion 1961 Castro offers to exchange Bay of Pigs prisoners for 500 bulldozers
British lawyer, James Puckle, invented the 25.4 mm caliber “Puckle Gun” for the use on ships. It was designed for two bullet types: round bullets for Christians and (more damaging) square bullets for Turks.
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statesone world news - Brown v. Board of Education 1954 The U.S. Supreme Court declares racially segregated public schools unconstitutional
Despite this landmark decision, de facto racial segregation was upheld for years in some areas of the United States.
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statesone world news - Operation Chastise 1943 The Royal Air Force "dambusters" wreck three German dams
The RAF squadron used revolutionary bouncing bombs to avoid the torpedo nets protecting the dams. The audacious air raid was depicted in a 1954 war film.
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statesone world news - Narváez expedition 1527 Pánfilo de Narváez departs Spain to explore Florida with 600 men - by 1536 only 4 survive
The crew initially numbered about 600, including men from Spain, Portugal, Greece, and Italy. Making stops along the way to Florida at Hispaniola and Cuba, the expedition suffered a hurricane, among other storms, losing two ships. After landing near Sarasota Bay, Florida, the expedition was split, with 300 men sent overland in search of gold. They were subject to attacks by American Indians, and suffered from disease and severe lack of food.
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16 MAY
statesone world news - Junko Tabei 1975 Junko Tabei becomes the first woman to conquer Mount Everest
The ascent by the Japanese adventurer came 22 years after Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay became the first to reach the summit.
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statesone world news - Cultural Revolution 1966 In China, the Cultural Revolution begins
The publication of the May 16 notification marks the beginning of the political campaign, which was initiated by Mao Zedong and lasted ten years. Its objective was to strengthen communism by removing capitalist, traditional and cultural elements from Chinese society.
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statesone world news - Theodore Harold Maiman 1960 Theodore Maiman fires the first functional laser
Ellen Church and her team served snacks on a United Airlines flight from Oakland to Chicago. The flight attendants were also responsible for refueling the aircraft, handling luggage, and checking tickets.
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statesone world news - 1st Academy Awards 1929 The Oscars are awarded for the first time
The first Academy Awards were presented at a private dinner with about 270 attendees. Today, it is the world's most important entertainment awards ceremony.
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statesone world news - Albert Cushing Read 1919 Albert Cushing Read takes off on the first transatlantic flight in history
British lawyer, James Puckle, invented the 25.4 mm caliber “Puckle Gun” for the use on ships. It was designed for two bullet types: round bullets for Christians and (more damaging) square bullets for Turks.
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15 MAY
statesone world news - 1948 Arab–Israeli War 1948 Egypt, Syria, Transjordan and Iraq invade Israel
The First Arab-Israeli War was initiated by Israel's proclamation of independence on the day before the invasion. It lasted nearly 10 months and caused thousands of casualties on both sides.
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statesone world news - History of McDonald's 1940 The first McDonald's fast food restaurant opens
Maurice “Mac” and Richard “Dick” McDonald opened McDonald's Bar-B-Q in San Bernardino. Today, McDonald's is the world's largest fast food chain.
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statesone world news - Flight attendant 1930 The first airline stewardess goes on duty
Ellen Church and her team served snacks on a United Airlines flight from Oakland to Chicago. The flight attendants were also responsible for refueling the aircraft, handling luggage, and checking tickets.
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statesone world news - Mickey Mouse 1928 The first "Mickey Mouse" film is screened
The 6-minute film “Plane Crazy” directed by Walt Disney shows Mickey trying to fly an airplane in reference to Charles Lindbergh. Today, Mickey Mouse is one of the world's most recognized cartoon characters and the official mascot of the Walt Disney Company.
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statesone world news - Puckle gun 1718 The world's first machine gun is patented
British lawyer, James Puckle, invented the 25.4 mm caliber “Puckle Gun” for the use on ships. It was designed for two bullet types: round bullets for Christians and (more damaging) square bullets for Turks.
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14 MAY
statesone world news - Skylab 1973 "Skylab" blasts off into orbit
The United States' first space station crashed back to Earth on July 11, 1979, four years ahead of schedule. In its six years of service, the laboratory was used for many biomedical and technological experiments.
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statesone world news - Red Army Faction 1970 The Red Army Faction (RAF) begins operations
The German left-wing activist group grew out of the peace and anti-imperialist movement of the 1960s. In reaction to the violent oppression by the German state, they later began operating as a terrorist cell and are responsible for several murders.
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statesone world news - Warsaw Pact 1955 The Warsaw Pact is established
Eight communist bloc countries signed the mutual defense treaty, which played an important role during the Cold War as an antagonist of NATO.
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statesone world news - Israeli Declaration of Independence 1948 Israeli declaration of independence
The announcement by Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, triggered a 10-month armed conflict known as the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. It started the day after the proclamation as troops of Egypt, Syria, Transjordan and Iraq invaded the young nation.
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statesone world news - Smallpox vaccine 1796 The first smallpox vaccination is administered
The British physician, Edward Jenner, successfully inoculated an 8-year-old smallpox patient using material from a cowpox lesion. The word “vaccine” is derived from the Latin word for cow (vacca).
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13 MAY
statesone world news - Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 1989 Thousands of students begin a hunger strike on Tiananmen Square in Beijing
The non-violent occupation of the square was part of anti-corruption and pro-democracy demonstrations. Some 3000 unarmed civilians were killed when the army cracked down on the protesters on June 3-4, 1989.
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statesone world news - Pope John Paul II assassination attempt 1981 Pope John Paul II survives an assassination attempt
Turkish right-wing extremist Mehmet Ali Ağca fired two shots at John Paul II on St. Peter's Square. The Pope was seriously wounded but survived thanks to a 5-hour operation and went on to visit his attacker in prison.
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statesone world news - 1950 Formula One season 1950 The first Formula One World Championship season kicks offs
Giuseppe Farina won the first FIA World Championship of Drivers for the Alfa Romeo team.
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statesone world news - Juan María Fernández y Krohn 1940 Igor Sikorsky pilots his VS-300 helicopter's maiden flight
The helicopter was the first successful model to use the single vertical tail rotor that most helicopters feature today.
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statesone world news - History of the Giro d'Italia 1909 The Giro d'Italia cycle race is held for the first time
The Giro is considered one of the world's most important cycle races. Luigi Ganna won the first edition, which went from Milan to Naples and back.
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12 MAY
statesone world news - 2008 Sichuan earthquake 2008 A massive earthquake rocks China
The magnitude 7.9 quake left some 69,000 people dead, 18,000 missing, and 4.8 million homeless. It was the deadliest earthquake in China since 1976 when the Tangshan earthquake killed over 240,000 people.
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statesone world news - May 1998 riots of Indonesia 1998 Violent clashes follow the killing of four protesters in Jakarta, Indonesia
The riots eventually led to the resignation of President Suharto.
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statesone world news - Nagorno-Karabakh War 1994 The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict ends
With the signing of the Bishkek Protocol a week earlier, Armenian and Azerbaijani diplomats had formalized the ceasefire that went into effect on May 12. The conflict itself remains unsolved.
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statesone world news - Juan María Fernández y Krohn 1982 A Spanish priest attempts to assassinate Pope John Paul II
Juan María Fernández y Krohn opposed the reforms initiated by the Second Vatican Council and believed that the Pope was a Communist agent. John Paul II escaped with minor injuries.
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statesone world news - Z3 (computer) 1941 The world's first programmable, fully automatic computer is presented
The Z3 was designed by German inventor, Konrad Zuse. The original machine was destroyed in an air raid. A replica can be seen at the Deutsches Museum in Munich.
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11 MAY
statesone world news - Demographics of India 2015 India's poulation officially reaches 1 billion - "Astha Arora" named India's billionth baby
India is the second most populated country in the world with nearly a fifth of the world's population. According to the United Nations in July 2016, the population stood at 1,326,801,576.
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statesone world news - Operation Sandblast 1996 ValuJet flight 592 crashes into the Florida Everglades shortly after takeoff
All 110 people on board lost their lives in the crash that was caused by a fire in the cargo compartment.
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statesone world news - Pokhran-II 1994 India executes a series of nuclear weapons tests
The detonations raised fears of a nuclear conflict in the area and sparked international protests. On May 13, 1998, India officially declared itself a nuclear power.
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statesone world news - Bradford City stadium fire 1985 56 football fans die in a stadium fire
During a match against Lincoln City, the wooden stands at Valley Parade football ground went up in flames. The exits were locked. A burning cigarette thrown into a waste bin has been determined as the probable cause of the disaster.
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statesone world news - Cats (musical) 1981 The musical Cats is premiered
The piece sparked a musical craze around the world and catapulted the composer Andrew Lloyd Webber to stardom.
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statesone world news - Combined oral contraceptive pill 1960 1st contraceptive pill is made available for sale
Contraceptive pills are currently used by more than 100 million women worldwide and by almost 12 million women in the United States.
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statesone world news - Mercedes-Benz 1924 Mercedes-Benz is formed by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz, merging the two companies
The brand is known for luxury vehicles, buses, coaches, and trucks. The headquarters is in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg.
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statesone world news - Diamond Sutra 868 The earliest surviving dated printed book is produced in China
The “Diamond Sutra” is one of the most important texts in Mahayana Buddhism. The British Library in London presently houses the copy.
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10 MAY
statesone world news - Presidency of Nelson Mandela 1994 Nelson Mandela becomes South Africa's first black president
Mandela's inauguration came after more than 300 years of white rule. Before becoming president, he was a pivotal figure in the fight against the racist apartheid regime and was incarcerated for 27 years.
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statesone world news - Operation Sandblast 1960 US atomic sub USS Triton completes 1st submerged circumnavigation of the globe
Operation Sandblast was the code name for the first submerged circumnavigation of the world, executed by the United States Navy nuclear-powered radar picket submarine USS Triton (SSRN-586) in 1960 under the command of Captain Edward L. Beach.
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statesone world news - Rock Around the Clock 1954 Bill Haley releases “Rock Around the Clock”
It was the first rock song to top the Billboard charts and has become a classic of the early rock era.
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statesone world news - Rudolf Hess 1941 Adolf Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, parachutes into Scotland to broker a peace agreement
Hess was captured and interrogated. He was the last in a long line of prominent figures to be incarcerated in the Tower of London. Hitler characterized his peace mission four years before the end of World War II as treason.
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statesone world news - Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1940 Winston Churchill succeeds Neville Chamberlain as British Prime Minister
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom. The prime minister (informal abbreviation: PM) and Cabinet (consisting of all the most senior ministers, most of whom are government department heads) are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Monarch, to Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate.
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statesone world news - Nazi book burnings 1933 Nazis ceremonially burn about 25,000 allegedly “un-German” books
The book burnings were part of the right-wing German Student Union's Action against the Un-German Spirit. Among the burnt books were works by Albert Einstein, Bertolt Brecht, Sigmund Freud, and Franz Kafka.
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statesone world news - First Transcontinental Railroad 1869 In the United States, the first coast to coast railroad is completed
The Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroad systems were joined at Promontory Summit in Utah, using a “Golden Spike”. This last spike is now housed in the Cantor Arts Museum at Stanford University.
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statesone world news - Indian Rebellion of 1857 1857 Indian Mutiny begins with revolt of Sepoys in Meerut
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown.
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09 MAY
statesone world news - 1984 Summer Olympics boycott 2012 Sukhoi Superjet 100 plane crashes
The regional jet was the first airliner produced in Russia since the end of the USSR in 1991. The doomed flight was a demonstration tour carrying potential customers. All 45 people on board perished in the crash, which was caused by pilot error.
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statesone world news - Smallpox eradication WHO 1980 World Health Organization announced smallpox had been eradicated
Prior to the Italian and Austrian mountaineers' ascent, it was thought to be impossible to conquer the world's highest mountain without supplemental oxygen.
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statesone world news - Reinhold Messner 1978 Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler climb Mount Everest without oxygen supply
Prior to the Italian and Austrian mountaineers' ascent, it was thought to be impossible to conquer the world's highest mountain without supplemental oxygen.
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statesone world news - Let It Be 1945 The Beatles release the album "Let It Be"
The capitulation ended World War II, one of the bloodiest conflicts of all time. According to estimates, between 40 and 71 million people died in the war and the Holocaust initiated by Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime.
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statesone world news - L'Oiseau Blanc 1927 The "White Bird" ("L'Oiseau Blanc", fr.) and its crew mysteriously disappear
French aviators, Charles Nungesser and François Coli, had taken off from Paris in their Levasseur PL.8 biplane in an attempt to make the first non-stop transatlantic flight. Their disappearance remains a mystery. Charles Lindbergh succeeded two weeks later.
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statesone world news - Treaty of Shimonoseki 1895 China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
The Treaty of Shimonoseki on April 17, 1895, between the Empire of Japan and the Qing Empire, ending the First Sino-Japanese War. The peace conference took place from March 20 to April 17, 1895. This treaty followed and superseded the Sino-Japanese Friendship and Trade Treaty of 1871.
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statesone world news - Coca-Cola 1886 Coca-Cola is invented
According to legend, Dr. John Styth Pemberton, an Atlanta pharmacist, produced the syrup in a brass pot in his backyard. It was first intended as a patent medicine. Today, Coca-Cola is one of the world's most popular soft drinks and one of the most recognized trademarks.
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08 MAY
statesone world news - 1984 Summer Olympics boycott 1984 Moscow announces that the USSR will not take part in the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles
Several other countries, such as Cuba, Afghanistan, Bulgaria, Ethiopia, Eastern Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Vietnam joined the boycott. 4 years earlier, the United States had not sent any athletes to the Summer Olympics in Moscow.
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statesone world news - Smallpox eradication WHO 1980 World Health Organization announced smallpox had been eradicated
Prior to the Italian and Austrian mountaineers' ascent, it was thought to be impossible to conquer the world's highest mountain without supplemental oxygen.
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statesone world news - Reinhold Messner 1978 Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler climb Mount Everest without oxygen supply
Prior to the Italian and Austrian mountaineers' ascent, it was thought to be impossible to conquer the world's highest mountain without supplemental oxygen.
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statesone world news - Let It Be 1945 The Beatles release the album "Let It Be"
The capitulation ended World War II, one of the bloodiest conflicts of all time. According to estimates, between 40 and 71 million people died in the war and the Holocaust initiated by Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime.
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statesone world news - L'Oiseau Blanc 1927 The "White Bird" ("L'Oiseau Blanc", fr.) and its crew mysteriously disappear
French aviators, Charles Nungesser and François Coli, had taken off from Paris in their Levasseur PL.8 biplane in an attempt to make the first non-stop transatlantic flight. Their disappearance remains a mystery. Charles Lindbergh succeeded two weeks later.
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statesone world news - Treaty of Shimonoseki 1895 China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
The Treaty of Shimonoseki on April 17, 1895, between the Empire of Japan and the Qing Empire, ending the First Sino-Japanese War. The peace conference took place from March 20 to April 17, 1895. This treaty followed and superseded the Sino-Japanese Friendship and Trade Treaty of 1871.
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statesone world news - Coca-Cola 1886 Coca-Cola is invented
According to legend, Dr. John Styth Pemberton, an Atlanta pharmacist, produced the syrup in a brass pot in his backyard. It was first intended as a patent medicine. Today, Coca-Cola is one of the world's most popular soft drinks and one of the most recognized trademarks.
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07 MAY
statesone world news - Russian presidential election, 2000 2000 Vladimir Putin becomes President of Russia
The former KGB officer enjoys high approval ratings in his country as living standards in Russia have improved drastically under his rule. Internationally, he has been criticized for his authoritarian style of government.
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statesone world news - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pete_Peterson 1997 Pete Peterson becomes the first U.S. ambassador to visit Vietnam after the end of the war
Peterson, a Vietnam veteran, devoted himself to promoting reconciliation between the two countries. About 2.5 million Vietnamese, most of them civilians, were killed during the war.
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statesone world news - Habib Elghanian 1979 Iranian Jewish businessman Habib Elghanian is executed
An Islamic revolutionary tribunal had convicted him of “contacts with Israel and Zionism” and “friendship with the enemies of God”. His execution triggered a Jewish mass exodus from Iran.
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statesone world news - Carlos Lamarca 1969 Carlos Lamarca begins his fight against Brazil's military dictatorship
Lamarca was a member of the communist organization Vanguardia Popular Revolucionária (VPR) and is well known for his urban guerilla actions. Brazilian forces killed him in 1971.
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statesone world news - Birth control in the United States 1960 The first birth control pill is approved
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced that it would add birth control as a new indication for the drug “Enovid”.
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06 MAY
statesone world news - Iranian Embassy siege 2004 The final episode "The Last One" of Friends is aired
The immensely popular sitcom about Rachel, Monica, Phoebe, Joey, Chandler, and Ross had been produced since 1994. The final episode “The Last One” was watched by 52 million viewers.
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statesone world news - Channel Tunnel 1994 The Channel Tunnel linking the United Kingdom with France is opened
Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and French President François Mitterrand inaugurated the “Chunnel”. It measures just over 50 km (31 mi) and is the tunnel with the world's longest undersea portion.
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statesone world news - 1976 Friuli earthquake 1976 A massive earthquake hits northeast Italy
939 people died and 157,000 were left homeless in Italy's worst earthquake, which measured 6.5 on the Richter scale.
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statesone world news - Four-minute mile 1954 Roger Bannister becomes the first person to run a mile in under 4 minutes
The British athlete took 3 minutes and 59.4 seconds to cover 1609 meters. The current record by Moroccan Hicham El Guerrouj stands at 3:43.13 (as at February 2014).
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statesone world news - Hindenburg disaster 1937 The Hindenburg zeppelin filled with hydrogen goes up in flames
The footage showing a colossal fireball engulfing the German airship during a landing attempt in Lakehurst, NJ, has become iconic for the end of the zeppelin era. 35 lives were lost in the crash.
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05 MAY
statesone world news - Iranian Embassy siege 1980 The British Special Air Service (SAS) terminate the Iranian Embassy siege in London
Six gunmen had held 26 people hostage for six days, demanding the release of Iranian Arab prisoners. Two of the hostages were killed.
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statesone world news - German reunification 1955 West Germany regains full sovereignty after World War II
The Federal Republic of Germany had been established in 1949. Its provisional capital was Bonn. After the 1990 reunification of East and West Germany, Berlin was declared the country's capital.
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statesone world news - Council of Europe 1949 The Council of Europe is founded
The organization was the first to work for European integration. It has 47 member countries and is a completely separate entity from the European Union (EU).
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statesone world news - The Three Stooges 1934 The first Three Stooges film is released
The comedy trio soon became famous, especially in the U.S., for their short films featuring slapstick humor.
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statesone world news - Cy Young's perfect game 1904 Cy Young pitches the first perfect game in modern major league baseball
A game is considered perfect when none of the opposing players reaches the first base. Young's team, the Boston Americans, won 3-0 over the Philadelphia Athletics
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04 MAY
statesone world news - Gaza–Jericho Agreement 1999 Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat sign a peace accord to ensure Palestinian self-rule in Gaza and Jericho
Together with Shimon Peres, the two leaders received the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize. A year later, Rabin was assassinated by a Jewish extremist.
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statesone world news - 1st Annual Grammy Awards 1959 First Grammy Awards: Perry Como & Ella Fitzgerald win
It is one of the most prestigious awards in the music industry. Winners of the first edition included Ella Fitzgerald, Henry Mancini, and Frank Sinatra.
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statesone world news - 1953 Pulitzer Prize 1953 Ernest Hemingway wins the Pulitzer Prize
The American author was awarded the prestigious accolade for his novel The Old Man and the Sea. The story about a fisherman and his battle with a large marlin also earned him the Nobel Prize for Literature.
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statesone world news - History of the Panama Canal 1904 The United States takes over the construction of the Panama Canal
French engineers had begun digging a waterway between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans in 1881, but they had to abandon the project after about 22,000 lives had been lost to accidents and disease.
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statesone world news - Royal Observatory, Greenwich 1675 King Charles II of England commissions the "Royal Observatory" in Greenwich
The observatory was built on the prime meridian. The mean solar time at this location is the basis for Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
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statesone world news - Margaret Mitchell Gone with the wild 1814 King Ferdinand VII of Spain signs the Decree of the 4th of May, returning Spain to absolutism.
Ferdinand VII (Spanish: Fernando VII de Borbón) was twice King of Spain: in 1808 and again from 1813 to his death. He was known to his supporters as "the Desired" (el Deseado) and to his detractors as the "Felon King" (el Rey Felón). After being overthrown by Napoleon in 1808 he linked his monarchy to counter-revolution and reactionary policies that produced a deep rift in Spain between his forces on the right and liberals on the left.
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03 MAY
statesone world news - 1999 Bridge Creek–Moore tornado 1999 A tornado produces the highest wind speeds ever recorded
The F5 tornado hitting parts of Oklahoma City caused the record wind speed of about 301 mph (484 km/h). 45 people were killed, 665 injured.
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statesone world news - Margaret Thatcher 1979 Margaret Thatcher is elected British Prime Minister
The conservative politician was the first female head of state in Europe. During her 11-year reign, her sweeping economic reforms polarized the British public and her toughness earning her the nickname "The Iron Lady".
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statesone world news - Breakfast at Tiffany's (novella) 1958 Truman Capote's book "Breakfast at Tiffany's" is published
The novella is one of the U.S. author's most popular works. he 1961 film of the same name starring Audrey Hepburn is classic in its genre.
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statesone world news - ARA General Belgrano 1958 Truman Capote's book Breakfast at Tiffany's is published
The Dachau liberation reprisals were a series of incidents in which German prisoners of war were killed by American soldiers and concentration camp internees at the Dachau concentration camp on April 29, 1945, during World War II. It is unclear how many SS members were killed in the incident but most estimates place the number killed at around 35-50.
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statesone world news - Raja Harishchandra 1913 The first Indian full-length feature film is premiered
The release of Raja Harishchandra marked the birth of the Indian film industry, the world's largest in terms of films produced and ticket sales.
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statesone world news - Margaret Mitchell Gone with the wild 1937 Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for "Gone With the Wind"
The novel's story is set in Clayton County and Atlanta, both in Georgia, during the American Civil War and Reconstruction Era. It depicts the struggles of young Scarlett O'Hara, the spoiled daughter of a well-to-do plantation owner, who must use every means at her disposal to claw her way out of poverty following the destructive Sherman's March to the Sea.
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statesone world news - San Francisco Fire of 1851 1851 Most of San Francisco destroyed by fire; 30 die
The San Francisco Fire of 1851 (May 3–4, 1851) was a catastrophic conflagration that destroyed a quarter of San Francisco, California.
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02 MAY
statesone world news - Death of Osama bin Laden 2011 Osama bin Laden is killed by a U.S. commando
Bin Laden was the founder of al-Qaeda, a militant group that claimed responsibility for a series of terrorist attacks on U.S. targets on September 11, 2001.
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statesone world news - Cuban Revolution 1997 Tony Blair becomes British Prime Minister, ending 18 years of Conservative Party reign
Blair's Labor Party achieved a landslide victory in the general elections. Many of his early fans were bitterly disappointed when he supported the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003.
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statesone world news - Removal of Hungary's border fence with Austria 1989 The Iron Curtain begins to crumble as Hungary dismantles its border fence
By gradually opening its border to Austria, Hungary facilitated the escape of hundreds of East Germans in the months before the Berlin Wall fell.
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statesone world news - ARA General Belgrano 1982 The British Royal Navy sinks the Argentinian cruiser General Belgrano
323 lives were lost in the attack, more than half of the total number of Argentinian casualties during the Falklands War.. The British Sun tabloid newspaper commented the controversial attack with one of its most notorious headlines: “Gotcha”.
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statesone world news - Jet Age 1952 The jet age begins with the first scheduled flight of the De Havilland Comet 1
Precisely one year after the maiden flight from London to Johannesburg, a Comet 1 crashed due to structural problems, killing 43 people. A series of similar accidents soon led to the grounding of the entire Comet fleet.
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statesone world news - Death of a salesman 1949 Arthur Miller wins Pulitzer Prize for "Death of a Salesman"
"Death of a Salesman" is a 1949 play written by American playwright Arthur Miller. The play premiered on Broadway in February 1949, running for 742 performances, and has been revived on Broadway four times, winning three Tony Awards for Best Revival.
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01 MAY
statesone world news - Naomi Uemura 1978 Naomi Uemura becomes of the first person to reach the North Pole alone
The Japanese adventurer is also credited with the first solo ascent of Mount McKinley and the first solo rafting of the Amazon river. He disappeared in 1984 during a winter ascent of Mount McKinley.
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statesone world news - Cuban Revolution 1961 Tennis ace Monica Seles is stabbed by an obsessed fan
A month after Cuban troops had fought off a U.S. backed military invasion at the Bay of Pigs, Castro announces that “The revolution has no time for elections.”
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statesone world news - Death of Adolf Hitler 1945 Adolf Hitler's death is announced on German radio
As the Soviet flag is raised over the Reich Chancellery, the German people are informed that “our leader, Adolf Hitler, has fallen for Germany, fighting to his last breath against Bolshevism.”
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statesone world news - All-China Federation of Trade Unions 1925 The world's largest trade union is founded
The All-China Federation of Trade Unions has a total of 134 million members.
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statesone world news - Dachau liberation reprisals 1945 US Army liberates 31,601 in Nazi concentration camp in Dachau, Germany
The Dachau liberation reprisals were a series of incidents in which German prisoners of war were killed by American soldiers and concentration camp internees at the Dachau concentration camp on April 29, 1945, during World War II. It is unclear how many SS members were killed in the incident but most estimates place the number killed at around 35-50.
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statesone world news - Postage stamps and postal history of Great Britain 1840 The world's first adhesive postage stamp is issued in the United Kingdom
The Penny Black shows a portrait of Queen Victoria. Despite its historical significance, the stamp can be bought for around £25 as over 68 million copied were distributed.
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30 APR
statesone world news - Chemical Weapons Convention 1993 CERN announces that World Wide Web protocols will remain free
By offering the software required to operate a web server with an open license, the European organization ensured its dissemination, and the WWW flourished.
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statesone world news - Monica Seles stabbing 1993 Tennis ace Monica Seles is stabbed by an obsessed fan
Although the stab wound proved to be relatively harmless, the psychological ramifications meant that Seles did not play any tournaments for over two years.
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statesone world news - Operation Frequent Wind 1975 The fall of Saigon marks the end of the Vietnam War
As Communist forces gained control of Saigon, South Vietnamese President Duong Van Minh, who had only been in office for 2 days, surrendered unconditionally.
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statesone world news - Charles de Gaulle 1968 The musical Hair goes to Broadway
As a portrait of the 1960s hippie counterculture and sexual revolution, it was highly controversial at the time. Some of the musical's songs became anthems of the peace movement during the Vietnam War.
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statesone world news - Dachau liberation reprisals 1945 US Army liberates 31,601 in Nazi concentration camp in Dachau, Germany
The Dachau liberation reprisals were a series of incidents in which German prisoners of war were killed by American soldiers and concentration camp internees at the Dachau concentration camp on April 29, 1945, during World War II. It is unclear how many SS members were killed in the incident but most estimates place the number killed at around 35-50.
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statesone world news - Capture of New Orleans 1862 New Orleans falls to Union forces during US Civil War
The capture of New Orleans (April 25 – May 1, 1862) during the American Civil War was an important event for the Union. Having fought past Forts Jackson and St. Philip, the Union was unopposed in its capture of the city itself, which was spared the destruction suffered by many other Southern cities.
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29 APR
statesone world news - Chemical Weapons Convention 1997 The Chemical Weapons Convention becomes effective
The arms control treaty prohibits the production, storage, and use of chemical weapons. It has so far been ratified by some 190 countries.
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statesone world news - 1992 Los Angeles riots 1992 Deadly riots erupt in Los Angeles
53 people died in the riots, which started after the acquittal of the 4 Los Angeles police officers accused of the brutal beating of Rodney King.
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statesone world news - Fall of Saigon 1975 Hubert van Es takes the famous picture of a helicopter airlift from a Saigon rooftop
The image shows South Vietnamese civilians employed by the U.S. trying to escape Saigon on the day before the city's fall. It came to symbolize the American defeat in Vietnam.
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statesone world news - Daylight saving time 1916 Germany and its World War I allies become the first countries to use daylight saving time (DST)
The rationale was to save energy to aid the war effort. Other European countries, such as the United Kingdom, first introduced DST later that year.
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statesone world news - Dachau liberation reprisals 1859 Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is first published in literary periodical "All the Year Round" (weekly installments until Nov 26)
The Dachau liberation reprisals were a series of incidents in which German prisoners of war were killed by American soldiers and concentration camp internees at the Dachau concentration camp on April 29, 1945, during World War II. It is unclear how many SS members were killed in the incident but most estimates place the number killed at around 35-50.
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statesone world news - A Tale of Two Cities 1789 George Washington becomes the first U.S. President
Washington took the oath of office on the balcony of Federal Hall in New York City. In the United States, he is venerated as one of the country's founding fathers.
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28 APR
statesone world news - Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse 2004 The first Abu Ghraib torture pictures are published
The images aired in a 60 Minutes II report showed gross human rights violations, including torture and murder, committed by U.S. soldiers and CIA personnel in the Baghdad prison.
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statesone world news - Dennis Tito 2001 Dennis Tito becomes the first space tourist in history
A Russian rocket transported the Californian billionaire to the International Space Station (ISS).
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statesone world news - Former CIA officer Aldrich Ames admits he forwarded U.S. secrets to the Soviet Union 1994 Former CIA officer Aldrich Ames admits he forwarded U.S. secrets to the Soviet Union
Ames was sentenced to life imprisonment for his activities which amounted to one of the most damaging spy cases in U.S. history.
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statesone world news - Charles de Gaulle 1969 Charles de Gaulle resigns as President of France
De Gaulle founded the French Fifth Republic in 1958 and became its first President a year later.
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statesone world news - Kon-Tiki expedition 1947 Thor Heyerdahl begins his legendary journey on Kon-Tiki
The Norwegian explorer and his crew set out on the 101-day journey on the self-built raft to prove that South Americans could have reached and settled Polynesia in pre-Columbian times.
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statesone world news - First voyage of James Cook 1770 British Captain James Cook, aboard the Endeavour, lands at Botany Bay in Australia
The first voyage of James Cook was a combined Royal Navy and Royal Society expedition to the south Pacific Ocean aboard HMS Endeavour, from 1768 to 1771. It was the first of three Pacific voyages of which Cook was the commander. The aims of this first expedition were to observe the 1769 transit of Venus across the Sun (3–4 June of that year), and to seek evidence of the postulated Terra Australis Incognita or "unknown southern land".
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27 APR
statesone world news - Airbus A380 2005 Airbus A380 takes to the skies for the first time
The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by European manufacturer Airbus. It is the world's largest passenger airliner, and the airports at which it operates have upgraded facilities to accommodate it. It was initially named Airbus A3XX and designed to challenge Boeing's monopoly in the large-aircraft market.
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statesone world news - South African general election, 1994 1994 South African citizens of all races are allowed to vote in a general election for the first time
The 1994 general election was held precisely 44 years after Apartheid was formalized by the government with the passing of the Group Areas Act.
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statesone world news - House of Commons of the United Kingdom 1992 For the first time in its 700-year history, the British House of Commons is presided over by a female Speaker
Betty Boothroyd served as Speaker of the House of Commons from 1992 to 2000.
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statesone world news - The worst nuclear disaster in history occurs in Chernobyl 1961 Sierra Leone becomes an independent republic
The West African country's first Prime Minister, Sir Milton Margai, ended over 150 years of British colonial rule.
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statesone world news - Für Elise 1810 Ludwig van Beethoven composes “Für Elise”
“Bagatelle No. 25” for solo piano is one of the German composer's most popular works and one of the most recognized melodies in the history of music.
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statesone world news - Battle of Dunbar (1296) 1296 Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England
King Edward I of England had invaded Scotland in 1296 to punish King John Balliol for his refusal to support English military action in France. The battle of Dunbar effectively ended the war of 1296 with the English winning.
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statesone world news - David I of Scotland 1124 David I becomes King of Scots
The term "Davidian Revolution" is used by many scholars to summarise the changes which took place in Scotland during his reign. These included his foundation of burghs and regional markets, implementation of the ideals of Gregorian Reform, foundation of monasteries, Normanisation of the Scottish government, and the introduction of feudalism through immigrant French and Anglo-French knights.
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26 APR
statesone world news - 2011 Super Outbreak 2005 Syria ends its military occupation of Lebanon after 29 years
Syria buckled to domestic and international pressure following the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri on February 14 of the same year.
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statesone world news - Laws against Holocaust denial 1994 Germany makes Holocaust denial illegal
The far-right party NPD had sought legitimation by Germany's Federal Constitutional Court for expressing the view that the Nazis' genocide of six million Jews never occurred. The court ruled against them.
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statesone world news - Daulatpur–Saturia tornado 1989 The deadliest tornado in history kills about 1300 people
The Daulatpur–Saturia Tornado devastated everything in its 50-mile long path across central Bangladesh.
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statesone world news - The worst nuclear disaster in history occurs in Chernobyl 1986 The worst nuclear disaster in history occurs in Chernobyl
Large parts of Europe were contaminated when reactor 4 at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded. Although the number of deaths attributable to the disaster is difficult to determine, experts anticipate tens of thousands of deaths across Europe in the coming decades due to cancer caused by the radioactive fallout.
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statesone world news - The Trial 1925 Franz Kafka publishes his landmark novel The Trial
The text, which was initially published as Der Process, is a nightmarish account of a man being arrested and prosecuted by a faceless authority for an unknown crime.
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25 APR
statesone world news - 2011 Super Outbreak 2011 The largest tornado outbreak ever recorded hits the U.S.
The building was used by clothing factories producing garments for western markets, highlighting the disastrous working conditions in the industry.
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statesone world news - Hitler Diaries 1983 The German news magazine, Stern, announces discovery of Hitler's diaries
The documents were later exposed as forgeries, triggering one of the most spectacular media scandals in history. Experts believe that Hitler never kept a diary.
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statesone world news - Carnation Revolution 1974 In Portugal, the fascist Estado Novo is overthrown in a bloodless coup
The leftist Carnation Revolution was lead by military officers and supported by widespread civil resistance.
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statesone world news - DNA Double Helix 1953 Discovery of the double helix structure or DNA
Francis Crick and James D. Watson published their groundbreaking findings about the molecule containing genetic information was in Nature that day.
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statesone world news - Suez Canal 1859 Construction of the Suez Canal begins
The waterway connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea became the shortest sea link between Europe and Asia.
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24 APR
statesone world news - 2013 Savar building collapse 2013 1129 people die in the worst building collapse disaster in modern history
The building was used by clothing factories producing garments for western markets, highlighting the disastrous working conditions in the industry.
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statesone world news - Pope Benedict XVI 2005 Joseph Ratzinger is inaugurated as Pope Benedict XVI
The German was considered a particularly conservative Pope - quite unlike his successor, Pope Francis.
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statesone world news - Hubble Space Telescope 1990 The Hubble Space Telescope is launched into Earth orbit
Unhindered by the impurities and distortions of Earth's atmosphere, the 2.4 meter (7.9 feet) aperture telescope has delivered some of the most spectacular images of the far reaches of the Universe.
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statesone world news - Suez Crisis 1957 The Suez Canal reopens after the Suez Crisis
The conflict between Egypt on the one hand and France, the United Kingdom and Israel on the other, erupted in October 1956 when Egypt announced that the canal will be nationalized.
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statesone world news - Sticky Fingers 1915 The Ottoman Empire begins its systematic extermination of Armenians
An estimated 1 million people were killed in the Armenian Massacres during and after World War I. The event is considered one of the first genocides in modern history.
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23 APR
statesone world news - Me at the zoo Jawed Karim 2005 The first YouTube video is posted
The 18-second clip “Me at the zoo” shows co-founder Jawed Karim at San Diego Zoo. It has been viewed more than 13 million times (2014).
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statesone world news - MIT Daedalus 1988 Kanellos Kanellopoulos flies across the Aegean Sea in a human-powered aircraft
The Greek Olympic cyclist flew a record-breaking 115 km (71 mi) from Crete to Santorini in the MIT Daedalus aircraft, which was named after the mythological inventor of aviation.
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statesone world news - Fiber-optic communication 1985 Coca-Cola releases New Coke
The new formula was so unpopular that the original Coke was re-introduced as Coca-Cola Classic soon afterwards.
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statesone world news - Gay-related immune deficiency 1984 The discovery of the virus causing AIDS is announced
The German dictator announced in the underground Führerbunker that he plans to commit suicide after learning that Soviet forces had entered Berlin.
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statesone world news - Sticky Fingers 1971 The Rolling Stones release Sticky Fingers
The album is often considered one of the British rock band's best. It includes hits like “Brown Sugar” and ”Wild Horses”.
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22 APR
statesone world news - Japanese embassy hostage crisis 1997 The Japanese embassy hostage crisis ends after 126 days
The hero status of the Peruvian troops involved in the successful raid was later called into question when evidence of summary executions of captured insurgents emerged.
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statesone world news - 1992 Guadalajara explosions 1992 A series of massive explosions destroys parts of Guadalajara
The disaster in the downtown district of Analco occurred after gasoline had leaked into the sewer system. At least 206 people died, nearly 500 were injured, and about 15,000 were left homeless.
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statesone world news - Fiber-optic communication 1977 Optical fiber is used for telephone transmissions for the first time
Fiber-optic technology allows sending information over long distances by means of light pulses. It has played an important role in the development of modern-day global communications.
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statesone world news - Dan Gavriliu 1945 Adolf Hitler admits defeat
The German dictator announced in the underground Führerbunker that he plans to commit suicide after learning that Soviet forces had entered Berlin.
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statesone world news - 1906 Intercalated Games 1906 The 1906 Olympic Games begin in Athens
While the meet in practice was the second Olympic Games of the modern era, it is not recognized as such by the International Olympic Committee.
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21 APR
statesone world news - Deepwater Horizon explosion 1992 The first exoplanets are discovered
Polish astronomer Aleksander Wolszczan announced that he found two planets orbiting the pulsar PSR 1257+12.
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statesone world news - Georgios Papadopoulos 1967 Dictator Georgios Papadopoulos assumes power in Greece
During his six-year reign, thousands of political opponents were incarcerated and tortured.
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statesone world news - Loch Ness Monster 1934 The Surgeon's photo, allegedly showing the Loch Ness Monster, is published in the Daily Mail
In reality, the famous image depicts a toy submarine with a head and neck made of wood putty.
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statesone world news - Dan Gavriliu 1918 The "Red Baron" is killed
Manfred von Richthofen was a legendary German fighter pilot. He earned his renown and nickname by achieving 80 air combat victories in World War I. He was shot down and killed during combat at the age of 25.
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statesone world news - Henry VIII of England 1509 Henry VIII is crowned King of England
In popular culture, the monarch is known mainly for his six marriages, two of which ended with the wife's execution.
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20 APR
statesone world news - Deepwater Horizon explosion 2010 The Deepwater Horizon oil rig explodes
The explosion of the British Petroleum (BP) platform operated by Transocean killed 11 workers and led to the largest accidental marine oil spill in history.
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statesone world news - Columbine High School massacre 1999 15 die in the Columbine High School massacre
A further 24 victims were injured when two teenagers opened fire on students and teachers in the high school south of Denver.
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statesone world news - Korean Air Lines Flight 902 1978 Soviet air defense shoots down Korean Air Lines Flight 902
The Boeing 707's crew had miscalculated their route, taking them into Soviet air space at the height of the Cold War. The jet made an emergency landing on a frozen lake. Two passengers were killed in the incident.
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statesone world news - Dan Gavriliu 1951 A human organ is surgically replaced for the first time
Romanian surgeon Dan Gavriliu used a section of the stomach to bypass the esophagus.
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statesone world news - Balfour Declaration 1920 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate
It read:
"His Majesty's government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country."
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statesone world news - Louis Pasteur pasteurization 1862 The first pasteurization test is completed by Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard.
Pasteur patented the process, to fight the "diseases" of wine, in 1865. The method became known as pasteurization, and was soon applied to beer and milk.
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19 APR
statesone world news - Oklahoma City bombing 1995 168 die in the Oklahoma City bombing
Timothy McVeigh, the mastermind behind the attack, was executed on June 11, 2001. The motives for the bombing, which also killed 19 babies and children, remain somewhat unclear.
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statesone world news - The Simpsons 1987 The first installment of The Simpsons is aired
The hugely popular animated sitcom debuted on the Tracey Ullman Show in the form of one-minute shorts.
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statesone world news - Salyut 1 1971 The Soviet Union launches the world's first manned space station
Salyut 1 was 23 meters long and offered 100 cubic meters of pressurized space.
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statesone world news - Leslie Irvin (parachutist) 1919 Leslie Irvin makes the world's first free-fall parachute jump
The jump was executed to test a new kind of parachute, which was also the first featuring a ripcord. The Hollywood stuntman broke a leg on landing.
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statesone world news - American Revolutionary War 1775 The American Revolutionary War begins
The Battles of Lexington and Concord marked the beginning of the armed conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and 13 colonies of British North America. The war resulted in U.S. independence.
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18 APR
statesone world news - Rainier III, Prince of Monaco 1956 Rainier III marries Grace Kelly
The wedding celebrations for the Prince of Monaco and the glamorous U.S. actress were broadcast around the world and enthused the population of war-torn Europe.
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statesone world news - European Coal and Steel Community 1951 The European Coal and Steel Community, a precursor of the European Union, is established
The Treaty of Paris was signed by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.
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statesone world news - History of the Republic of Ireland 1949 Ireland becomes an independent republic
Six counties in the northern part of the island remained in the Commonwealth, leading to a decades-long ethno-nationalist conflict that culminated in The Troubles.
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statesone world news - 1906 San Francisco earthquake 1906 A massive earthquake destroys San Francisco
About 3000 people died in the disaster. Over 80 percent of the city was destroyed by the quake and resulting fires.
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statesone world news - St. Peter's Basilica 1506 Construction of the current St. Peter's Basilica begins
St. Peter's in Vatical City is one of the world's most important Catholic sites.
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17 APR
statesone world news - Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years' War 1986 The world's longest war ends without a single shot having been fired
The state of war between the Netherlands and the Isles of Scilly had been extended for a total of 335 years by the lack of a peace treaty. Some historians doubt that war had ever been declared.
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statesone world news - Mir Akbar Khyber 2003 Mir Akbar Khyber's assassination triggers a communist coup in Afghanistan
The communists introduced a series of reforms, such as equal rights for women and universal education. These achievements were undone soon after by the outbreak of several wars.
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statesone world news - Canada Constitution Act, 1982 1982 Canada adopts its constitution
On April 17, 1982, Queen Elizabeth II and Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau signed Canada's Proclamation of the Constitution Act, 1982. The proclamation confirmed that Canada had formally assumed authority over its constitution, the final step to full sovereignty.
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statesone world news - The Khmer Rouge 1975 Phnom Penh falls to the "Khmer Rouge"
The regime under “Brother number 1” Pol Pot tortured and killed several million people. Amongst the communists' perceived enemies were intellectuals, anyone with a connection to the former government, and several ethnic minorities.
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statesone world news - Bay of Pigs Invasion 1961 1,400 Cuban exiles land in Bay of Pigs in a doomed attempt to overthrow Fidel Castro
"The Bay of Pigs" invasion was a failed attempt to overthrow the Cuban government. The United States government had ordered the CIA to plan Fidel Castro's overthrow.
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statesone world news - The Khmer Rouge 1492 Christopher Columbus signs contract with Spain to find the "Indies"
In the April 1492 "Capitulations of Santa Fe", King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella promised Columbus that if he succeeded he would be given the rank of Admiral of the Ocean Sea and appointed Viceroy and Governor of all the new lands he could claim for Spain. He had the right to nominate three persons, from whom the sovereigns would choose one, for any office in the new lands. He would be entitled to 10 percent of all the revenues from the new lands in perpetuity.
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16 APR
statesone world news - Trial of Anders Behring Breivik 2012 The trial against Anders Behring Breivik begins in Oslo
The right-wing extremist had killed 77 people, mostly teenagers, in Oslo with a car bomb and at a youth camp on Utøya island. After doubts about his mental health emerged before the trial, he was sentenced to 21 years in prison.
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statesone world news - 2004 enlargement of the European Union 2003 Ten new member states are admitted to the European Union
The Treaty of Accession admitted countries like Poland, Cyprus, and the Czech Republic to the EU. Its original title contains 99 words.
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statesone world news - The Rolling Stones (album) 1964 The Rolling Stones release their debut album
The album The Rolling Stones, released in the United States with the added title “England's Newest Hit Makers”, topped the UK charts for twelve weeks.
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statesone world news - Vladimir Lenin 1917 Vladimir Lenin returns to Russia from exile
British and Canadian troops found about 53,000 prisoners inside the camp. Tens of thousands died before and after the liberation.
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statesone world news - Kodachrome 1912 Harriet Quimby flies across the English Channel
The U.S. aviator was the first woman who achieved this feat. She died at the age of 37 when her plane crashed in Massachusetts.
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15 APR
statesone world news - World Trade Organization 1994 The World Trade Organization is founded
The WTO coordinates and strives to liberalize international trade. It has been criticized for ignoring and escalating the negative social and environmental side-effects of globalization.
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statesone world news - Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 1989 A small group of students initiates pro-democracy protest on Tiananmen Square in Beijing
The death of reformer Hu Yaobang triggered the demonstrations, which grew in size and were brutally dispersed in the Tiananmen Square Massacre on June 4.
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statesone world news - 1986 United States bombing of Libya 1986 The heaviest hailstones ever recorded hit The United States launches retaliatory air strikes against Libya
Around 40 Libyan died in Operation El Dorado Canyon, including an infant girl. The attack was the United States' response to the bombing of a Berlin discotheque on April 5, in which 3 people had died.
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statesone world news - Bergen-Belsen concentration camp liberation 1945 The German concentration camp Bergen-Belsen is liberated
British and Canadian troops found about 53,000 prisoners inside the camp. Tens of thousands died before and after the liberation.
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statesone world news - Kodachrome 1935 The Eastman Kodak Company launches Kodachrome
The photographic film was one of the most popular media used by professional and hobby photographers around the world. The product was discontinued in 2009 because of the advent of digital photography.
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14 APR
statesone world news - Human Genome Project 2003 The Human Genome Project is completed
The project dedicated to mapping the genes of the human genome was started in October 1990.
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statesone world news - Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan 1988 The Soviet Union agrees to withdraw from Afghanistan
Soviet troups had invaded the country in 1979 to support the communist rulers. They were defeated primarily by the Mujahideen, who were groups of militant Islamists sponsored by the CIA.
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statesone world news - List of costly or deadly hailstorms 1986 The heaviest hailstones ever recorded hit Bangladesh
The lumps of ice weighed about 1 kg (2.2 lb). At total of 92 people reportedly died as a result.
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statesone world news - Sinking of the RMS Titanic 1912 Collision of "The Titanic" with an iceberg in the North Atlantic
The subsequent sinking of the world's largest ocean liner of the time resulted in more than 1500 deaths. It was one of the worst peacetime maritime disasters in history.
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statesone world news - Assassination of Abraham Lincoln 1865 U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is shot
The assassin, John Wilkes Booth, wanted to revive the Confederate cause, mere days after their surrender to the Union Army, bringing the American Civil War to an end. Lincoln died the next day.
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13 APR
statesone world news - 60th Academy Awards 2006 The Last Emperor receives nine Academy Awards
Bernardo Bertolucci's biopic about Puyi, the last Emperor of China, was the first film to be awarded all the Oscars it was nominated for.
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statesone world news - STS-1 1981 The Space Shuttle blasts off into space for the first time
Two astronauts took off for Space Shuttle Columbia's first orbital test flight.
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statesone world news - Yuri Gagarin 1961 Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human in space
The Soviet Cosmonaut orbited the Earth aboard the Vostok-3KA spacecraft (Vostok 1 mission). The first human spaceflight took 108 minutes from launch to landing.
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statesone world news - History of the jet engine 1937 The first aircraft jet engine is successfully tested
Sir Frank Whittle invented and tested the engine, only a few months before German engineer Hans von Ohain ran his jet engine, which was to power the first ever all-jet aircraft.
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statesone world news - American Civil War 1861 The American Civil War begins
The bombardment of Fort Sumter near Charleston, South Carolina marked the beginning of hostilities. The conflict was sparked by deepening economic, social and political differences between the southern and northern states, which was most palpably embodied by the dispute about the legitimacy of slavery. The southern (pro-slavery) states, surrendered in 1865, ending the war.
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12 APR
statesone world news - Tiger Woods 1997 Tiger Woods becomes the youngest ever golfer to win the Masters Tournament
The then 21-year old sportsman was also the first person of African heritage to win a major golf title. Tiger Woods is considered one of the most successful golfers of all time.
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statesone world news - Apollo 13 1970 An oxygen tank explodes on Apollo 13, leaving the spacecraft crippled
The emergency prompted Jack Swigert's famous quote “Houston, we've had a problem”. The crew managed to return to Earth safely.
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statesone world news - Mikis Theodorakis 1970 Mikis Theodorakis is freed
The Greek composer and politician was interned in the concentration camp of Oropos by the right-wing military junta. The solidarity movement demanding his release included Dmitri Shostakovich, Leonard Bernstein, and Harry Belafonte.
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statesone world news - Transit (satellite) 1960 The world's first satellite navigation system is launched
Transit 1B was primarily used by the U.S. Navy to update the navigation systems aboard their Polaris submarines.
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statesone world news - Jallianwala Bagh massacre 1919 British troops massacre around 400 unarmed civilians in India
Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer ordered his men to shoot into the crowd, in his own words “to punish the Indians for disobedience.” The Indian independence movement grew considerably after the Amritsar massacre.
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11 APR
statesone world news - Nuclear program of Iran 2006 President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad announces that Iran has enriched uranium
The Iranian nuclear program has become a source of great controversy. Several countries, some of them possessing nuclear weapons themselves, accuse Tehran of developing an Iranian atom bomb.
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statesone world news - Bernardo Provenzano 2006 Mafia boss Bernardo Provenzano is arrested
Provenzano was one of Cosa Nostra's central figures. The mafioso was arrested near Corleone, Sicily after 40 years on the run.
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statesone world news - Idi Amin Dada 1979 Uganda's dictator Idi Amin is overthrown
The despot's 8-year rule was characterized by extensive human rights abuse and repression. According to estimates, hundreds of thousands were killed as a result of his actions.
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statesone world news - I'm Sorry I Haven't a Clue 1972 The first episode of "I'm sorry I haven't a clue" is aired
The BBC's classic comedy show, which was chaired by Humphrey Lyttelton until his death in 2008, is one of the longest running British radio shows of all time.
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statesone world news - Adolf Eichmann 1961 The trial of Adolf Eichmann begins
The ex-Nazi was one of the main organizers of the Holocaust, in which millions of people were slaughtered. He was hanged for war crimes in 1962.
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10 APR
statesone world news - 2010 Polish Air Force Tu-154 crash 2010 The President of Poland, Lech Kaczyński, dies in a plane crash
Several high-ranking officials, senior members of the Polish clergy, as well as relatives of the Katyn massacre victims were killed. The accident was blamed on pilot error and bad weather.
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statesone world news - Euthanasia bill netherlands 2001 2001 Euthanasia become legal in the Netherlands
In a controversial decision the Dutch senate approved a bill legalizing euthanasia for patients with unbearable, terminal illness.
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statesone world news - Northern Ireland peace process 1998 Negotiators in Northern Ireland reach an historic peace deal
The Good Friday Agreement ended 30 years of violent conflict about Northern Ireland's constitutional status.
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statesone world news - Break-up of the Beatles 1940 "The Beatles" break up as Paul McCartney leaves the band
In their ten years of existence, the British rock group became one of the most successful bands of all time, selling over a billion albums, according to EMI. McCartney's announcement came a week before the release of his debut solo album, the starting point of a successful solo career.
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statesone world news - 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora 1815 Mount Tambora explodes in one of the largest volcanic eruptions in recorded history
At least 71,000 people were killed by the eruption. The explosion was heard up to 2000 km (1200 mi) away.
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09 APR
statesone world news - Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Camilla Parker Bowles 2005 Prince Charles marries Camilla Parker Bowles
Charles was formerly married to Diana, Princess of Wales. His second marriage to Camilla made him the first member of the British Royal Family to have a civil wedding.
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statesone world news - Boeing 737 1967 The first Boeing 737 takes off on its maiden flight
The short-to-medium range plane is the best-selling airplane in history.
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statesone world news - History of Bolivia (1920–64) 1952 The Bolivian National Revolution overthrows Hugo Ballivián's government
The nationalist movement initiated radical reforms, including universal suffrage, the nationalization of tin mines, and the inclusion of previously marginalized ethnicities into national life.
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statesone world news - Operation Weserübung 1940 Germany invades Denmark and Norway
The rationale of "Operation Weserübung" was to secure access to Swedish iron ore. In Norway, a resistance group around Max Manus and Gunnar Sønsteby successfully sabotaged the German war effort.
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statesone world news - Phonautograph 1860 The world's first recording of the human voice is created
French inventor Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville used his phonautograph, the earliest known sound recording device, to capture himself singing the French folk song “Au clair de la lune”.
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08 APR
statesone world news - Pope John Paul II 2005 Over 4 million people pay their last respects to Pope John Paul II
Karol Józef Wojtyła from Poland was an immensely popular pope. He was succeeded by German Pope Benedict XVI, born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger.
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statesone world news - The Clash (album) 1977 "The Clash" release their debut album of the same name
The British combo around lead vocalist Joe Strummer is considered one of the most influential early punk rock bands.
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statesone world news - COBOL 1959 One of the first modern programming languages is created
The Common Business-Oriented Language or COBOL was primarily designed by a woman, Grace Hopper. Also known as Amazing Grace, she is regarded as one of the pioneers in the field.
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statesone world news - John Walker (inventor) 1953 Jomo Kenyatta is sentenced to 7 years hard labor
Kenyatta led the Mau Mau movement against the British colonialists. He is considered to be Kenya's founding father and became the country's first President in 1964.
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statesone world news - Entente Cordiale 1904 France and the United Kingdom sign the "Entente cordiale"
The treaty, which was initially designed to regulate the countries' colonial interests in Africa, later evolved into the Triple Entente to fight Germany in World War I.
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07 APR
statesone world news - MS Scandinavian Star 1990 An arson attack on the passenger ferry, Scandinavian Star, kills 159
Insurance fraud is today considered the most likely motive for the attack. According to a 2013 report, 9 crew members started the fire and sabotaged the fire crew's attempts to extinguish the blaze.
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statesone world news - History of the Internet 1969 Birth of the Internet
The Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) awarded a contract to build a precursor of today's world wide web to BBN Technologies. The date is widely considered as the internet's symbolic birthday.
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statesone world news - Establishment of the World Health Organization 1948 The World Health Organization is established
The WHO is a United Nations agency concerned with fighting disease and epidemics worldwide, building up national health services, and improving health education in its 194 member states.
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statesone world news - John Walker (inventor) 1827 The first friction match is sold
English chemist John Walker produced and sold the first operable matches. They were soon banned in France and Germany because burning fragments would sometimes fall to the floor and start fires.
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statesone world news - St John Passion 1724 Johann Sebastian Bach's St. John Passion is premiered
The sacred oratorio is the oldest extant Passion by the German composer. The highly popular work is a dramatization of the final days of Jesus Christ, according to the Gospel of John.
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06 APR
statesone world news - Rwandan genocide 1994 The Rwandan genocide begins
The assassination of Rwandan President, Juvénal Habyarimana, and Burundian President, Cyprien Ntaryamira, triggered a mass slaughter of ethnic Tutsis with up to 1 million victims.
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statesone world news - List of communications satellite firsts 1965 The first commercial communications satellite is launched
Intelsat I, also known as Early Bird, facilitated the first live TV broadcast of a spacecraft splashdown when Gemini 6 landed in the Atlantic Ocean.
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statesone world news - First aerial circumnavigation 1924 A team of aviators begins the first round-the-world flight in history
Four aircraft left Seattle on a westbound route around the globe. 157 days later, two of them reached the same location.
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statesone world news - Robert Peary 1909 Robert Peary allegedly becomes the first person to reach the North Pole
Peary's claim has never been verified and is widely contested. The first undisputed journey to the North Pole was the 1948 Soviet Sever-2 expedition.
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statesone world news - 1896 Summer Olympics 1896 The first modern Olympic Games are opened in Athens
241 athletes from 14 countries took part in the First Olympiad. The event took place over 1500 years after the last ancient Olympic Games, which originated in Olympia in south-western Greece.
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05 APR
statesone world news - Akashi Kaikyō Bridge 1998 The world's largest suspension bridge opens to traffic
The Akashi Kaikyō Bridge in Japan features the world's longest central span, measuring 1991 meters (6532 feet).
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statesone world news - 1986 West Berlin discotheque bombing 1986 A bomb kills 3 people at the La Belle in West Berlin
The attack on the nightclub, which was frequented by U.S. soldiers, was later blamed on the Libyan secret service. In retaliatory strikes, at least 15 people were killed in Libya.
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statesone world news - Winston Churchill 1955 Winston Churchill resigns as U.K. Prime Minister
Churchill was instrumental in initiating the alliance between the U.K., the U.S., and the Soviet Union against Nazi Germany. His political career spanned half a century.
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statesone world news - Julius and Ethel Rosenberg 1951 Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are sentenced to death
The U.S. couple was accused of passing information about nuclear weapons on to the Soviet Union. It later emerged that Ethel was not involved in her husband's activities. Both were executed in 1953.
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statesone world news - Oscar Wilde v. Queensberry 1895 Oscar Wilde loses his criminal libel case triggered by accusations of homosexuality.
On 18 February 1895, the Marquess left his calling card at Wilde's club, the Albemarle, inscribed: "For Oscar Wilde, posing somdomite". The card was marked as exhibit 'A' in Wilde's libel action. Wilde, encouraged by Douglas and against the advice of his friends, initiated a private prosecution against Queensberry for libel, since the note amounted to a public accusation that Wilde had committed the crime of sodomy.
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04 APR
statesone world news - Zulfikar Ali Bhutto 1979 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto is executed
The former President of Pakistan had been deposed by a coup d'etat. He was hanged despite international calls to stop the execution.
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statesone world news - History of Microsoft 1975 Bill Gates and Paul Allen establish Microsoft
The idea that would spawn Microsoft initiated when Paul Allen showed Bill Gates the first of January, 1975 issue of Popular Electronics that demonstrated the Altair 8800. Allen and Gates saw potential to develop an implementation of the programming language BASIC interpreter for the system.
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statesone world news - Denton Cooley implantation artificial heart 1969 Denton Cooley implants the first artificial heart
The machine kept patient Haskell Karp alive for 65 hours. He died before a human heart could become available.
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statesone world news - Denton Cooley 1968 Martin Luther King is assassinated
The civil rights activist was killed by James Earl Ray. Ray, a segregationist, received a 99-year prison sentence. He died in jail in 1998.
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statesone world news - NATO is formed 1949 12 nations signed the North Atlantic Treaty to establish what is today one of the world's most important military alliances.
12 nations signed the North Atlantic Treaty to establish what is today one of the world's most important military alliances.
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03 APR
statesone world news - Ted Kaczynski 1996 The Unabomber, Ted Kaczynski, is arrested
The mathematician who was driven by anarchist ideas sent out 16 letter bombs between 1978 and 1995, killing 3 people and injuring 23.
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statesone world news - History of mobile phones 1973 The first public mobile telephone call is placed on a Manhattan sidewalk
Motorola's Martin Cooper called Joel Engel of Bell Labs. He later told the BBC that his first words were “Joel, I'm calling you from a 'real' cellular telephone. A portable handheld telephone.”
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statesone world news - Marshall Plan 1948 Harry S. Truman signs the "Marshall Plan"
$12.4 billion were allocated to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II and prevent communists from seizing control.
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statesone world news - Katyn massacre 1940 Soviet troops massacre about 22,000 Polish nationals
The Katyn massacre is considered the worst massacre of prisoners of war in history. The order to execute all captive members of the Polish Officer Corps was signed by Joseph Stalin.
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statesone world news - Gottlieb Daimler 1885 Gottlieb Daimler patents his engine design
The German engineer's so-called “grandfather clock engine” was lighter than previous four-stroke engines and is considered a milestone for the invention of the automobile.
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02 APR
statesone world news - Siege of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem 2002 Israeli forces besiege the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem
The Israel Defense Force had occupied Bethlehem to capture wanted Palestinians. The 39-day siege ensued after some militants fled into the church, which is believed to stand on the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth.
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statesone world news - Occupation of the Falkland Islands 1982 Siege of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem
The invasion escalated a long-standing conflict between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the archipelago in the South Atlantic. It triggered the Falklands War, which was won by the U.K.
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statesone world news - Jeopardy! 1968 Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Oddyssey receives its world premiere
Upon release, the epic about human evolution, technology, and extraterrestrial life polarized audiences and critics alike. Today, it is considered a classic in its genre.
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statesone world news - Symphony No. 1 (Beethoven) 1800 Ludwig van Beethoven's First Symphony is premiered
The German composer conducted the orchestra himself. The premiere received exceptionally positive reviews.
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statesone world news - Coinage Act of 1792 1792 The U.S. dollar is introduced
The Mint Act of 1792 established the Dollar as U.S. currency. About two-thirds of global trade today is based on the U.S. Dollar.
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01 APR
statesone world news - Same-sex marriage in the Netherlands 2001 The Netherlands becomes the first country to allow same-sex marriage
Despite opposition from conservative factions, gay and lesbian couples are today allowed to marry in many other countries.
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statesone world news - Iranian History/The Islamic Republic of Iran 1979 Iran voted by national referendum to become an Islamic Republic
The Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution) refers to events involving the overthrow of the Pahlavi dynasty under Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, who was supported by the United States, and its eventual replacement with an Islamic Republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution, supported by various leftist and Islamist organizations and student movements.
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statesone world news - Apple Inc. 1976 Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs found Apple Computer in the garage of Jobs' parents house in Cupertino, California
The computer company, which has evolved into a multinational corporation and whose best-known product is the iPhone, was founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne. In 2012, the company's global revenue amounted to $156 billion.
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statesone world news - Spaghetti-tree hoax 1957 The BBC broadcasts the spaghetti tree hoax
The 3-minute film shown on the current affairs program, Panorama, portrayed a Swiss family apparently harvesting spaghetti from a tree. A number of viewers later contacted the BBC to inquire where to find and how to grow such a plant. The hoax is regarded as one of the best April Fools jokes ever pulled.
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statesone world news - Spanish Civil War 1939 General Franco proclaims victory in the Spanish civil war
The dictator ruled Spain until his death in 1975. His regime was responsible for gross human rights violations, including murdering numerous political opponents.
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31 MAR
statesone world news - Slobodan Milošević 2001 The film The Matrix is released
The former President of Serbia was arrested on corruption charges. Later he was put on trial before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague for war crimes during the Yugoslav wars.
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statesone world news - The Matrix 1999 The film The Matrix is released
The science fiction story about the adventures of computer programmer, Neo, was not only a commercial success but also left a lasting impression on action film-making through its creative use of slow-motion and spinning cameras.
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statesone world news - Eiffel Tower 1989 The Eiffel Tower is inaugurated
French engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel unfurled a French flag from the top of the tower, which has since become the most iconic landmark of Paris. 1985 The first edition of WrestleMania is held in New York
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statesone world news - WrestleMania I 1985 The first edition of WrestleMania is held in New York
The annual event is the world's most important wrestling meet. It is the biggest event organized by World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE).
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statesone world news - 1964 Brazilian coup d'état 1964 Following a coup d'etat, a military dictatorship takes charge in Brazil
The regime under Humberto Castelo Branco suppressed the left-wing opposition, leading to widespread social unrest and strike action, especially in 1968.
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statesone world news - Daylight saving time in the United States 1918 The United States switch to DST for the first time
Most areas in the U.S. change the clocks twice a year. Exceptions include Hawaii and most of Arizona. The first country to ever use DST was Germany in 1916.
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30 MAR
statesone world news - Attempted assassination of Ronald Reagan 1981 U.S. President Ronald Reagan is shot
A lone gunman opened fire outside a hotel in Washington D.C. The mentally ill assassin claimed his only motive was to become famous.
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statesone world news - Land Day 1976 Thousands of Palestinians protest against Israel's massive land expropriation
In the event, which is annually commemorated on Land Day, 6 protesters were killed and scores injured by Israeli police.
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statesone world news - Jeopardy! 1964 Jeopardy! is aired for the first time
The program, which is still on the air today, is one of the world's most popular game shows.
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statesone world news - Charles Manson 1867 The United States buys Alaska from Russia
The territory at the north-western tip of North America cost only $7.2 million.
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statesone world news - Treaty of Paris (1856) 1856 The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Crimean War
Russia lost the war to a coalition of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain, and Sardinia.
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29 MAR
statesone world news - 2010 Moscow Metro bombings 2010 Two Chechen suicide bombers detonate their devices in the Moscow underground
40 people died in the attack allegedly carried out by so-called “black widows”, or Islamist Chechen female suicide bombers.
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statesone world news - Smoking in Ireland 2004 Ireland becomes the first country to ban smoking in all workplaces
Contrary to initial concerns, the ban had no adverse economic effects, and soon several other countries passed similar legislation. According to the World Health Organization, tobacco smoke is the single greatest cause of preventable death globally.
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statesone world news - Giorgos Seferis 1974 The Terracotta Army is discovered in Xi'an, China
The famous collection of some 8000 soldier sculptures, depicting Emperor Qin Shi Huang's army, was located by local farmers when they were digging a water well.
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statesone world news - Charles Manson 1971 Charles Manson is sentenced to death in the gas chamber
The sentence was never carried out because the California Supreme Court abolished the death penalty in 1972. The infamous criminal who ordered several murders continues to serve a life sentence.
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statesone world news - Robert Falcon Scott 1912 Robert Scott makes his final diary entry
Scott wrote: “We shall stick it out to the end, but we are getting weaker, of course, and the end cannot be far.” The British explorer and his companions died on an expedition to the South Pole.
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28 MAR
statesone world news - Jesse Owens 1990 Jesse Owens receives the Congressional Gold Medal
The African American athlete dominated the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, which were held during the reign of Adolf Hitler's racist nazi regime.
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statesone world news - Three Mile Island accident 1979 Three Mile Island nuclear power plant experiences a partial meltdown and radioactive leak
The coolant leak was the worst commercial nuclear accident in the United States. A continuous string of nuclear disasters, such as Three Mile Island (1979), Chernobyl (1986), and Fukushima (2011) continue to raise doubts about the security and environmental benefit of nuclear power.
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statesone world news - Giorgos Seferis 1969 Greek poet Giorgos Seferis speaks out against the military junta
The Nobel Prize laureate issued his now famous statement against Greece's repressive right-wing Regime of the Colonels on the BBC World Service.
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statesone world news - The Birds (film) 1963 Alfred Hitchcock's movie The Birds is released
The film about a swarm of birds wreaking havoc in Bodega Bay, California has become a classic of the horror movie genre.
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statesone world news - Fabre Hydravion 1910 The first seaplane in history takes off
French inventor Henri Fabre's Canard "Fabre Hydravion" was the first floatplane to take off from water under its own power. The first flight measured 457 meters.
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27 MAR
statesone world news - Sildenafil 1998 Viagra is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Pfizer's pill was the first drug against male impotence to be approved in the United States. In 2012, the company made 2 billion U.S. Dollars from Viagra alone.
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statesone world news - Silvio Berlusconi 1994 Silvio Berlusconi rises to power in Italy
In his 20 years in Italian politics, Berlusconi arguably made more headlines for his numerous affairs and scandals than for his policies. In 2013, he was sentenced to 4 years imprisonment for tax fraud.
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statesone world news - Alexander L. Kielland (platform) 1980 The oil rig Alexander L. Kjelland collapses in high winds in the North Sea
Only 89 of 212 crew survived the Norwegian platform's capsizing, which was caused by a fatigue crack in one of the legs.
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statesone world news - Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty 1977 The worst air crash in history occurs in Tenerife, Spain
583 people died when 2 Boeing 747 aircraft collided on the runway.
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statesone world news - 1871 Scotland versus England rugby union match 1871 England and Scotland compete in the first international rugby match
Like association football, rugby is a British invention. Today, it is a popular sport mainly in large parts of the British Commonwealth.
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26 MAR
statesone world news - Vladimir Putin 2000 Vladimir Putin is elected President of Russia
The ex-KGB officer has been lauded for leading Russia out of the 1990 economic crisis and criticized for building a regime that many have described as authoritarian and undemocratic.
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statesone world news - Schengen Agreement 1995 The Schengen Agreement enters into force
Within the Schengen Area, which encompasses most of Europe, regular border checks have been abolished.
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statesone world news - Mercosur 1991 4 South American countries establish Mercosur
Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, and Paraguay were the founding members of the Southern Common Market.
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statesone world news - Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty 1979 The "Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty" is signed
Egypt's President Anwar al-Sadat and Israel's Prime Minister Menachem Begin signed the treaty, which ended 30 years of war between the 2 countries.
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statesone world news - Biological Weapons Convention 1975 The Biological Weapons Convention comes into effect
The treaty bans the development, production and stockpiling of biological and toxin weapons. It has now been ratified by most countries worldwide.
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25 MAR
statesone world news - WikiWikiWeb 1995 WikiWikiWeb, the world's first wiki, is launched
Ward Cunningham introduced the wiki, or user-editable website. Today, Wikipedia is the world's most well known and widely used wiki.
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statesone world news - Candle demonstration in Bratislava 1988 Thousands of people join the first peaceful demonstrations against the communist regime in Czechoslovakia
The Candle Demonstration was brutally dispersed by the Police but was the first step towards the Velvet Revolution that resulted in the establishment of democracy in the country.
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statesone world news - Faisal of Saudi Arabia 1975 King Faisal of Saudi Arabia is assassinated by his nephew
Despite the king's dying wish that the life of the assassin be spared, Faisal bin Musaid was publicly executed on June 18, 1975.
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statesone world news - Treaty of Rome 1957 The "Treaty of Rome" is signed
The creation of EEC (European Economic Community) was based on the "Treaty of Rome" signature which was an important step towards European integration and the creation of the European Union (EU).
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statesone world news - Operation Priboi 1949 The Soviet Union begins deporting some 90,000 Estonians, Latvians, and Lithuanians to some of Russia's most inhospitable areas
Operation "Priboi", also known as "March deportation", was designed to weaken the Baltic nationalist movement. Most of the deportees, labeled “enemies of the people” by the Soviet authorities, were women and children.
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24 MAR
statesone world news - NATO bombing of Yugoslavia 1999 For the first time in its history, NATO attacks a sovereign country
The military alliance bombed Yugoslavia during the Kosovo War - without a UN mandate.
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statesone world news - Exxon Valdez oil spill 1989 Oil tanker Exxon Valdez runs aground in Prince William Sound, Alaska
The mishap resulted in one of the most devastating environmental disasters in history, killing up to 250,000 seabirds and other wildlife.
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statesone world news - Ranger 9 1965 Millions watch NASA spacecraft Ranger 9 crash into the Moon
The U.S. space probe broadcast live pictures back to Earth, enabling TV viewers to follow its approach to the Moon and its controlled crash.
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statesone world news - Invention of radio 1896 Aleksander Popov achieves the world's first radio transmission
The Russian physicist transmitted the words “Heinrich Hertz” from one building of St. Petersburg University to another.
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statesone world news - Robert Koch 1882 Robert Koch discovers the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis
The German scientist, who is regarded as the father of modern bacteriology, won the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1905.
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23 MAR
statesone world news - Progress M1-5 2001 The Russian space station Mir plunges into the sea
The legendary station was disposed of in a controlled crash after 15 years in space.
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statesone world news - Óscar Romero 1980 Archbishop Óscar Romero calls on members of the El Salvador armed forces to stop killing their fellow Salvadorians
A death squad assassinated the archbishop only one day after his famous sermon.
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statesone world news - Islamic republic 1956 Pakistan becomes the world's first Islamic republic
The Dominion of Pakistan also included the area of modern-day Bangladesh or East Pakistan, which seceded in 1971.
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statesone world news - Enabling Act of 1933 1933 The Enabling Act of 1933 grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers in Germany
With the Ermächtigungsgesetz, Hitler was awarded the legal right to issue laws even if in breach of the German constitution.
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statesone world news - English Football League 1888 The Football League meets for the first time
The league featuring teams from England and Wales was the world's oldest Association Football league. In 1992, its top 22 teams formed the Premier League.
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22 MAR
statesone world news - Tara Lipinski 1997 Tara Lipinski becomes the youngest female figure skating world champion
The American athlete won the 1997 World Figure Skating Championships in Lausanne, Switzerland at the age of 14 years and 10 months.
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statesone world news - Intel Pentium microprocessor 1993 The Intel Corporation produces the first Pentium microprocessor
Intel holds about 80% of the world market share in the PC microprocessor business.
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statesone world news - The Beatles Love Me Do 1963 The Beatles release their first album
Please Please Me, which included the hit single “Love Me Do” is regarded as one of the greatest albums of all time.
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statesone world news - Bell Labs Laser 1960 The laser is patented
Charles Hard Townes and Arthur Leonard Schawlow received the first patent for their device, although Gordon Gould had previously filed a patent application for a similar contraption, which was turned down.
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statesone world news - Arab League 1945 The Arab League is founded
The organization was founded to promote political, economic, and cultural collaboration amongst its member states, which include 21 African, Asian, and Middle Eastern countries, from Mauritania in the west to Oman in the east.
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21 MAR
statesone world news - Sharpeville massacre 1985 South African Police kill at least 21 black people commemorating a similar mass shooting 25 years before
The Sharpeville massacre in 1985 had left 69 unarmed people dead. It was a turning-point in the history of South Africa.
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statesone world news - Earth Day 1970 Earth Day is celebrated for the first time
The first edition was limited to some cities in the United States. Today, Earth Day is observed by about 1 billion people around the world.
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statesone world news - John Lennon 1969 John Lennon and Yoko Ono marry
After the wedding in Gibraltar, the artists spent their honeymoon in Amsterdam with a Bed-In for Peace, which lasted a whole week.
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statesone world news - Moondog Coronation Ball 1952 The world's first rock and roll concert is held in Cleveland, Ohio
DJ Alan Freed presented the concert, which was closed down after only one song because of over-crowding.
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statesone world news - 20 July plot 1943 A plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler by suicide bomb fails
German Wehrmacht officer, Rudolf von Gersdorff, failed to blow up the dictator but managed to defuse his bombs just before they went off and avoid suspicion.
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20 MAR
statesone world news - 2003 invasion of Iraq 2003 The United States invade Iraq, assisted by the United Kingdom, Australia, and Poland
The Iraq War, which was termed illegal by then UN Secretary, Kofi Annan, caused hundreds of thousands of Iraqi deaths.
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statesone world news - Tokyo subway sarin attack 1995 Japanese terrorists release poisonous gas in the Tokyo subway
12 people died and thousands are wounded after members of the religious cult, Aum Shinrikyo, had places containers leaking sarin on 5 different trains.
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statesone world news - John Lennon 1969 John Lennon and Yoko Ono marry
After the wedding in Gibraltar, the artists spent their honeymoon in Amsterdam with a Bed-In for Peace, which lasted a whole week.
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statesone world news - General relativity 1916 Albert Einstein presents his general theory of relativity
The revolutionary theory describes the interdependency of matter on the one hand and space and time on the other. It is one of the most influential theories in Physics.
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statesone world news - Harriet Beecher Stowe 1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes her novel Uncle Tom's Cabin
The anti-slavery story played an important role in setting the scene for the American Civil War.
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19 MAR
statesone world news - Bob Dylan first album 1962 Bob Dylan releases his first studio album
Dylan is one of the world's most influential music artists. His songs “Blowin' in the Wind” and “The Times They Are a-Changin'” became anthems for the anti-war movement.
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statesone world news - Willie Mosconi 1954 Willie Mosconi sets the world record for running most consecutive Pool balls without a miss
Mr. "Pocket Billiards", as the hugely successful American sportsman was often called, ran 526 consecutive balls.
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statesone world news - Nero Decree 1945 Adolf Hitler orders the destruction of all industries in Germany
The Nero decree was issued in the light of Germany's imminent defeat in World War II. It was never fully executed.
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statesone world news - International Women's Day 1911 The first International Women's Day is observed by over 1 million people in several European countries
German socialists Clara Zetkin and Luise Zietz initiated the observance, which has become an annual global event.
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statesone world news - Auguste and Louis Lumière 1895 The Lumière brothers record their first footage
"Sortie des Usines Lumière à Lyon" showed workers leaving their factory in Lyon. The film is about 50 seconds long. Auguste and Louis Lumière were the earliest filmmakers in history.
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18 MAR
statesone world news - East German general election, 1990 1990 East Germany holds its first and only free parliamentary elections
The election was held between the peaceful revolution leading to the demise of the German Democratic Republic in 1989 and the German reunification in 1990.
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statesone world news - Burst of Joy 1971 A 100 feet (30 meter) high wave destroys a Peruvian mining camp and kills hundreds of people
The tsunami was caused by a massive rock avalance that crashed into Lake Yanahuani from a height of 1300 feet (400 meters).
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statesone world news - aleksei leonov 1965 Russian cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov becomes the first person to walk in space
During the tethered spacewalk, which lasted 12 minutes, Leonov ventured up to 10 meters from his spacecraft, Voskhod 2.
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statesone world news - évian accords 1962 The Évian Accords are signed, ending the Algerian War
Algeria gained its independence from France as a consequence.
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statesone world news - Stanley Cup 1892 Lord Stanley of Preston pledges to donate a challenge cup for the best ice hockey team in Canada
Today, the Stanley Cup is the world's most prestigious ice hockey trophy.
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17 MAR
statesone world news - Negotiations to end apartheid in South Africa 1992 Apartheid in South Africa comes to an end
In a referendum, 68.7% of white South Africans voted for an abolishment of racial segregation in the country.
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statesone world news - Burst of Joy 1973 The photograph known as "Burst of joy" is taken
Photographer Slava Veder was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for the image depicting a former U.S. prisoner of war being reunited with his family.
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statesone world news - Golda Meir 1969 Golda Meir becomes Israel's first female Prime Minister
In her country, Meir was known as the “Iron Lady” long before British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher rose to power.
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statesone world news - dalai lama 1959 The Dalai Lama flees Tibet for India
Followers and advisers of Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, feared for his life after a revolt had erupted in Lhasa against the Chinese.
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statesone world news - National Gallery of Art 1941 The National Gallery of Art opens in Washington. D.C.
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt opened the gallery, which today houses one of the world's finest art collections.
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16 MAR
statesone world news - Halabja chemical attack 1988 A poison gas attack kills 5000 civilians in the Kurdish town of Halabjah
The war crime was in all likelihood executed on the orders of Iraqi despot Saddam Hussein.
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statesone world news - Milltown Cemetery attack 1988 In Northern Ireland, an Ulster loyalist kills 3 people at a Provisional IRA funeral
Michael Stone was later convicted of the Milltown Cemetary attack, which was filmed by news crews.
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statesone world news - My Lai Massacre 1968 U.S. troops massacre hundreds of unarmed civilians in Vietnam
The 504 victims of the My Lai Massacre included many children and infants.
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statesone world news - Psycho (1960 film) 1960 Alfred Hitchcock's movie Psycho is premiered
The film starring Anthony Perkins and Janet Leigh is an all-time classic of the suspense movie genre.
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statesone world news - Robert H. Goddard 1926 Robert Goddard launches the first liquid-fuel rocket
The idea for this revolutionary rocket engine first appeared in a book by Russian scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky.
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15 MAR
statesone world news - Birmingham Six 1990 Mikhail Gorbachev becomes President of the Soviet Union
His economic and political reforms, as well as his advocacy of free speech, strengthened pro-democracy movements in other Eastern European countries and ultimately led to the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of the Cold War.
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statesone world news - first internet domain name 1985 The world's first internet domain name is registered
symbolics.com was registered by the Symbolics Computer Corporation of Massachusetts. There are over 1 billion domains today.
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statesone world news - the godfather movie 1972 Francis Ford Coppola's The Godfather is premiered
The gangster movie based on Mario Puzos novel is one of the most popular films of all time.
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statesone world news - Penicillin 1917 The last emperor of Russia abdicates
Tsar Nicholas II of Russia abdicated following the February Revolution. He was later executed together with his family and some of his servants.
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statesone world news - Enrico Caruso 1895 Enrico Caruso makes his stage debut
The Italian tenor is arguably the most famous opera singer of all time.
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14 MAR
statesone world news - Birmingham Six 1991 The Birmingham Six are released
The 6 men had been wrongly sentenced to life imprisonment in 1975 for the IRA Birmingham pub bombings.
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statesone world news - 1979 in aviation 1979 Factory Plane Crash in China
At least 200 people are killed when a plane crashes into a factory in China. According to some sources, the plane had previously been stolen by the pilot who was not qualified to fly it.
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statesone world news - Germany–Israel relations 1960 The leaders of Germany and Israel confer for the first time
15 years after the end of World War II, West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion met at the Waldorf-Astoria in New York.
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statesone world news - penicillin discovery 1942 For the first time in history, a dying patient's life is saved by penicillin
Although some claim that the pioneering trials at the Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford, England resulted in the first cures using penicillin, Orvan Hess and John Bumstead are generally credited with the first documented successful treatment.
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statesone world news - Lakeview Gusher 1910 The Lakeview Gusher causes the largest accidental oil spill in history
The spill lasted 18 months and 9 million barrels of crude oil were released.
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13 MAR
statesone world news - pope francis 2013 Pope Francis succeeds Pope Benedict XVI
Jorge Mario Bergoglio from Argentina became the 266th leader of the Catholic Church, which has 1.2 billion members around the world.
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statesone world news - Phoenix Lights 1997 A series of unidentified lights appear over Phoenix, Arizona
The Phoenix Lights caused heated debate in the UFO community. It emerged later that some of the lights were caused by illumination flares dropped from a U.S. Air Force plane.
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statesone world news - Kraków Ghetto 1943 German troops liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków
Thousands of men, women and children were murdered by the nazis or deported to extermination camps. The horrific event is portrayed in the film, Schindler's List.
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statesone world news - Violin Concerto (Mendelssohn) 1845 Felix Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto is premiered
The German composer's opus 64 is one of the most frequently performed violin concertos in history.
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statesone world news - uranus discovery 1781 Uranus is discovered
German-born British astronomer William Herschel is credited with the planet's discovery. It is the third largest planet by radius in the solar system.
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12 MAR
statesone world news - Suharto 1967 Suharto rises to power in Indonesia
His presidency, which lasted 31 years, was overshadowed by crass human rights violations and the occupation of East Timor.
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statesone world news - Truman Doctrine 1947 The Truman doctrine is proclaimed
In his speech before Congress, U.S. President Harry S. Truman defined his foreign relations priorities, which included military and economic support to Turkey and Greece to prevent the spread of communism there.
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statesone world news - Anschluss 1938 Lithuania becomes the first Soviet republic to declare its independence
The occupation of Hitler's homeland is known as Anschluss, which is the German word for annexation.
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statesone world news - Salt March 1930 Mahatma Gandhi embarks on his Salt March
The 240-mile march was an act of civil disobedience to protest the British monopoly on salt. It was one of the most significant events during the Indian independence movement.
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statesone world news - Rigoletto 1918 Moscow becomes Russia's capital city
St. Petersburg lost its status as the Russian capital following the Revolution of 1917, which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy.
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11 MAR
statesone world news - Timeline of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster 2011 The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster strikes Japan
The nuclear meltdowns occurred after a 9.0 magnitude earthquake and subsequent tsunami. It was the worst nuclear accident since the 1986 Chernobyl disaster.
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statesone world news - 1959 Tibetan uprising 2004 191 people die as several bombs explode on Madrid commuter trains
The bombings were conducted by an Islamist terrorist cell and came 3 days before Spain's general elections.
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statesone world news - Fulgencio Batista 1990 Lithuania becomes the first Soviet republic to declare its independence
The Baltic country's secession marked an important step in the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
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statesone world news - Military dictatorship of Chile (1973–90) 1990 Patricio Aylwin becomes Chile's first democratically elected president since the end of Augusto Pinochet's dictatorship
Pinochet had been in power since a CIA-backed coup d'état in 1973. Under his command, thousands of political opponents were interned, tortured, and killed.
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statesone world news - Rigoletto 1851 Giuseppe Verdi's opera, Rigoletto, receives its premiere
Rigoletto is one of the most popular operas of all time. The piece was premiered at the Teatro La Fenice in Venice, Italy.
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10 MAR
statesone world news - Dot-com bubble 2000 The dotcom bubble bursts when the NASDAQ Composite stock market index peaks at 5408.60
The dotcom boom, which started in 1997, accompanied the advent of countless new Internet-based companies. When the speculative bubble burst, many small investors were affected.
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statesone world news - 1959 Tibetan uprising 1959 A revolt erupts in Lhasa, sparking the Tibetan uprising
Fearing the Dalai Lama's abduction by China, 300,000 Tibetans surrounded his palace.
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statesone world news - Fulgencio Batista 1952 Fulgencio Batista assumes power in Cuba after a coup
The dictator was overthrown by rebels under the command of Che Guevara in 1959.
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statesone world news - Bombing of Tokyo 1945 The most destructive bombing raid in history hits Tokyo
About 100,000 Tokyo citizens died in the fires caused by the U.S. airforce's incendiary bombs.
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statesone world news - Timeline of the telephone 1876 The first telephone call is made
Alexander Graham Bell transmitted the words “Mr. Watson, come here -- I want to see you” to his assistant, Thomas A. Watson, who was in the next-door room.
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09 MAR
statesone world news - Space Shuttle Discovery 2011 Space Shuttle Discovery completes its final mission
The shuttle touched down at Kennedy Space Center in Florida after its journey to the International Space Station (ISS).
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statesone world news - Cavalese cable car disaster (1976) 1976 The deadliest cable car accident in history occurs in Italy
43 people died when the cable car plunged 160 ft (50 meters) to the ground after the steel cable had snapped. 14-year-old Alessandra Piovesana was the only survivor.
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statesone world news - Ivan Ivanovich (Vostok programme) 1961 Ivan Ivanovich, a human dummy, travels into space
On its test flight on board the Soviet spacecraft Korabl-Sputnik 4 (also known as Sputnik 9), the mannequin was accompanied by a dog, reptiles, mice, and guinea pigs.
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statesone world news - barbie doll 1959 The Barbie doll goes on sale
The American toy company Mattel claims that more than one billion Barbie dolls have been sold so far, with about 3 dolls being sold every second.
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statesone world news - Electron microscope 1931 The electron microscope is patented
German physicist Ernst Ruska is credited with the invention of the microscope. His first instrument allowed a resolution of 50 picometers (trillionths of a meter).
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08 MAR
statesone world news - Compact disc 1979 The compact disc is presented to the public
The CD was developed by Philips and Sony. The companies later collaborated to produce a standard format and CD players.
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statesone world news - The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (radio series) 1978 The first episode of the radio comedy The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy is broadcast
Douglas Adams' radio play was a major success with BBC Radio 4 listeners. The book version consisting of five novels - A Trilogy in Five Parts - became a worldwide success.
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statesone world news - Fight of the Century 1971 In the Fight of the Century, Joe Frazier triumphs over Muhammad Ali
Ali had been stripped of his World Heavyweight Champion title in 1967 for refusing to serve in the armed forces. As he was still undefeated, Frazier had to beat him to be recognized as the world champion.
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statesone world news - Raymonde de Laroche 1910 Raymonde de Laroche becomes the first woman with a pilot's license
The French aviatrix was also the first woman to fly solo. She died at the age of 36 when her experimental plane crashed at Le Crotoy airfield in northern France.
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statesone world news - New York Stock Exchange 1817 The New York Stock Exchange is founded
The NYSE at 11 Wall Street in New York City is the world's largest stock exchange.
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statesone world news - 7th March Speech of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman 1971 A speech by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman helps spark the Bangladesh war of independence
Bangladesh's founding leader made his historical speech at a time of mounting tensions between East Pakistan, which later became Bangladesh, and West Pakistan, which became present-day Pakistan.
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statesone world news - Selma to Montgomery marches 1965 Police brutally attack civil rights marchers in Selma, Alabama
Scores of demonstrators were injured, and the day entered history books as Bloody Sunday. The event helped to shift public opinion in favor of the Civil Rights movement.
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statesone world news - Battle of Remagen 1945 U.S. troops capture the Ludendorff Bridge and cross the Rhine at Remagen
The legendary capture yielded little strategic advantage but it elevated the morale of the U.S. troops in pursuit of retreating German fighters.
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statesone world news - History of the telephone 1926 The first two-way transatlantic telephone takes place
The conversation between the post office in London and Bell Laboratories in New York was established using a short-wave radio signal.
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statesone world news - SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse 1900 The SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse becomes the first ship to send wireless signals to shore
The German transatlantic liner was fitted with wireless communication by its owner, Norddeutscher Lloyd, in order to outdo its rival Hamburg America Line.
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06 MAR
statesone world news - MS Herald of Free Enterprise 1987 193 people die when a ferry capsizes in the North Sea
The Herald of Free Enterprise sank just minutes after leaving the Belgian port of Zeebrugge.
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statesone world news - Svetlana Alliluyeva 1967 Stalin's daughter defects to the West
The Soviet dictator's daughter, Svetlana Alliluyeva, caused an international uproar when she approached the United States embassy in New Delhi and later became a naturalized U.S. citizen.
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statesone world news - Guerrillero Heroico 1957 Ghana becomes the first African country to gain independence from colonial rule
Ghana emerged as a sovereign state from the former British colonies Gold Coast and Togoland. Kwame Nkrumah was the country's first leader.
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statesone world news - History of aspirin 1899 The painkiller Asprin is registered as a trademark
Acetylsalicylic acid was first isolated in 1897 by German chemist Felix Hoffmann. Today, the medication is sold by Bayer and is on the World Health Organization's list of essential medicines.
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statesone world news - De revolutionibus orbium coelestium 1869 The first periodic table of chemical elements is presented
Dmitri Mendeleev presented the system to the Russian Chemical Society on that day.
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05 MAR
statesone world news - ZX81 1981 The home computer ZX81 is launched
The British ZX81 was one of the world's first home computer and was sold over 1.5 million times.
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statesone world news - Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons 1970 The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty enters into force
Nuclear powers China, Russia, U.S., U.K., and France initiated the treaty in 1968. It has since been ratified by 190 nations around the world.
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statesone world news - Guerrillero Heroico 1960 Alberto Korda takes his famous picture of revolutionary Che Guevara
The iconic photograph, called Guerrillero Heroico, was taken at a memorial service for the victims of the La Coubre explosion.
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statesone world news - Railway air brake 1872 The air brake is patented
George Westinghouse is credited with the design of the railway braking system that uses compressed air.
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statesone world news - De revolutionibus orbium coelestium 1616 Nicolaus Copernicus' revolutionary book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium is banned by the Catholic Church
In the book, Copernicus claimed that the Earth revolves around the sun. The Church maintained Ptolemy's geocentric system. The book is considered a milestone in the history of astronomy.
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04 MAR
statesone world news - Electronic voting in Estonia 2007 The world's first national internet election is held
Estonia was the first country to allow its citizens to vote in a parliamentary election through the world wide web.
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statesone world news - 1986 Vrancea earthquake 1977 The Vrancea earthquake claims over 1500 lives
Most of the victims were residents of Romania's capital Bucharest.
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statesone world news - Influenza pandemic 1918 The first documented cases of the Spanish flu herald a deadly worldwide pandemic
The disease quickly spread around the world, causing over 25 million deaths.
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statesone world news - United States Constitution 1789 The U.S. Constitution is put into effect
The law is one of the world's oldest constitutions still in use. The oldest is the Constitution of San Marino, which was issued in 1600.
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03 MAR
statesone world news - rodney king 1991 Footage of Los Angeles police officers severely beating Rodney King causes a global outcry
The acquittal of the police officers involved sparked the Los Angeles riots in 1992.
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statesone world news - UK miners' strike (1984–85) 1985 The U.K. miners' strike ends
The year-long dispute was the country's longest-running industrial dispute and a defining issue of Margaret Thatcher's conservative government.
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statesone world news - Turkish Airlines Flight 981 1974 All 345 people on board a Turkish Airlines jet die as it plunges to the ground near Paris, France
The crash of the DC-10 aircraft has the 4th highest death toll of any aviation accident in history.
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statesone world news - LNER Class A4 4468 Mallard 1938 The world's fastest steam locomotive is built
The Mallard could reach a speed of over 100 miles per hour (160 km/h).
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statesone world news - Abolition of the Ottoman sultanate 1924 The last remnant of the Ottoman empire in Turkey is abolished
The end of the Islamic caliphate marked the demise of the 600-year old empire and gave way to the formation of a reformed Turkey under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.
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02 MAR
statesone world news - top quark 1995 The top quark is discovered
The existence of this elementary particle, the bottom quark's counterpart, had been presumed since the 1970's.
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statesone world news - rhodesia independence 1970 Rhodesia declares itself an independent republic
By severing the country's ties with the United Kingdom, white Prime Minister Ian Smith attempted to prevent the institution of black majority rule.
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statesone world news - concorde first flight 1969 Concorde takes off on its maiden flight
The supersonic airliner was retired in 2003, after Air France Flight 4590 crashed shortly after takeoff from Paris Charles de Gaulle airport on July 25, 2000.
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statesone world news - Kind of Blue 1959 Miles Davis records Kind of Blue
It is considered the best-selling jazz album in history and one of the most influential works of jazz music ever produced.
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statesone world news - king kong movie 1933 The film King Kong premieres
The black and white movie marked a milestone in the history of film, especially due to Willis O’Brien's stop-motion effects.
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01 MAR
statesone world news - list of fastest-grossing films 1998 Titanic becomes the first film to gross $1 billion
James Cameron's epic account of the sinking of the Titanic had a budget of $ 200 million and grossed over $ 2 billion in the end.
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statesone world news - history of Yahoo! 1995 Internet giant Yahoo! is incorporated
The company was founded in January 1994 as Jerry's guide to the World Wide Web by Jerry Yang and David Filo.
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statesone world news - international monetary fund 1947 The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is formed
The IMF's primary goal of improving the economies of its member countries has frequently been overshadowed in the past by criticisms about the fund's alleged support of dictatorships and negative impact on the environment.
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statesone world news - lindbergh kidnapping 1932 Aviator Charles Lindbergh's son is kidnapped
The toddler's abduction and death was one of the most publicized crimes of the century.
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statesone world news - spontaneous radioactivity 1896 Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity
The French physicist made his groundbreaking discovery while trying to prove his erroneous theory that phosphorescent uranium salts absorb sunlight and reemit it as X-rays.
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28 FEB
statesone world news - The first Gulf War ends 2013 Pope Benedict XVI resigns
The pope whose birth name is Joseph Ratzinger was the first leader of the Catholic Church to resign since 1415.
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statesone world news - gulf war 1991 The first Gulf War ends
The armed conflict had lasted a little over half a year and claimed over 100,000 civilian casualties.
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statesone world news - assassination of olof palme 1986 Swedish prime minister Olof Palme is assassinated
Even though over 130 people have confessed to the murder, the case has never been solved.
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statesone world news - Moorgate tube crash 1975 A London underground train crashes into the end of the tunnel at Moorgate station
The Moorgate tube crash claimed 43 lives and was the deadliest accident in the London Underground in during peacetime.
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statesone world news - discovery of the neutron 1935 Nylon is invented
Wallace Carothers first produced the polymer at the DuPont Experimental Station in Wilmington, Delaware, United States.
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27 FEB
statesone world news - 2010 chile earthquake 2010 A massive earthquake strikes Chile
The tremor measured 8.8 on the Richter scale and left more than 500 people dead and thousands injured.
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statesone world news - warsaw pact 2002 A Muslim mob set fire to a train carrying Hindu pilgrims
The attack killed 59 people, including many women and children.
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statesone world news - german expressionism 1943 Non-violent protests in Berlin prevent the deportation of 2000 jews
The “Rosenstrasse protest” was carried out by the “Aryan” wives and relatives of detained Jewish men.
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statesone world news - reichstag fire 1933 Germany's parliament building is set on fire
The Nazis used the Reichstag fire to justify harsh repression against political opponents. The event is considered pivotal in the establishment of Nazi Germany.
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statesone world news - discovery of the neutron/> 1932 <span id= The neutron is discovered
English physicist James Chadwick was later awarded the Nobel Prize for his discovery.
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26 FEB
statesone world news - 1993 world trade center bombing 1993 A car bomb explodes below the World Trade Center in New York
The attack was carried out by a group of Islamist militants. 6 people died in the blast.
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statesone world news - warsaw pact 1991 The world's first web browser is presented to the public
The browser “WorldWideWeb” (later renamed “Nexus”) was developed by Tim Berners-Lee, a British computer scientist best known as the inventor of the internet.
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statesone world news - german expressionism 1920 The first German Expressionist film is premiered
“The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari” by Robert Wiene is considered one of the best silent film of the horror genre.
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statesone world news - original dixieland jass band 1917 The world's first jazz record is created
The “Original Dixieland Jass Band” recorded “Livery Stable Blues” for the Victor Talking Machine Company in New York.
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statesone world news - free state of prussia 1909 A color motion picture is shown to the general public for the first time
A series of 21 short Kinemacolor film were presented at the Palace Theatre in London.
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25 FEB
statesone world news - cave of the patriarchs massacre 1994 An Israeli doctor kills 30 unarmed Palestinians in the Mosque of Abraham
The massacre by right-wing extremist Baruch Goldstein was widely condemned, also in Israel.
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statesone world news - warsaw pact 1991 The Warsaw Pact is disbanded
Following the end of the Cold War, the defense treaty between 8 communist states had lost its purpose. It had been signed in 1955 as an antagonist of NATO.
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statesone world news - corazon aquino 1986 Corazon Aquino is sworn in as the 11th President of the Philippines
Aquino's presidency ended 20 years of dictatorship. She was the first female president in Asia.
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statesone world news - muhammad ali 1964 Muhammad Ali becomes world heavyweight champion
Ali, who still used his original name Cassius Clay at the time, is considered one of the greatest heavyweight boxers in history.
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statesone world news - free state of prussia 1947 The state of Prussia is dissolved
At its peak, the most important state of the German empire encompassed parts of modern-day Germany, Poland, and Russia.
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24 FEB
statesone world news - sachin tendulkar 2010 Sachin Tendulkar becomes the first cricket player to score a double-century in the One Day International format
The Indian sportsman is widely recognized as one of the greatest batsmen in cricket.
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statesone world news - united airlines flight 811 1989 A Boeing 747 jumbo jet rips open over the Pacific Ocean
United Airlines Flight 811 experienced an explosive decompression, resulting in the death of 9 passengers.
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statesone world news - nazi party 1920 The German nazi party is founded
Adolf Hitler became the party's leader in 1921.
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statesone world news - l'orfeo 1607 The world's first opera is premiered
Claudio Monteverdi's “L'Orfeo” is still performed regularly today.
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statesone world news - pope gregory xiii 1582 Pope Gregory XIII orders the introduction of the Gregorian calendar
Luigi Lilio's reform of the Julian calendar was first introduced in some European countries and is now the world's most widely used calendar.
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23 FEB
statesone world news - history of poliomyelitis 1954 The first mass inoculation against polio is conducted
Virologist Jonas Salk's vaccine is still one of the two versions used today, along with Hilary Koprowski's live polio vaccine.
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statesone world news - international organization for standardization 1947 The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) begins operating
The ISO issues standards for everything from bicycle tires to date formats.
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statesone world news - glenn t. seaborg 1941 Glenn T. Seaborg and his team chemically identify Plutonium
The radioactive element plays an important role as nuclear fuel or in nuclear weapons.
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statesone world news - february revolution russia 1917 The February Revolution begins in Russia
The demonstrations and armed clashes ultimately resulted in the demise of the Russian Empire.
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statesone world news - f. w. Woolworth Company 1455 The Gutenberg Bible is published
Johannes Gutenberg's bible edition was the first book ever printed in movable type, heralding the age of the printed book in the West.
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22 FEB
statesone world news - 2011 christchurch earthquake 2011 185 people are killed during an earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand
The quake, while having a magnitude of only 6.3, had one of the highest intensities ever recorded in an urban area (MM IX).
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statesone world news - people power revolution 1986 The People Power Revolution begins in the Philippines
The nonviolent campaign resulted in the fall of President Ferdinand Marcos and the restoration of the country's democracy.
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statesone world news - big week 1983 The play “Moose Murders” flops spectacularly on Broadway
According to critic Frank Rich, “a visit to Moose Murders is what will separate the connoisseurs of Broadway disaster from mere dilettantes for many moons to come.”
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statesone world news - 1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état 1948 Czechoslovakia becomes a communist state following a coup d'état
The country became a parliamentary republic following the non-violent “Velvet Revolution” in 1989 and was split into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic in 1993.
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statesone world news - f. w. Woolworth Company 1879 The first Woolworth store opens in Utica, New York
Frank Woolworth's five-and-dime retail stores became one of the world's most successful trading companies with branches in many countries around the world.
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21 FEB
statesone world news - 1972 nixon visit to china 1972 U.S. President Richard Nixon embarks on his historic visit to China
The first visit of a U.S. President in China was an important step in normalizing relations between the two countries.
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statesone world news - gerald holtom 1958 The peace symbol is designed by Gerald Holtom
The symbol was commissioned by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) and combines the semaphore symbols for the letters N and D - an abbreviation of “Nuclear Disarmament”.
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statesone world news - telephone directory 1878 The world's first telephone book is issued in New Haven, Connecticut
The directory consisted of a single piece of cardboard and comprised 50 numbers.”
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statesone world news - the communist manifesto 1948 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish “The Communist Manifesto”
“Das Kommunistische Manifest” outlined the sociopolitical worldview today called “Marxism” and was translated from German into over 100 languages.
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statesone world news - richard trevithick 1804 The world's first railway journey takes place in Wales
The first full-scale steam locomotive, built by Richard Trevithick, traveled from the Pen-y-darren ironworks near Merthyr Tydfil to Abercynon.
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20 FEB
statesone world news - Nagorno-Karabakh War 1988 The Nagorno-Karabakh War is triggered by der Autonomous Oblast's secession from Azerbaijan
Today, Nagorno-Karabakh is a de facto independent state, but the territory is still internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan.
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statesone world news - mir space station 1962 The first U.S. citizen to orbit the Earth lands safely in the Atlantic Ocean
John Glenn's 5-hour spaceflight came almost a year after Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin orbited the Earth on April 12, 1961.
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statesone world news - big week 1944 U.S. bombers attack German aircraft manufacturing centers, in a bombing campaign that became known as the “Big Week”
The goal was to achieve air superiority to secure the invasion of Europe.
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statesone world news - battle of iwo jima 1913 Works to build Australia's capital city commence
Canberra is an entirely planned city and was chosen as the Australian capital as a compromise between rivals Sydney and Melbourne.
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statesone world news - swan lake 1877 Tchaikovsky's ballet “Swan Lake” is premiered
It is one of the world's best-known ballets.
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19 FEB
statesone world news - fidel castro 2008 Fidel Castro steps down as Cuba's president
Castro was 81 years old at the time and had been in power for 49 years.
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statesone world news - mir space station 1986 The “Mir” Space Station is launched
The Soviet vehicle was the world's first modular space station and remained in orbit for 15 years.
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statesone world news - iberia airlines flight 610 1985 Iberia Airlines Flight 610 crashes
All 148 people on board died in the accident that was blamed on pilot error.
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statesone world news - battle of iwo jima 1945 U.S. troops land on the Japanese island of Iwo Jima
The photo showing 4 soldiers erecting a U.S. flag on the island has become one of the best-known images of World War II.
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statesone world news - thomas edison phonograph 1878 Thomas Edison patents the phonograph
It was the first machine able to reproduce recorded sound.
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18 FEB
statesone world news - ironman world championship 1978 Hawaii hosts the first Ironman Triathlon
Contestants have to swim 2.4 miles (3.86 km), bike 112 miles (180.25 km) and complete a marathon run measuring 26.2 miles (42.2 km).
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statesone world news - jeffrey dahmer 1977 The Space Shuttle takes off on its maiden flight
The “Enterprise” was mounted on a Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft; the first free flight took place on August 12, 1977.
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statesone world news - church of scientology 1954 The first Church of Scientology is established
The Church of Scientology is a multinational network and hierarchy of numerous ostensibly independent but interconnected corporate entities and other organizations devoted to the practice, administration and dissemination of Scientology, a religious movement.
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statesone world news - white rose 1943 The Gestapo arrests German resistance fighter Sophie Scholl and other White Rose activists
21-year-old student Scholl and her fellow campaigners were executed for having distributed flyers criticizing the Nazi regime.
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statesone world news - planet pluto 1930 Pluto is discovered
Clyde W. Tombaugh discovered the dwarf planet when sifting through photographs taken a month earlier.
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17 FEB
statesone world news - 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence 2008 Kosovo declares its independence
The region's secession from Serbia followed an armed conflict referred to as the Kosovo War.
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statesone world news - jeffrey dahmer 1992 Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is jailed for life
Dahmer was convicted of murdering and dismembering at least 17 young men and boys.
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statesone world news - armory show 1913 The “Armory Show” opens in New York
The art exhibition featured works by Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, and Vincent van Gogh and marked the advent of artistic modernism in the United States.
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statesone world news - madama butterfly 1904 “Madama Butterfly” is premiered
Giacomo Puccini's opera, one of the world's most performed works of musical theater, was poorly received in its first performance.
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statesone world news - international red cross and red crescent movement 1863 A precursor of the Red Cross and Red Crescent is founded
The “Committee for Relief to the Wounded” was created by a group of citizens in Geneva, Switzerland.
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16 FEB
statesone world news - february 15, 2003, anti-war protests 2005 The global warming pact was ratified by 191 countries to date - excluding the United States
Up to 30 million people in 600 cities around the world protested against the Iraq War.
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statesone world news - kyoto protocol 1987 The first trial against John Demjanjuk begins in Jerusalem
Demjanjuk was falsely accused of being a particularly brutal nazi guard dubbed “Ivan the Terrible”; in a separate trial in 2011, he was convicted by a German criminal court as an accessory to the murder of 27,900 people.
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statesone world news - history of hezbollah 1985 Hezbollah is founded
According to Ahmad Nizar Hamzeh in "In the Path of Hizbullah" four crisis conditions catalyzed the emergence of Hezbollah:
1. Identity crisis and persecution
2. Structural imbalance
3. Military defeat
4. Demonstration Effect ( Iran's Islamic Revolution)
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statesone world news - amiriyah shelter bombing 1959 Fidel Castro becomes Cuba's Prime Minister
Castro's rise to power came shortly after his “26th of July Movement” had overthrown dictator Fulgencio Batista in what became known as the Cuban Revolution.
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statesone world news - pharoh tutankhamun 1923 The burial chamber of Pharoh Tutankhamun is opened
Howard Carter's discovery is one of archeology's best known, especially due to the myth of the “Curse of Tutankhamun” that was sparked by the death of Lord Carnarvon who was one of the first to enter the chamber.
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15 FEB
statesone world news - february 15, 2003, anti-war protests 2003 The largest peace demonstration in history takes place
Up to 30 million people in 600 cities around the world protested against the Iraq War.
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statesone world news - human genome project 2001 The first draft of the human genome is published
The human genome contains the complete human genetic information.
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statesone world news - soviet withdrawal from afghanistan 1989 The Soviet Union pulls out of Afghanistan
Despite their military superiority, the Soviet and Afghan armies did not succeed in breaking the Mujahideen insurgents' resistance.
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statesone world news - amiriyah shelter bombing 1971 The United Kingdom and Ireland decimalize their currencies
Before the change, a pound sterling was made up of 240 pence, or 12 shillings.
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statesone world news - flag of canada 1965 Canada adopts its current national flag showing a maple leaf
The leaf symbolizes the country's forests, the middle white stripe the arctic snow, and the red stripes the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
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14 FEB
statesone world news - assassination of rafic hariri 2005 Former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri is assassinated
Several sources reported that the U.N. Special Tribunal for Lebanon found compelling evidence for the Lebanese militia Hezbollah's involvement.
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statesone world news - dolly (sheep) 2003 Dolly the sheep is put to death
Dolly, the first mammal to be cloned from an adult, had shown signs of premature aging and contracted various diseases.
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statesone world news - bhopal disaster 1989 Union Carbide finally agrees to pay damages to the Indian government for the Bophal disaster
The company had a yearly turnover of 9.5 billion USD at the time; up to 25,000 people had died in the tragedy.
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statesone world news - amiriyah shelter bombing 1949 The Knesset, the parliament of Israel, convenes for the first time
The term “Knesset” is derived from the Hebrew name of an ancient Great Assembly: Anshei Knesset HaGedolah.
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statesone world news - invention of the telephone 1876 The telephone is patented
Both Alexander Graham Bell (Scottland) and Elisha Gray (USA) applied for a US patent on that day - Bell won.
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13 FEB
statesone world news - national sorry day 2008 Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd apologizes to Indigenous Australians for the “stolen generations”
Between 10 and 30 percent of Aboriginal and Torres Islander children were removed from their families until the 1960s.
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statesone world news - bpm 37093 2004 A Diamond Bigger than Earth Discovered in Constellation Centaurus
BPM 37093 is a white dwarf star about 50 light-years from Earth and was nicknamed “Lucy” after The Beatles' song “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds”.
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statesone world news - the complete peanuts 2000 The last “Peanuts” comic strip is published
The 17,897th-and-last installment was published in newspapers around the world on the day following the death of its creator, Charles M. Schulz.
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statesone world news - amiriyah shelter bombing 1991 Two “smart bombs” kill at least 408 civilians in Baghdad
The Amiriyah shelter bombing was one of the worst cases of civilian killings during “Operation Desert Storm”.
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statesone world news - bombing of dresden 1945 The German city of Dresden is destroyed by a bombing raid
According to estimates, up to 25,000 people were killed in the raids that lasted 3 days.
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12 FEB
statesone world news - trial of slobodan milošević 2002 The trial of Slobodan Milošević begins at The Hague
The former President of Yugoslavia and Serbia died 4 years later, before the trial's conclusion.
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statesone world news - the scream edvard munch 1994 Edvard Munch's “The Scream” is stolen
The iconic painting, one of a series of four, was recovered several months later.
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statesone world news - rhapsody in blue 1924 George Gershwin's “Rhapsody in Blue” premieres
The piece is among Gershwin's best-known compositions and one of the most popular pieces of the symphonic jazz genre.
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statesone world news - puyi chinese emperor 1912 The last Emperor of China abdicates at the age of 6
Puyi was expelled from the Forbidden City after a military coup in 1924. He died on October 17, 1967 aged 61.
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statesone world news - national association for the advancement of colored people 1909 The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is founded in the U.S.
The NAACP is one of the oldest and most influential civil rights organizations in the United States.
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11 FEB
statesone world news - nelson mandela imprisonment 1990 Nelson Mandela is freed after 27 years as a political prisoner
The anti-apartheid campaigner's release was a high point in South Africa's transition from apartheid to democracy.
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statesone world news - deep blue (chess computer) 1979 Ayatollah Khomeini seizes power in Iran
Few days after Khomeini's triumphant return from French exile, the Iranian army steps aside, making way for the creation of an Islamic theocracy.
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statesone world news - margaret thatcher 1975 Margaret Thatcher becomes the first female leader of the British Conservative Party
Thatcher won the general elections in 1979 and became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
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statesone world news - r.u.r' (album)
1938 The BBC broadcasts Karel Čapek's “R.U.R.”, the world's first science fiction TV program
The Czech play whose abbreviated title stands for “Rossum's Universal Robots” introduced the word “robot” to the English language.
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statesone world news - bernadette soubirous' (album)
1958 Bernadette Soubirous sees a vision of the Virgin Mary near Lourdes
The small town in southern France became one of the most important Christian places of pilgrimage.
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10 FEB
statesone world news - 2009 satellite collision 2009 Two satellites collide in space
Both the U.S. satellite “Iridium 33” and the Russian “Kosmos 2251” were destroyed in the accident.
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statesone world news - deep blue (chess computer) 1996 Deep Blue becomes the first computer to win a chess game against a reigning world champion
Despite his defeat in the first game, Russian world champion Garry Kasparov proceeded to win the match by 4-2 games.
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statesone world news - melbourne–voyager collision 1964 An aircraft carrier collides with a destroyer in Australia, killing 82
Powers was exchanged for captured Soviet spy, Rudolf Ivanovich Abel.
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statesone world news - the times they are a-changin' (album)
1964 Bob Dylan's album “The Times They Are A-Changin'” is released
The title track is one of Dylan's best-known songs.
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09 FEB
statesone world news - 1996 docklands bombing 1996 The Irish paramilitary organization IRA ends an 18-month ceasefire by exploding a large bomb in London
The explosion in London's Canary Wharf left 2 people dead and 39 injured.
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statesone world news - boeing 747 jumbo 1969 The Boeing 747 flies for the first time
The “Jumbo Jet” was the world's largest passenger aircraft at the time.
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statesone world news - r-7 semyorka 1959 The world's first intercontinental ballistic missile becomes operational in the USSR
The Soviet R-7 Semyorka missile had a range of 8800 km (5500 mi).
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statesone world news - joseph mccarthy 1950 U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy launches his anti-communist campaign
On this day, McCarthy accused the U.S. State Department of being infiltrated by communists.
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08 FEB
statesone world news - NASDAQ 1979 The NASDAQ holds its first trading day
The National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations was the world's first electronic stock exchange.
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statesone world news - hollywood walk of fame 1960 The first 8 stars are added to the Hollywood Walk of Fame
More than 2400 five-pointed stars have since been embedded in the sidewalks of Hollywood Boulevard and Vine Street to honor stars of the entertainment industry.
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statesone world news - stasi 1950 The Stasi, East Germany's notorious secret police, is established
The “Staatssicherheit”, which was dissolved in 1990, is considered one of the most repressive intelligence agencies in the world.
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statesone world news - boy scouts of america 1910 The Boy Souts of America is founded
3 years earlier, British General Robert Baden-Powell had founded the Scout movement in England.
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statesone world news - sandford fleming 1879 Sandford Fleming proposes the use of time zones
The later introduction of Universal Standard Time, which is based on time zones, revolutionized time keeping.
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07 FEB
statesone world news - black saturday bushfires 2009 The Black Saturday bushfires in Australia kill 173 people
The fires were the worst natural disaster in Australian history.
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statesone world news - ellen macArthur 2005 Ellen MacArthur breaks the speed record for sailing solo around the world
The journey took her 71 days, 14 hours, 18 minutes, and 33 seconds.
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statesone world news - maastricht treaty 1992 The European Union is established as the Maastricht Treaty is signed
The treaty also defined a single European currency: the Euro.
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statesone world news - jean-claude duvalier 1986 Haiti's president, Jean-Claude “Papa Doc” Duvalier, flees the country, ending 28 years of family rule
On the same day 5 years later, the first democratically elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, was sworn in.
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statesone world news - colony of new zealand 1984 NASA astronauts take the first untethered spacewalk
The photographs of Bruce McCandless and Robert L. Stewart hovering freely in space became some of the most iconic images of the 1980s.
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06 FEB
statesone world news - Birgenair Flight 301 1996 The crash of a Boeing 757 aircraft leaves no survivors
Birgenair Flight 301 was the worst accident involving this type of aircraft.
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statesone world news - polish round table agreement 1989 The Round Table Talks start in Poland
The negotiations between the Polish government and the trade union Solidarność, or Solidarity in English, marked the beginning of the end of communism in Eastern Europe.
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statesone world news - invention of the integrated circuit 1959 The first microchip is patented
For his invention of the integrated circuit, Jack Kilby was awarded the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics.
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statesone world news - plastic history 1952 Elizabeth II becomes Queen of the United Kingdom
She succeeded her father, George VI, who died that day.
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statesone world news - colony of new zealand 1840 New Zealand becomes a British colony
Belgian chemist Leo Baekeland announced his invention of Bakelite at a meeting of the American Chemical Society that day.
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05 FEB
statesone world news - soviet withdrawal from afghanistan 1989 The last Soviet troops leave Kabul
In an important move signaling the close of the nearly decade-long Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan, the last Russian troops withdraw from the capital city of Kabul. Less than two weeks later, all Soviet troops departed Afghanistan entirely, ending what many observers referred to as Russia’s “Vietnam.”
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statesone world news - greenwich time signal 1924 The Greenwich Time Signal is broadcast for the first time
The “BBC pips” are 5 short and 1 long tones that are broadcast by many BBC radio stations to mark the precise start of the hour.
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statesone world news - united artists 1919 United Artists is founded
Charlie Chaplin was one of the film studio's founders.
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statesone world news - plastic history 1909 Mexican constitution proclaimed
After seven years of revolution and civil upheaval, Mexican President Venustiano Carranza proclaims the modern Mexican constitution, which promises the restoration of lands to native peoples, the separation of church and state, and dramatic economic and educational reforms.
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statesone world news - plastic history 1909 The world's first synthetic plastic is developed
Belgian chemist Leo Baekeland announced his invention of Bakelite at a meeting of the American Chemical Society that day.
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statesone world news - plastic history 1869 The biggest gold nugget in history is found
The “Welcome Stranger” was found at Moliagul in Australia and had a calculated refined weight of 71.081 kg.
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statesone world news - hermitage museum 1852 The Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg opens to the public
It is one of the world's largest and oldest museums and was originally founded in 1764.
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statesone world news - andré citroën 1878 The “French Henry Ford” born
On this day in 1878, Andre Citroen, later referred to as the Henry Ford of France for developing his country’s first mass-produced automobiles, is born in Paris. Citroen revolutionized the European auto industry by making vehicles that were affordable to average citizens.
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statesone world news - 1783 calabrian earthquakes 1783 Earthquake devastates southern Italy
The estimated 7.5 to 8.0-magnitude quake struck at about 1 p.m. in the Calabria province. Within a minute, over 100 villages were leveled throughout the region. In several cases, communities were literally wiped away with no survivors or standing structures remaining.
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04 FEB
statesone world news - 1976 guatemala earthquake 1976 Earthquake rocks Guatemala City
In the very early morning of February 4, 1976, a 7.5-magnitude earthquake levels much of Guatemala City, killing 23,000 people and leaving one million others homeless. It was 3:04 a.m. when the first large tremor, centered six miles under the Earth’s surface 120 miles northwest of Guatemala City, struck.
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statesone world news - plo palestine foundation date 1969 PLO is founded
With Yasir Arafat as its leader, the Palestine Liberation Organization was founded on February 4, 1969. By 1974 when he addressed the United Nations, Arafat had made significant strides towards establishing new respectability for the PLO’s campaign for a Palestinian homeland.
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statesone world news - ceylon independence 1962 First U.S. helicopter is shot down in Vietnam
On This day in 1962, the first U.S. helicopter is shot down in Vietnam. It was one of 15 helicopters ferrying South Vietnamese Army troops into battle near the village of Hong My in the Mekong Delta.
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statesone world news - ceylon independence 1959 Football great Lawrence Taylor born
On February 4, 1959, Lawrence Julius Taylor, one of the best defensive players in NFL history, is born in Williamsburg, Virginia.
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statesone world news - ceylon independence 1947 The Symbionese Liberation Army abducts Patty Hearst
Patricia Hearst, the 19-year-old daughter of publishing billionaire William Randolph Hearst, is kidnapped from her Berkeley, California, apartment. Stephen Weed, Hearst’s fiance, was beaten unconscious by the two abductors. Soon, a ransom demand came from the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA), a radical activist group led by Donald DeFreeze.
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statesone world news - ceylon independence 1948 Ceylon (Sri Lanka) proclaims independence within the British Commonwealth
Since the 16th century, the island had been colonized by Portugal, the Netherlands, and Great Britain.
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statesone world news - yalta conference 1945 Yalta Conference starts
President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meet to discuss the Allied war effort against Germany and Japan and to try and settle some nagging diplomatic issues.
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statesone world news - lincoln  motor company 1922 Fords buys Lincoln
On February 4, 1922, the Ford Motor Company acquires the failing luxury automaker Lincoln Motor Company for $8 million.
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statesone world news - confederate states 1861 The Confederate States of America are established
6 slave states met in Montgomery, Alabama to form the Confederacy, which lasted only until 1865.
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statesone world news - codex sinaiticus 1859 German archeologist Constantin von Tischendorf discovers the Codex Sinaiticus
The “Sinai Bible”, a handwritten copy of the Greek Bible, is considered a great historical treasure.
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statesone world news - the Last of the mohicans 1826 The Last of the Mohicans is published
On this day in 1826, The Last of the Mohicans by James Fennimore Cooper is published. One of the earliest distinctive American novels, the book is the second of the five-novel series called the “Leather-stocking Tales.
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statesone world news - united states presidential election, 1788–89 1789 George Washington is elected as first President of the United States
On this day in 1789, George Washington becomes the first and only president to be unanimously elected by the Electoral College. President Washington took office on April 30, 1789.
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03 FEB
statesone world news - Alberto Gonzales 2005 Gonzales becomes first Hispanic U.S. attorney general
On February 3, 2005, Alberto Gonzales won Senate confirmation as the nation’s first Hispanic attorney general despite protests over his record on torture.
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statesone world news - super bowl XXXVI 2002 New England Patriots (AFC) win first Super Bowl
On this day in 2002, the New England Patriots shock football fans everywhere by defeating the heavily favored St. Louis Rams, 20-17, to take home their first Super Bowl victory.
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statesone world news - cabalese cable disaster 1998 20 people die in the Cavalese cable car disaster
The wings of a low-flying U.S. military aircraft cut the aerial tramway's cables, causing the cabin to plunge 80 meters.
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statesone world news - united states–vietnam trade relations 1994 President Clinton ends Vietnam trade embargo
Nearly two decades after the fall of Saigon, U.S. President Bill Clinton announces the lifting of the 19-year-old trade embargo against Vietnam, citing the cooperation of Vietnam’s communist government in helping the United States locate the 2,238 Americans still listed as missing in the Vietnam War.
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statesone world news - alfredo stroessner 1989 Paraguay's Alfredo Stroessner, is overthrown
Stroessner had come to power in 1954 with a military coup.
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statesone world news - john cassavetes death 1989 John Cassavetes dies
The film director, writer and actor John Cassavetes, hailed as a fiercely independent filmmaker and a pioneer of American cinema verite, dies on this day in 1989 at the age of 59, in Los Angeles.
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statesone world news - 1972 iran blizzard 1972 The deadliest snowstorm in history kills 4000
The Iran Blizzard lasted a week and left whole villages without survivors.
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statesone world news - yasser arafat 1969 Yasser Arafat becomes leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
Even after his death in 2011, Arafat remained a highly controversial figure, many Arabs praising him as a freedom fighter while many Israelis denouncing him as a terrorist.
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statesone world news - luna 9 1966 Lunik 9 soft-lands on lunar surface
On February 3, 1966, the Soviet Union accomplishes the first controlled landing on the moon, when the unmanned spacecraft Lunik 9 touches down on the Ocean of Storms.
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statesone world news - jacques cousteau the silent world 1953 Captain Cousteau publishes The Silent World
On February 3, 1953, French oceanographer Jacques-Yves Cousteau publishes his most famous and lasting work, The Silent World.
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statesone world news - germany–united states relations 1944 U.S. troops capture the Marshall Islands
On this day, American forces invade and take control of the Marshall Islands, long occupied by the Japanese and used by them as a base for military operations.
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statesone world news - woodrow wilson death 1924 Woodrow Wilson dies
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th president of the United States, dies in Washington, D.C., at the age of 67.In 1912, Governor Wilson of New Jersey was elected president in a landslide Democratic victory over Republican incumbent William Howard Taft and Progressive Party candidate Theodore Roosevelt.
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statesone world news - germany–united states relations 1917 U.S. breaks diplomatic relations with Germany
On this day in 1917, President Woodrow Wilson speaks for two hours before a historic session of Congress to announce that the United States is breaking diplomatic relations with Germany.
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02 FEB
statesone world news - south africa apartheid racial segregation 1990 The South African Apartheid system of racial segregation begins to disintegrate
President de Klerk announced the unbanning of the African Nation Congress (ANC) and his intentions to release Nelson Mandela.
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statesone world news - battle of stalingrad 1943 The Battle of Stalingrad comes to an end as the Axis Powers surrender
His triumphant return marked the beginning of the Iranian Revolution.
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statesone world news - iditarod trail sled dog race 1925 20 mushers embark on a journey to transport medicine to Nome, Alaska, inspiring the Iditarod Race
Adams joined the United States Marine Corps in 1951 during the Korean War as a combat photographer. One of his assignments was to photograph the entire Demilitarized Zone from end to end immediately following the war. This took him over a month to complete.
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statesone world news - ulysses (novel) 1922 “Ulysses” by James Joyce is published
The novel is considered one of the most important works of modernist literature.
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statesone world news - george jennings public toilet 1852 The first public flushing toilet is opened in London
Using the “Public Waiting Room” at 95 Fleet Street cost 2 pence.
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01 FEB
statesone world news - space shuttle columbia disaster 2003 Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates on its way back to Earth
All 7 astronauts were killed in the disaster.
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statesone world news - ruhollah khomeini's return to Iran 1979 A Ayatollah Khomeini returns to Iran after 15 years in exile
His triumphant return marked the beginning of the Iranian Revolution.
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statesone world news - eddie adams (photographer) 1968 Eddie Adams takes one of the Vietnam War's best-known pictures
Adams joined the United States Marine Corps in 1951 during the Korean War as a combat photographer. One of his assignments was to photograph the entire Demilitarized Zone from end to end immediately following the war. This took him over a month to complete.
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statesone world news - greensboro sit-ins 1960 Four black students start the Greensboro sit-ins
Their refusal to leave a “whites only” lunch counter was a milestone in the fight against racial segregation in the United States.
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statesone world news - oxford english dictionary 1884 The first fascicle of the “Oxford English Dictionary” is published
The book contained entries A to Ant.
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31 JAN
statesone world news - alaska airlines flight 261 2010 Alaska Airlines flight 261 crashes into the sea
The MD-83 experienced horizontal stabilizer problems before descending into the Pacific Ocean, killing all 88 on board.
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statesone world news - suicide bombings in sri lanka 1996 A suicide bombing in Sri Lanka kills 91 people
Separatist Tamil Tigers detonated a truck loaded with explosives in front of the central bank in Colombo.
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statesone world news - ham (chimpanzee) 1961 Ham the Chimp travels into outer space
The chimpanzee survived the US Mercury Program test flight with just a bruised nose.
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statesone world news - thirteenth amendment to the united states constitution 1865 The 13TH Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is passed
The Amendment, which officially abolished slavery, was adopted on December 6, 1865.
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30 JAN
statesone world news - mazda 2000 Plane crashes off Ivory Coast
A Kenya Airways Airbus A-310 crashes after takeoff into the Atlantic Ocean off the Ivory Coast on this day in 2000. Because the passengers did not have enough time to put on life jackets, only 10 people out of the 179 on board survived.
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statesone world news - elk cloner 1982 The first computer virus is released “into the wild”
Elk Cloner was created by 15-year-old Richard Skrenta as a practical joke.
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statesone world news - bloody sunday (1972) 1972 On “Bloody Sunday”, British troops kill 13 unarmed protesters
It was one of the most significant events of the Northern Ireland conflict.
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statesone world news - assassination of mahatma gandhi 1948 Ghandi assassinated
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the political and spiritual leader of the Indian independence movement, is assassinated in New Delhi by a Hindu fanatic.
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statesone world news - first modern automobile 1945 9,400 people die in the deadliest maritime disaster in history
The “Wilhelm Gustloff” was sunk by a Soviet submarine during World War II.
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statesone world news - adolf hitler's rise to power 1933 Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany
The “Machtergreifung” marked the end of the Weimar Republic and the beginning of the “Third Reich”.
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statesone world news - mazda 1920 Japan’s Mazda founded
Jujiro Matsuda (1875-1952) on this day forms Toyo Cork Kogyo, a business that makes cork, in Hiroshima, Japan; just over a decade later the company produces its first automobile and eventually changes its name to Mazda.
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statesone world news - articles of confederation 1781 Maryland ratifies Articles of Confederation
Maryland becomes on this day the 13th and final state to ratify the Articles of Confederation, almost three years after the official deadline given by Congress of March 10, 1778.
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29 JAN
statesone world news - george bush axis of evil 2002 George W. Bush coins the term “axis of evil” as part of his State of the Union Address
The term used to describe “regimes that sponsor terror” became exemplary for the terminology used by the Bush administration to promote its “war on terror”.
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statesone world news - france nuclear testing 1996 France stops nuclear testing
President Jaques Chirac announced the “definite end” to France's nuclear testing program just 1 day after the country exploded a nuclear device in the South Pacific.
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statesone world news - mantra-rock dance san francisco 1967 The Mantra-Rock Dance takes place in San Francisco
The event is considered to have been the major spiritual event of the San Francisco hippy era.
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statesone world news - first modern automobile 1886 German engineer Carl Benz patents the first modern automobile
His “Benz Patent-Motorwagen Nummer 1” was the first gasoline-driven car.
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statesone world news - edgar allan poe the raven 1845 Edgar Allan Poe's “The Raven” is published
The narrative poem first appeared in the New York Evening Mirror.
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28 JAN
statesone world news - space shuttle challenger disaster 1986 Space Shuttle “Challenger” explodes
The orbiter broke apart 73 seconds after lift-off, killing all 7 astronauts on board.
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statesone world news - record we are the world 1985 USA for Africa record “We Are the World”
Over 20 million copies of the charity single were sold.
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statesone world news - lego brick patent 1958 The Lego brick is patented
The Lego company has since produced 500 billion Lego elements, amounting to 10 lego towers from Earth to the Moon.
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statesone world news - discovery of the antartic 1820 Fabian von Bellinghausen discovers the Antarctic
The Baltic German explorer is believed to be the first person to sight the Earth's southernmost continent.
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statesone world news - jane austen pride and justice 1813 Jane Austen's novel, Pride and Prejudice, is published
It is one of the best-known works of English literature and it was sold about 20 million times.
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27 JAN
statesone world news - seikan tunnel 1983 The first shaft of the world's longest tunnel is completed
The Seikan Tunnel, 53.85 km (33.46 mi) in length, connects the Japanese islands of Honshu and Hokkaido.
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statesone world news - apollo 1 disaster 1967 3 astronauts die in a cabin fire while preparing for the Apollo 1 mission
The accident was a blow to NASA's Apollo manned lunar landing program.
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statesone world news - usa uk urss outer space treaty 1967 U.S., U.K. and Soviet Union sign the Outer Space Treaty
The treaty bans the deployment of nuclear weapons in outer space and limits the use of the Moon to peaceful purposes.
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statesone world news - auschtwitz liberation camp 1945 Soviet forces liberate Auschwitz
The German Nazi regime murdered over 1.1 million people in the extermination camps near Oświęcim, Poland.
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statesone world news - siege of leningrad 1944 Soviet forces liberate Leningrad
Die Siege of Leningrad had lasted 872 days and left over 1 million people dead.
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26 JAN
statesone world news - condoleezza rice 2005 Bush appoints Rice as secretary of state
President George W. Bush appoints Condoleezza Rice to the post of secretary of state, making her the highest ranking African-American woman ever to serve in a presidential cabinet.
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statesone world news - 2001 gujarat earthquake 2001 A massive earthquake hits Gujarat, India
About 20,000 people died and over 160,000 people were injured.
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statesone world news - lewinsky scandal 1998 In a TV statement, Bill Clinton denies having had “sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky”
On August 17, 1998, Clinton admitted to having had an “improper physical relationship” with Monica Lewinsky.
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statesone world news - 1980 Summer Olympics boycott 1980 U.S. Olympic Committee votes against Moscow games
At the request of President Jimmy Carter, the U.S. Olympic Committee votes to ask the International Olympic Committee to cancel or move the upcoming Moscow Olympics. The action was in response to the Soviet military invasion of Afghanistan the previous month.
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statesone world news - paris peace accords 1972 North Vietnam rejects U.S. peace proposal
Radio Hanoi announces North Vietnam’s rejection of the latest U.S. peace proposal. Revealing more details of the secret Paris peace talks, Henry Kissinger responds publicly, condemning the North Vietnamese announcement and criticizing Hanoi’s nine-point counter-proposal, which had been submitted during the secret talks.
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statesone world news - everett alvarez, jr. 1970 Lt. Everett Alvarez spends 2,000th day in captivity
U.S. Navy Lt. Everett Alvarez Jr. spends his 2,000th day in captivity in Southeast Asia. First taken prisoner when his plane was shot down on August 5, 1964, he became the longest-held POW in U.S. history. Alvarez was downed over Hon Gai during the first bombing raids against North Vietnam in retaliation for the disputed attack on U.S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin in August 1964.
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statesone world news - janet g. travell 1961 Kennedy appoints first female presidential physician
Just about a week after his inauguration, President John F. Kennedy appoints Janet Travell, 59, as his personal physician, making her the first woman in history to hold the post.
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statesone world news - history of the republic of india 1950 India becomes a republic
On January 26, 1950, the Indian constitution takes effect, making the Republic of India the most populous democracy in the world.Mohandas Gandhi struggled through decades of passive resistance before Britain finally accepted Indian independence.
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statesone world news - spanish civil war, 1938–39 1939 Franco captures Barcelona
During the Spanish Civil War, Barcelona, the Republican capital of Spain, falls to the Nationalist forces of General Francisco Franco.
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statesone world news - ukrainian war of independence 1918 Ukraine declares its independence
Soon after the Bolsheviks seized control in immense, troubled Russia in November 1917 and moved towards negotiating peace with the Central Powers, the former Russian state of Ukraine declares its total independence.
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statesone world news - history of australia (1788–1850) 1788 The first Europeans settle in Australia
On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia. After overcoming a period of hardship, the fledgling colony began to celebrate the anniversary of this date with great fanfare.
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statesone world news - council of trent 1564 The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism
Spanish explorer Vicente Yanez Pinzon, who had commanded the Nina during Christopher Columbus’ first expedition to the New World, reaches the northeastern coast of Brazil during a voyage under his command.
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statesone world news - vicente yáñez pinzón 1500 Pinzon discovers Brazil
Spanish explorer Vicente Yanez Pinzon, who had commanded the Nina during Christopher Columbus’ first expedition to the New World, reaches the northeastern coast of Brazil during a voyage under his command.
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25 JAN
statesone world news - Egyptian revolution of 2011 2011 Egyptian Revolution
The revolution begins with a series of street demonstrations, rallies, acts of civil disobedience, labor strikes and violent clashes in Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities.
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statesone world news - jiang qing 1981 Mao’s widow sentenced to death
Jiang Qing, the widow of Chinese leader Mao Zedong, is sentenced to death for her “counter-revolutionary crimes” during the Cultural Revolution.
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statesone world news - timeline of solar cells 1977 The world's first solar power plant is opened
The solar furnace in Odeillo, France was the first power plant providing alternative energy.
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statesone world news - 1971 ugandan coup d'état 1971 Idi Amin seizes power in Uganda
The dictator's rule (1971 - 1979) was characterized by human right abuse, political repression, and corruption.
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statesone world news - nikita khrushchev 1956 Khrushchev declares that Eisenhower is “striving for peace”
In a long interview with visiting American attorney Marshall MacDuffie, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev adopts a friendly attitude toward the United States and indicates that he believes President Dwight Eisenhower is sincere in his desire for peace.
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statesone world news - 1st primetime emmy awards 1949 Inaugural Emmy awards ceremony
On this day in 1949, the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences holds its first annual awards ceremony at the Hollywood Athletic Club in Los Angeles.
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statesone world news - israeli legislative election, 1949 1949 The first Israeli election is won by David Ben-Gurion's Mapai party
Elections for the Constituent Assembly were held in newly independent Israel on 25 January 1949. Voter turnout was 86.9%. Two days after its first meeting on 14 February 1949, legislators voted to change the name of the body to the Knesset (Hebrew: כנסת, translated as Assembly). It is known today as the First Knesset.
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statesone world news - 1924 winter olympics 1924 The first Winter Olympics begin
The first Olympic Winter Games were held in Chamonix, France.
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statesone world news - league of nations 1919 The League of Nations is founded
American naval expedition under Charles Wilkes is first to identify Antarctica as a new continent.
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statesone world news - cullinan diamond 1905 World’s largest diamond found
On January 25, 1905, at the Premier Mine in Pretoria, South Africa, a 3,106-carat diamond is discovered during a routine inspection by the mine’s superintendent. Weighing 1.33 pounds, and christened the “Cullinan,” it was the largest diamond ever found.
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statesone world news - gianni agnelli 1776 Italian auto baron Gianni Agnelli dies
On this day in 2003, Giovanni “Gianni” Agnelli, the glamorous, powerful Italian business tycoon who turned Fiat, his family’s car company, into an international conglomerate, dies at the age of 81.
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24 JAN
statesone world news - hiten 1990 Japan launches its first lunar probe
Hiten was the first robotic lunar probe since the Soviet Luna 24 in 1976 and the first deep space probe that executed an aerobraking maneuver.
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statesone world news - macintosh 1984 The Apple Macintosh computer goes on sale
The “Mac” was the first commercially successful personal computer using a graphical user interface and a mouse.
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statesone world news - united nations general assembly resolution 1946 The United Nations General Assembly passes its fist resolution
Resolution 1 was passed to found the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC).
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statesone world news - california gold rush 1848 The California Gold Rush begins
Some 300,000 people traveled to California after James W. Marshall had found gold at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California.
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statesone world news - slave revolts in brazil before 1835 1835 Slaves stage a rebellion in Brazil to end slavery
The Malê Revolt was instrumental in ending slavery in Brazil.
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statesone world news - matthias corvinus 1458 Matthias I Corvinus chosen king of Hungary
As king, Matthias waged wars against the Czech mercenaries who dominated Upper Hungary (today parts of Slovakia and Northern Hungary) and against Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, who claimed Hungary for himself.
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statesone world news - pope gelasius II 1118 Giovanni Caetani elected Pope Gelasius II
Shortly after his unanimous election to succeed Pope Paschal II in 1118, he was seized by Cencio II Frangipane, a partisan of Holy Roman Emperor Henry V, but was freed by a general uprising of the Romans on his behalf.
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statesone world news - synod of worms 1076 Synod of Worms: German King Henry IV fires Pope Gregory VII
The Synod of Worms was an ecclesiastical synod and Imperial diet (Hoftag) convened by the German king and emperor-elect Henry IV on 24 January 1076, at Worms. It was intended to agree a condemnation of Pope Gregory VII, and Henry's success in achieving this outcome marked the beginning of the Investiture Controversy.
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statesone world news - Praetorian Guard 46 Claudius succeeds his nephew Caligula as Roman Emperor after the later's assassination by officers of the Praetorian Guard
In Ancient Rome, the Imperial Praetorian Guard or Praetorian Guard were a unit of the Roman Army formed of elite soldiers initially recruited in Italy. These units originated from the small group of men around the republican magistrates, known under the designation of praetor.
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23 JAN
statesone world news - Rock and Roll Hall of Fame 1986 The first artists are inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Among the first inductees were Ray Charles, James Brown, and Elvis Presley.
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statesone world news - Bathyscaphe Trieste 1960 The Trieste dives to a record depth of 10,911 meters (35,797 ft)
Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh reached the bottom of Challenger Deep, the Earth's deepest known point.
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statesone world news - Élysée Treaty 1957 Walter Frederick Morrison sells the rights to his flying disc to the Wham-O toy company
The Frisbee is used today around the world as both a toy and as part of flying disc games.
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statesone world news - Jerusalem 1950 Israel claims Jerusalem as its capital
Despite international protests, the Knesset passed a resolution stating that the divided city will be the country's capital.
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statesone world news - 1556 Shaanxi earthquake 1556 The deadliest earthquake on record kills some 830,000 people
The epicenter was in the Wei River Valley in Shaanxi Province, China.
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statesone world news - Hongwu Emperor 1368 Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor
He initiates Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.
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22 JAN
statesone world news - Bolivia President 2006 Eco Morales becomes Bolivia's first indigenous president
The left-wing politician has focused mainly on combating poverty and curbing the influence of transnational corporations.
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statesone world news - Boeing 747 1970 The Boeing 747 takes off on its first scheduled flight
The Pan Am jumbo jet flew from New York to London.
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statesone world news - Elysée Treaty 1963 The Élysée Treaty formalizes the reconciliation between Germany and France
The treaty effectively ended centuries of enmity between the two European countries.
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statesone world news - Temperature Change 1943 World record for fastest temperature change
The fastest temperature change recorded in history occurred on this day in Spearfish, South Dakota. The temperature increased from −4°F (−20°C) to +45°F (+7°C)m in the span of two minutes.
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statesone world news - Jews Colmar 1510 Jews are expelled from Colmar, Alsace
The fastest temperature change recorded in history occurred on this day in Spearfish, South Dakota. The temperature increased from −4°F (−20°C) to +45°F (+7°C)m in the span of two minutes.
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statesone world news - Swiss Guard 1506 The first 150 soldiers of the Swiss Guard arrive at the Vatican
Since that day, the Swiss Guard is responsible for the Pope's security.
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statesone world news - King Robert II 1371 King Robert II Stuart of Scotland crowned
He reigned as King of Scots from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. He was the son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and of Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert the Bruce and of his first wife Isabella of Mar.
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statesone world news - Battle of Reading 871 Battle of Reading: Danish invasion army beats Saxon Ethelred of Wessex
It was one of a series of battles, with honours to both sides, that took place following an invasion of the then kingdom of Wessex by an army of Danes led by Bagsecg and Halfdan Ragnarsson in an attempt to conquer Wessex.
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statesone world news - Patriarch of Constantinople 565 Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus
Considered a saint in the Catholic and Orthodox Christian traditions, he was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 552 to 565, and from 577 to 582. His feast is kept by the Orthodox Church on 6 April, and he is mentioned in the Catholic Church's "Corpus Juris". His terms of office, occurring during the reign of Emperor Justinian the Great, were marked by controversies with both imperial and papal authority.
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21 JAN
statesone world news - Pope John Paul II 1998 Pope John Paul II visits Cuba
John Paul II was the first Pope to visit the country.
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statesone world news - Concorde Plane 1976 Concorde takes off on its first scheduled flights
2 of the supersonic aircraft took off from Paris and London simultaneously.
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statesone world news - Battle of Khe Sanh 1968 The Battle of Khe Sanh begins
The belligerent parties were elements of the United States III Marine Amphibious Force (III MAF), 1st Cavalry Division, the US Seventh Air Force, 1st Battalion 9th Marine Regiment, minor elements of the South Vietnamese Army (ARVN) against two to three division-size elements of the People's Army of Vietnam (generally referred to in Western sources as the North Vietnamese Army or NVA).
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statesone world news - Monte Carlo rally 1911 23 cars take part in the first Rally Monte Carlo
Unlike today, the competitors set out from 11 different European locations, heading for the finish line in Monte Carlo.
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statesone world news - Opel Cars 1899 Opel builds its first automobile
The company designs, engineers, manufactures and distributes Opel-branded passenger vehicles, light commercial vehicles and vehicle parts for distribution in Africa, Asia, Europe and South America. Opel designed and manufactured vehicles are also sold under the Buick brand in the United States, Canada, Mexico, and China, the Holden brand in Australia and New Zealand, and the Vauxhall brand in Great Britain.
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statesone world news - Pope Election 1522 Head inquisitor Adrian Florisz Boeyens elected pope
Pope of the Catholic Church from 9 January 1522 until his death on 14 September 1523, he was the only Dutchman ever to be Pope.
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statesone world news - Pope Gregory VII 1077 German King Heinrich IV petitions Pope Gregory VII for forgiveness
He was also referred to as the King of the Romans and Holy Roman Emperor. He was the third emperor of the Salian dynasty and one of the most powerful and important figures of the 11th century. His reign was marked by the Investiture Controversy with the Papacy. He died of illness, soon after defeating his son's army near Visé, in Lorraine, France.
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20 JAN
statesone world news - Trump Inauguration 2017 Inauguration of Donald J. Trump as US 45TH President
The inauguration theme is "Uniquely American", a phrase that highlights the inaugural ceremony as "a uniquely American expression of our Constitutional system". The theme also stresses the peaceful transition of power, and that the American people are "united behind an enduring republic".
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statesone world news - Obama Presidency 2009 Barack Obama is sworn in as U.S. President
Obama became the country's 44TH and first black President.
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statesone world news - Iran Hostage 1981 The Iran hostage crisis ends
52 U.S. citizens were released after 444 days at the hands of a group of Islamists.
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statesone world news - Student Activist 1969 The killing of a student activist sets the stage for the Bangladesh Liberation War
The war resulted in the secession of East Pakistan from the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the establishment of Bangladesh as a sovereign nation.
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statesone world news - Nazi Final Solution 1942 Nazi officials meet to organize the extermination of Jews
During the Wannsee Conference in Berlin, the Nazis discussed what they called the “Final Solution to the Jewish question”.
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statesone world news - Fujifilm 1934 Fujifilm is founded
The Japanese photography and electronics company soon became a global player in its field.
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19 JAN
statesone world news - Hrant Dink 2007 Turkish journalist Hrant Dink is assassinated
The murderer was a 17-year old Turkish nationalist who disagreed with Dink's view on the Turkish denial of the Armenian Genocide of 1915.
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statesone world news - Klaus Barbie 1983 Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie is arrested in Bolivia
Barbie was known as the “Butcher of Lyon”.
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statesone world news - Indira Ghandi 1966 Indira Gandhi becomes India's first female prime minister
She was assassinated on October 31, 1984.
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statesone world news - Georges Claude 1915 Georges Claude patents his neon discharge tube
Neon lighting soon became popular for outdoor advertising.
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statesone world news - Faust Part 1 1829 Goethe's “Faust” (Part 1) is premiered
The work is considered one of the greatest works of German literature.
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statesone world news - Baptist Church 1788 Pioneer African Baptist church organizes in Savannah (Georgia)
Its claim of "first" is contested by First Baptist Church of Petersburg, Virginia, whose congregation officially organized in 1774. First African Baptist Church operates a museum which displays memorabilia dating back to the 18th century.
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statesone world news - Truce of Andrusovo 1667 Truce of Andrusovo ends 13 year war between Poland & Russia
Also known as 'Treaty of Andrusovo', it established a thirteen-and-a-half year truce, signed in 1667 between Tsardom of Russia and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, which had fought the Russo-Polish War since 1654 over the territories of modern-day Ukraine and Belarus.
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18 JAN
Sierra Leone Civil War Flag 2002 The Sierra Leone Civil War ends
The conflict had lasted 11 years and left over 50,000 dead.
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statesone world news - Børge Ousland Antartica 1997 Børge Ousland becomes the first person to cross Antarctica alone and unaided
The Norwegian polar explorer walked 3000 km (1864 miles) across the Earth's southernmost continent.
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statesone world news - Warsaw Ghetto 1943 Insurgents in the Warsaw Ghetto take up arms against the German oppressors
This lead to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, the largest single revolt by Jews during World War II.
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statesone world news - Paris Peace Conference 1919 The Paris Peace Conference opens
The aim of the conference was to set the peace terms after World War I, resulting in the signing of the Treaty of Versailles.
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statesone world news - Modern Hockey 1886 Modern hockey is born
The foundation of The Hockey Association in England formalized a modern version of the game that had already been played in ancient times.
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17 JAN
statesone world news - Kobe Earthquake 1995 The Great Hanshin earthquake hits Kobe in Japan
6,434 people lost their lives during the quake, according to estimates.
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statesone world news - Gulf War 1992 The "Gulf War" in Iraq begins
“Operation Desert Storm”, launched in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, resulted in about 100,000 civilian deaths.
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statesone world news - Patrice Lumumba 1961 Patrice Lumumba is murdered with support from western governments
An independent commission concluded that Lumumba, the first democratically elected leader of the Congo, died at the hands of his domestic adversaries with the assistance of the Belgian government and the CIA.
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statesone world news - UNSC 1946 The UN Security Council holds its first session
The UNSC is the most powerful organ of the United Nations and it is charged with upholding international peace and security.
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statesone world news - Warsaw World War II 1945 Soviet and Polish forces liberate Warsaw during World War II
The occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union during the Second World War (1939–1945) began with the German-Soviet invasion of Poland in September 1939, and formally concluded with the defeat of Germany by the Allies in May 1945. Throughout the entire course of foreign occupation, the territory of Poland was divided between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union (USSR) with the intention of eradicating Polish culture and subjugating its people by occupying German and Soviet powers.
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16 JAN
statesone world news - Adriana Iliescy 2005 Adriana Iliescu gives birth at the age of 66
The Romanian university lecturer broke the record for the world's oldest birth mother.
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statesone world news - El Salvador Civil War 1992 The civil war in El Salvador ends
The war had lasted over 12 years and left more than 75,000 people dead.
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statesone world news - Shah Of Iran 1979 The Shah of Iran flees the country
As a consequence, Ayatollah Khomeini later took power and proclaimed the Islamic Republic.
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statesone world news - Prohibition in USA 1919 Prohibition begins in the United States
The 18TH Amendment of the U.S. Constitution prohibited the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors.
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statesone world news - Roman empire 27 The Roman Empire is established
One of the events marking the beginning of the Imperium Romanum was the Roman Senate's granting of the honorific Augustus to Octavian on this day.
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15 JAN
statesone world news - Wikipedia 2001 2001 Wikipedia goes online
The online encyclopedia has since become the largest reference work on the internet.
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statesone world news - Croatia and Slovenia 1992 Croatia and Slovenia are internationally recognized as independent nations
The Yugoslav federation effectively collapsed as a result.
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statesone world news - Nixon Ceasefire Vietnam 1973 Nixon orders ceasefire in Vietnam
The fighting continued anyway until the capture of Saigon by the Vietnam People's Army on April 30, 1975.
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statesone world news - Basketball rules 1892 The rules of Basketball are published
Canadian James Naismith invented the sport for his gym class at YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts.
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statesone world news - British Museum 1759 The British Museum opens
Its collection comprises 8 million items and it is one of the most comprehensive collections in the world.
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14 JAN
EU Flag 2005 The European Huygens space probe lands on Saturn's moon Titan
It was the first ever landing in the outer solar system.
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USA Flag 1980 United Nations vote “deplores” Soviet intervention in Afghanistan
The resolution requested the “immediate, unconditional and total withdrawal of the foreign troops from Afghanistan.” The immense margin of victory for the resolution indicated the worldwide disapproval for the December 1979 Soviet invasion and installation of a pro-communist puppet regime in Afghanistan. The U.N. General Assembly voted 104 to 18 to “deplore” the Russian intervention in Afghanistan.
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USA Flag 1970 Diana Ross and the Supremes perform their final concert
They were the most successful American pop group of the 1960s—a group whose 12 #1 hits in the first full decade of the rock and roll era places them behind only Elvis and the Beatles in terms of chart dominance.
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USA Flag 1969 Explosion rocks USS Enterprise
An explosion aboard the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise kills 27 people in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on this day in 1969. A rocket accidentally detonated, destroying 15 planes and injuring more than 300 people.
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Vietnam Flag 1968 Operation Niagara launched
U.S. joint-service Operation Niagara is launched to support the U.S. Marine base at Khe Sanh.
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USA Flag 1967 The Summer of Love is launched with the Human Be-In
San Francisco was the epicenter of the Hippie Revolution, which soon influenced cultures around the world.
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USA Flag 1954 Marilyn Monroe marries Joe DiMaggio
It was the ultimate All-American romance: the tall, handsome hero of the country’s national pastime captures the heart of the beautiful, glamorous Hollywood star. But the brief, volatile marriage of Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio–the couple wed on this day in 1954–barely got past the honeymoon before cracks began to show in its brilliant veneer.
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Yugoslavia Flag 1953 Tito becomes President of Yugoslavia
The authoritarian leader became a unifying symbol in his country and is still known by many today.
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USA Flag 1943 Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes first president to travel by airplane on U.S. official business
Crossing the Atlantic by air, Roosevelt flew in a Boeing 314 Flying Boat dubbed the Dixie Clipper to a World War II strategy meeting with Winston Churchill at Casablanca in North Africa. With German U-boats taking a heavy toll on American marine traffic in the Atlantic, Roosevelt’s advisors reluctantly agreed to send him via airplane.
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Morocco Flag 1943 Casablanca conference: Churchill, Roosevelt and de Gaulle meet in Casablanca to discuss their WWII strategy
During the secret Casablanca Conference, the leaders agreed that the allied forces would accept nothing less than the unconditional surrender of the Axis powers.
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South Africa Flag 1915 South African troops occupy Swakopmund in German Southwest Africa
As part of an attempt to display its loyalty to the British empire and, perhaps more importantly, enlarge its own sphere of influence on the African continent, South Africa sends troops to occupy Swakopmund, a seaside town in German-occupied Southwest Africa (modern-day Namibia).
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Germany Flag 1875 Albert Schweitzer is born
The theologian, musician, philosopher and Nobel Prize-winning physician Albert Schweitzer is born on this day in 1875 in Upper-Alsace, Germany (now Haut-Rhin, France).
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France Flag 1784 Continental Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris
Continental Congress ratifies the Second Treaty of Paris, ending the War for Independence. In the document, which was known as the Second Treaty of Paris because the Treaty of Paris was also the name of the agreement that had ended the Seven Years’ War in 1763, Britain officially agreed to recognize the independence of its 13 former colonies as the new United States of America. Besides, the treaty settled the boundaries between the United States and what remained of British North America.
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USA Flag 1784 Adams, Jefferson and Madison help to ratify the Treaty of Paris
Thomas Jefferson had planned to travel to Paris to join Adams, John Jay and Benjamin Franklin for the beginning of talks with the British in 1782. However, after a delay in his travel plans, Jefferson received word that a cessation of hostilities had been announced by King George III the previous December. Jefferson arrived in Paris in late February after the treaty had already been negotiated by Adams, Franklin and Jay.
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USA Flag 1639 The first colonial constitution
In Hartford, Connecticut, the first constitution in the American colonies, the “Fundamental Orders,” is adopted by representatives of Wethersfield, Windsor, and Hartford.
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UK Flag 1559 Elizabeth I is crowned Queen of England
“The Virgin Queen” was the daughter of Anne Boleyn and King Henry VIII.
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Hungary Flag 1301 Andrew III of Hungary (1290-1301) dies at 50, ending the Árpád dynasty in Hungary
Seven members of the dynasty were canonized or beatified by the Roman Catholic Church; therefore, since the 13th century the dynasty has often been referred to as the "Kindred of the Holy Kings". Two Árpáds were canonized by the Eastern Orthodox Church.
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France Flag 1129 Formal approval of the Order of Templars at the Council of Troyes
Known as the Order of Solomon's Temple (French: Ordre du Temple or Templiers), the Knights Templar, or simply as Templars, was a Catholic military order recognised in 1139 by papal bull Omne Datum Optimum of the Holy See. The order was active from about 1129 to 1312.
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13 JAN
Italy Flag 2012 The cruise ship Costa Concordia sinks, killing 32
Costa Concordia disaster: The ship's captain was later accused of imprudence, negligence, and incompetence.
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El Salvador Flag 2001 An earthquake devastates El Salvador
This quake killed nearly 1000 people; at least 315 people feel victim to a second quake on February 13, 2001.
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USA Flag 2000 Bill Gates steps down as CEO of Microsoft
Bill Gates co-founded Microsoft in 1975 together with Paul Allen.
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USA Flag 1968 Johnny Cash performs live at Folsom State Prison
Released on Columbia Records in May 1968, “Johnny Cash at Folsom Prison” album was a hit in the United States, reaching number one on the country charts and the top 15 of the national album chart. The lead single from the album, a live version of "Folsom Prison Blues", was a top 40 hit, Cash's first since 1964's "Understand Your Man".
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USA Flag 1950 Soviets boycott United Nations Security Council
For the second time in a week, Jacob Malik, the Soviet representative to the United Nations, storms out of a meeting of the Security Council, this time in reaction to the defeat of his proposal to expel the Nationalist Chinese representative. At the same time, he announced the Soviet Union’s intention to boycott further Security Council meetings.
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Italia Flag 1915 The worst earthquake in Italian history kills 30,000
The quake hit the town of Avezzano, about 100 km (60 m) east of Rome.
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France Flag 1908 The first long-distance radio message is broadcast from the Eiffel Tower in Paris
Scientist Lee de Forest's broadcast was heard by an audience of 50.
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USA Flag 1776 British raid Prudence Island in Narragansett Bay
In the early morning hours of January 13, 1776, British forces raid Prudence Island, Rhode Island, in an effort to steal a large quantity of sheep. But, upon landing on the island’s southern beaches, the British were ambushed by fifteen Minutemen from Rhode Island’s Second Company led by Captain Joseph Knight.
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Vatican Flag 1128 Pope recognizes Knights Templar
On this day in 1128, Pope Honorius II grants a papal sanction to the military order known as the Knights Templar, declaring it to be an army of God.
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12 JAN
Haiti Flag 2010 An earthquake kills 316,000 in Haiti
Most of the country's capital, Port-au-Prince, was destroyed during the disaster.
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USA Flag 1991 The U.S. Congress votes for war in Iraq
President George H. W. Bush was given the authority to use military force to expel Iraq from Kuwait.• Useful data

USA Flag 1971 “Harrisburg Six” charged with conspiracy
The Reverend Philip F. Berrigan, serving a six-year prison term on charges of destroying draft records, and five others are indicted by a grand jury on charges of conspiring to kidnap presidential adviser Henry Kissinger and of plotting to blow up the heating tunnels of federal buildings in Washington. The “Harrisburg Six,” as they came to be known, denied the charges and denounced them as a government effort to destroy the peace movement.
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UK Flag 1969 Led Zeppelin eponymous debut studio album
Although the album was not critically well-received when first released, it was commercially successful, and critics have since come to view it in a more favourable light. In 2003, Led Zeppelin was ranked at #29 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time, and keeping that position after the list was updated in 2012. In 2004, the album was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.
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USA Flag 1967 James Bedford is frozen with intent of future resuscitation
Bedford was the first human to be cryonically preserved; his body awaits resuscitation in Scottsdale, Arizona.
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USA Flag 1962 Operation Ranch Hand initiated
The United States Air Force launches Operation Ranch Hand, a “modern technological area-denial technique” designed to expose the roads and trails used by the Viet Cong.
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India Flag 1948 Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast
On January 12, 1948, Gandhi undertook his last successful fast in New Delhi, to persuade Hindus and Muslims in that city to work toward peace. On January 30, less than two weeks after breaking that fast, he was assassinated by a Hindu extremist on his way to an evening prayer meeting.
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France Flag 1919 Leaders of the Big Four nations meet for the first time in Paris
Victors of the Great War, the leaders of these four nations were determined to control the agenda of the conference that would decide its peace terms. There was no precedent for such a momentous peace conference; even the Congress of Vienna of 1815, which had preserved order in Europe for almost a century before collapsing in 1914, had been far smaller and less complicated than the gathering at Versailles.
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France Flag 1908 The first long-distance radio message is broadcast from the Eiffel Tower in Paris
Scientist Lee de Forest's broadcast was heard by an audience of 50.
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Ethiopia Flag 1872 Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years
Yohannes IV (Geez ዮሓንስ, Yōḥānnis), born Lij Kassay Mercha and formerly known in English as King John, was Emperor of Ethiopia from 1871 until his death in 1889.
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11 JAN
USA Flag 2002 The first prisoners arrive in Guantanamo Bay
Following reports of torture, Amnesty International called the situation at the US detention camp a “human rights scandal”.
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Brazil Flag 1985 A whopping 1.5 million people attended, making it the world's largest music festival
A whopping 1.5 million people attended, making it the world's largest music festival.
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USA Flag 1935 Amelia Earhart flies solo from Hawaii to the U.S. mainland
She was the first person to achieve this feat. Her journey took her from Honolulu to Oakland, California.
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Canada Flag 1922 Insulin is used for the first time to treat diabetes
14-year-old Leonard Thompson was the first person to receive the medication to combat his Type 1 diabetes.
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USA Flag 1964 First government report warning by US Surgeon General Luther Terry reports that smoking may be hazardous
Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the United States was a landmark report published on January 11, 1964 by the Surgeon General's Advisory Committee on Smoking and Health, chaired by then-Surgeon General of the United States Luther Terry regarding the negative health effects of tobacco smoking.
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USA Flag 1838 First public demonstration of telegraph message sent using dots & dashes at Speedwell Ironworks, Morristown, New Jersey by Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail
Alfred Vail developed the Morse code signalling alphabet with Morse. The first telegram in the United States was sent by Morse on 11 January 1838, across two miles (3 km) of wire at Speedwell Ironworks near Morristown, New Jersey, although it was only later, in 1844, that he sent the message "WHAT HATH GOD WROUGHT"from the Capitol in Washington to the old Mt. Clare Depot in Baltimore.
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USA Flag 1813 First pineapples planted in Hawaii (or 1/21)
The natives of southern Brazil and Paraguay spread the pineapple throughout South America, and it eventually reached the Caribbean, Central America, and Mexico, where it was cultivated by the Mayas and the Aztecs. Columbus encountered the pineapple in 1493 on the leeward island of Guadeloupe. He called it piña de Indes, meaning "pine of the Indians".
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Greece Flag 532 Nika-revolt against Justianus & Theodora in Hippodrome Constantinople
The Nika riots (Greek: Στάσις τοῦ Νίκα Stásis toû Níka), or Nika revolt, was a revolt against Emperor Justinian I that took place over the course of a week in Constantinople in AD 532. It was the most violent riot in the history of Constantinople, with nearly half the city being burned or destroyed and tens of thousands of people killed.
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10 JAN
UK Flag 1946 The first General Assembly of the United Nations opens
51 nations were represented on that day.
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France Flag 1929 The first Adventures of Tintin comic book is published
Hergé's books became hugely popular in Europe and the rest of the world.
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France Flag 1920 The Treaty of Versailles takes effect
Although a ceasefire had been in place since November 11, 1918, World War I officially ended with the Treaty of Versailles.
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UK Flag 1863 London Underground opens
“The Tube” is the world's oldest underground railway.
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UK Flag 1776 Thomas Paine publishes his pamphlet 'Common Sense'
The pamphlet argued for freedom from British rule and it helped spark the American Revolutionary War.
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Spain Flag 1514 Complutensian New Testament in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek & Latin finished
It includes the first printed editions of the Greek New Testament, the complete Septuagint, and the Targum Onkelos. Of the 600 printed six-volume sets, only 123 are known to have survived to date.
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Moldova Flag 1475 Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui
Stephen inflicted a decisive defeat on the Ottomans, described as "the greatest ever secured by the Cross against Islam" with casualties, according to Venetian and Polish records, reaching beyond 40,000 on the Ottoman side.
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Austria Flag 1429 Order of Golden Fleece established in Austria-Hungary & Spain
The Order of the Golden Fleece was established on 10 January 1430, by Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, in celebration of the prosperous and wealthy domains united in his person that ran from Flanders to Switzerland.
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Germany Flag 1356 German emperor Charles I delegates Golden Degree
The decree fixed, for a period of more than four hundred years, important aspects of the constitutional structure of the Holy Roman Empire. It was named the Golden Bull for the golden seal it carried.
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Italy Flag 1072 Robert Guiscard conquers Palermo
The decree fixed, for a period of more than four hundred years, important aspects of the constitutional structure of the Holy Roman Empire. It was named the Golden Bull for the golden seal it carried.
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09 JAN
Sudan Flag 2005 The second Sudanese War ends
As an outcome, Southern Sudan is granted autonomy; in 2011, South Sudan becomes an independent nation.
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Romania Flag 1941 6,000 Jews exterminated in pogrom in Bucharest (actual Romania)
The anti-semitic legislation that began with the "Jewish Codex" in Romania, and the establishment of the National Legionary State government, set in motion the laws of Romanianization, which deprived Jewish people of their property and distributed it among supporters of the new regime. This created an atmosphere in which anti-semitism was seen as legitimate, and even sanctioned.
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France Flag 1916 The Battle of Gallipoli ends
The Gallipoli Campaign during World War I ended with the victory of the Ottoman Empire.
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UK Flag 1909 Ernest Shackleton as part of the British Nimrod Expedition reaches a record farthest South latitude (88°23' south)
The British Antarctic Expedition 1907–09, otherwise known as the Nimrod Expedition, was the first of three expeditions to the Antarctic led by Ernest Shackleton.
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USA Flag 1861 The first shots of the American Civil War are fired
The steamer, Star of the West, was fired upon by the Confederates as it attempted to enter Charleston Harbor.
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France Flag 1839 Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science
To make a daguerreotype, the daguerreotypist would polish a sheet of silver-plated copper to a mirror finish, treat it with fumes that made its surface light sensitive, expose it in a camera for as long as was judged to be necessary, which could be as little as a few seconds for brightly sunlit subjects or much longer with less intense lighting; make the resulting latent image on it visible by fuming it with mercury vapor; remove its sensitivity to light by liquid chemical treatment, rinse and dry it, then seal the easily marred result behind glass in a protective enclosure.
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UK Flag 1768 Philip Astley opens the world's first modern circus
The British equestrian, who is considered the father of modern circus, opened a riding school in London where he also performed tricks for an audience in the afternoons.
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India Flag 1760 Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat
The battle is considered one of the largest and most eventful fought in the 18th century, and has perhaps the largest number of fatalities in a single day reported in a classic formation battle between two armies.
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France Flag 1431 The trial against Joan of Arc begins
She was executed on May 30, 1431, exonerated in 1456, and canonized in 1920 by Pope Benedict XV.
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08 JAN
Russia Flag 1994 Russian cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov beings his record spaceflight
Polyakov stayed aboard the Mir space station for a record-breaking 437 days and 18 hours.
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France Flag 1959 Charles de Gaulle becomes president of France
His right-wing political ideology, Gaullism, still influences French politics today.
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South Africa Flag 1912 The African National Congress (ANC) is founded
The ANC, whose most famous member is Nelson Mandela, played an important role in the fight against the South African apartheid regime and it is now the country's governing political party.
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USA Flag 1954 Georgetown-IBM experiment, the first public demonstration of a machine translation system, is held in New York at the head office of IBM
Vietnamese forces captured the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh that day.
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USA Flag 1889 Computer pioneerHerman Hollerith patents his punched card calculator
His invention paved the way for modern automatic computation.
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USA Flag 1790 George Washington delivers the first State of the Union address
The U.S. president typically uses this annual speech to outline his political agenda.
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France Flag 1785 Hot air balloon crosses the English Channel
French inventor Jean-Pierre Blanchard took about 2½ hours to fly from Dover (UK) to Guînes (France).
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Italy Flag 1610 Galileo Galilei discovers the Galilean Moons
The Italian astronomer spotted the four largest moons of Jupiter that day: Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto.
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07 JAN
USA Flag 1999 Impeachment trial of President Bill Clinton begins in the US Senate
Vietnamese forces captured the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh that day.
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Austria Flag 1989 Akihito is sworn in as Emperor of Japan
His accession to the throne followed the death of his father, Emperor Hirohito, on the same day.
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Vietnam Flag 1979 The Khmer Rouge government of Cambodia is overthrown
Vietnamese forces captured the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh that day.
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USA Flag 1954 Georgetown-IBM experiment, the first public demonstration of a machine translation system, is held in New York at the head office of IBM
Vietnamese forces captured the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh that day.
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USA Flag 1953 US President Harry Truman announces American development of the hydrogen bomb
The Soviet Union's atomic bomb project progressed much faster than had been expected, and they detonated their first bomb on August 29, 1949. In response, on January 7, 1953, Truman announced the detonation of the first U.S. hydrogen bomb, which was much more powerful than what the Soviets had.
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USA Flag 1927 The first transatlantic telephone service is established
A 3-minute call between New York and London cost about $45 USD, which is roughly $550 in today's dollars.
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France Flag 1785 Hot air balloon crosses the English Channel
French inventor Jean-Pierre Blanchard took about 2½ hours to fly from Dover (UK) to Guînes (France).
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Italy Flag 1610 Galileo Galilei discovers the Galilean Moons
The Italian astronomer spotted the four largest moons of Jupiter that day: Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto.
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06 JAN
Austria Flag 1970 The Wiener Musikverein is inaugurated
The famous concert hall is the home of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra.
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India Flag 1929 Mother Theresa (Saint Teresa of Calcutta) arrives in India
Through her tireless work in helping the poor and ill, the Albanian religious sister later received the Nobel Peace Prize and was posthumously beatified.
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Czech Republic Flag 1912 German scientist Alfred Wegener presents his theory of continental drift.
His work laid the foundation for the theory of plate tectonics, which explains why continents move.
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Italy Flag 1907 Maria Montessori opens her first school
Montessori's revolutionary educational approach is practiced at about 30,000 schools today.
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USA Flag 1838 Samuel Morse presents the telegraph to the public, developed and patended in 1837
Together with Alfred Vail, the inventor relayed the message “A patient waiter is no loser” over a distance of 2 miles (3 km).
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Greece Flag Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI is crowned at Mistra
Latinized as 'Palaeologus', he was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor reigning as a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 to his death in battle at the fall of Constantinople.
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Netherlands Flag 1579 The Union of Utrecht
treaty signed on 23 January 1579 in Utrecht, the Netherlands, unifying the northern provinces of the Netherlands, until then under the control of Habsburg Spain.
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Italy Flag Charles I of Bohemia is crowned with the Iron Crown of Lombardy
In 1355 he was crowned King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor. With his coronation as King of Burgundy in 1365, he became the personal ruler of all the kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire.
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France Flag 1352 French King Jean II introduces Order of the Star
Son of King Stefan Milutin, he defeated several of his family members vying for the throne.
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Serbia Flag 1322 Stephen Uros III becomes King of Serbia
Called John the Good (French: Jean le Bon), he was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1350 until his death.
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England Flag 1066 King Harald of England is crowned
Harold II was the last Anglo-Saxon king of England. He reigned from 6 January 1066 until his death at the Battle of Hastings on 14 October, fighting the Norman invaders led by William the Conqueror during the Norman conquest of England.
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05 JAN
France Flag 2005 The solar system's largest known dwarf planet is discovered
The discovery of “Eris” ultimately lead to the International Astronomical Union (IAU) downgrading Pluto, which has roughly the same size, to a dwarf planet.
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Liberia Flag 1993 The oil tanker MV Braer runs aground on the coast of the Shetland Islands.
The oil tanker spilled twice as much crude oil as the Exxon Valdez in 1989.
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Czech Republic Flag 1968 The Prague Spring begins
The period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia began with the election of Alexander Dubček as the country's leader.
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USA Flag 1933 Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins
The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco is one of the best-known symbols of the United States.
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France Flag 1895 The "Affaire Dreyfus": Alfred Dreyfus is sentenced to life imprisonment
The French artillery officer was accused of treason. He was later exonerated.
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04 JAN
UAE Flag 2010 Burj Khalifa tower is opened
Burj Khalifa in Dubai is currently the world's tallest building, at 829.8 m (2,722 ft).
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Russia Flag 1958 Sputnik 1 falls to Earth from orbit
The Soviet Union was the first nation to send an artificial Earth satellite into space.
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Myanmar Flag 1948 Burma gets Independence from the UK
Burma (Myanmar) came under British rule on January 1, 1886.
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USA Flag 1896 Utah becomes the 45th state of the U.S
One condition for statehood was that a ban on polygamy had to be written into the state constitution.
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USA Flag 1847 Samuel Colt sells his first revolver
Captain Samuel Walker of the Texas Rangers placed an order for 1000 revolver pistols after having witnessed their devastating effect.
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03 JAN
South Africa Flag 1994 Millions of people from the former Apartheid Homelands gain South African citizenship
The apartheid regime had stripped the black inhabitants of the right to citizenship to ensure a white majority of the de jure population.
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USA Flag 1993 The second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START II) is signed
The U.S.A. and Russia agreed to reduce the number of nuclear warheads by about 3,000.
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Cuba Flag 1961 The United States breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba
In April 1961, the U.S. government launched an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the Cuban government by invading the country at the bay of pigs.
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Alaska Flag 1959 Alaska becomes the 49th U.S. state
The territory had been bought from Russia in 1867 for a mere $7.2 million.
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Switzerland Flag 1957 The first electric watch is available
The Hamilton Electric 500 came in “modern” asymmetrical designs to reflect the revolutionary technology.
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02 JAN
South Africa Flag 1981 The “Yorkshire Ripper” is caught
Peter Sutcliffe confessed to murdering 13 women and was sentenced to life imprisonment.
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Scotland Flag 1961 66 football fans die in the Ibrox disaster
Over 200 people were injured in the crush, which occurred at the end of an association football game between the Glasgow-based clubs, Rangers, and Celtic, at Ibrox Park.
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USA Flag 1967 Ronald Reagan is sworn in as Governor of California
Reagan became the 40th U.S. president in 1981.
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Russia Flag 1959 Luna 1 is launched
The Soviet spacecraft was the first to reach the vicinity of the moon and orbit the sun.
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France Flag 1860 Urban Le Verrier announces the discovery of the planet Vulcan.
Despite a thorough search, the planet was never actually sighted.
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01 JAN
EU Flag 1999 The Euro becomes the official currency in 11 countries
While the Euro was already valid for bank transfers, notes and coins were introduced on January 1, 2002.
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Czech Republic Flag 1993 Czechoslovakia is dissolved
The country was peacefully divided into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.
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Russia Flag 1992 The formation of the Russian Federation followed the disintegration of the Soviet Union
Reagan became the 40th U.S. president in 1981.
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EU Flag 1958 The European Economic Community is founded
The EEC was a predecessor of today's European Union (EU).
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China Flag 1912 Republic of China is founded
It was succeeded by the People's Republic of China in 1949.
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